Ibrahim Adil Shah I

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Ibrahim Adil Shah Buzurg
Adil Shahi Emperor
Reign 1534–1558
Full name Sultan Abul Nasser Ibrahim Adil Shah
Birthplace Bijapur
Died 1558
Place of death Bijapur
Buried In the campus of the Great Sufi Saint Chandah Husaini of Gogi, Shahpur, District Gulbarga, next to his father and grandfather., 1558
Predecessor Mallu Adil Shah
Successor Ali Adil Shah I
Consort to Daughter of Asad Khan Lari (Khusrow)
Issue
  • Ismail
  • Ali Adil Shah I
  • Taham Asaf
  • Ahmed
  • Saani Bibi (wife of Ali Barid Shah)
  • Hadiya Sultana Wife of Murtuza Nizam Shah
Royal House House of Osman
Dynasty Adil Shahi Empire
Father Ismail Adil Shah
Mother Fatima Beebi
Religious beliefs Sunni Muslim

Ibrahim Adil Shah I (1534–1558) was a Sultan and later Shah of the Indian kingdom of Bijapur. He succeeded his elder brother, Mallu Adil Shah, through the machinations of the Afaqi faction at the court. He was the first Adil Shahi ruler to assume the royal title of Shah.

Faith[edit]

On his accession, he deleted the names of the twelve Shi'ah Imams from the Khutbah and restored the exercise of the Sunni practices. He deviated from the traditions of his predecessors and introduced many innovations in the political and religious policies. He degraded most of the afaqi faction (with a few exceptions), and in their place enrolled the Deccani (including the Marathas and Habashis) to the services, retaining only four hundred afaqi troops as his bodyguard. Consequently, many Marathas acquired great influence at his court and public accounts began to be maintained in Marathi.

Policies[edit]

Ibrahim's anti-afaqi policy, however, considerably weakened the kingdom as the dismissed personnel joined the service of the neighbouring rulers. This exposed the kingdom to a series of invasions. Yet it was the veteran afaqi leader Asad Khan Lari (Buried in Belgaum), who acting as a diplomatic counselor to Ibrahim, saved the kingdom in the hour of crisis.

Reign[edit]

The reign of Ibrahim, which lasted twenty-four years and a few months, was full of alliances and counter-alliances with and against Ahmadnagar, Bidar, Berar, Golkonda and Vijayanagar. Although there were continuous expeditions little territorial expansion was made, for gains in one direction were compensated by loss on the other side. Thus while Bidar was conquered, Solapur and Kalyani were lost to Ahmadnagar. On the other hand considerable acquisitions were made in the south along the west-coast. The farthest point of Bijapur territory now extended south of Goa. Further, though Golkonda was not subdued, Bijapur arms were able to reach the walls of Golkonda fort and return triumphantly.

Death[edit]

Ibrahim was buried near the famous Sufi saint Hazrat Chandah Hussaini Ashrafi in Gogi, where his father, Ismail and grandfather Yusuf were also buried.

References[edit]

  • Wakiyate Mamlakate Bijapur by Basheeruddin Dehelvi.
  • Tareekhe Farishta by Kasim Farishta
  • External Relation of Bijapur Adil Shahis.
Preceded by
Mallu Adil Shah
Adil Shahi Rulers of Bijapur
1534–1558
Succeeded by
Ali Adil Shah I