Ibrahim Haji Jama Mee'aad
|Emir of the Islamic Emirate of Somalia|
December 25, 2010 – December 2011
|Preceded by||Moktar Ali Zubeyr (also his successor)|
|Died||20 June 2013
Ibrahim al-Afghani also known as Ibrahim Haji Jama Mee'aad was a prominent member of Somalia's Al-Shabaab, an insurgent group fighting Somalia's Transitional Federal Government. He hails from the Sacad Muse sub-clan of Isaaq. Some reports said he succeeded Moktar Ali Zubeyr (Abdi "Godane") as Emir or top leader, on December 25, 2010, after a power struggle between Godane and other prominent al-Shabaab leaders like Mukhtar Robow (Abu Mansur) and Fuad Shangole. But Godane continued to function as Al-Shabaab's leader. Like Godane, Al-Afghani hails from Somalia's North-Western separatist region of Somaliland and belongs to Somaliland's Northern Isaaq clan.
He was rumored to have been killed in a Predator drone attack on an al-Shabaab training camp south of Kismayo, Somalia on 25 June 2011, but he survived and was reported to have resigned from Al-Shabaab in December 2011. In April 2013, a letter was circulated on extremist websites reportedly penned by Afghani to Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri, criticising Godane's leadership. On 29 June 2013, al-Shabab announced that they had killed Afghani during a gun battle on 20 June 2013 when he resisted arrest, but family members, including Afghani's sister, said that he had been arrested and then executed.
- "Senior Shabaab commander rumored to have been killed in Somalia" Long War Journal July 9, 2011, accessed July 9, 2011
- http://www.somaliareport.com/index.php/post/2281 accessed 6 March 2012
- "Somali Shebab extremists kill two of their own chiefs: spokesman". AFP. 29 June 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
Moktar Ali Zubeyr
| Emir of al-Shabaab
25 December 2010 – December 2011
Moktar Ali Zubeyr
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