Ibrahim Lodi

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Ibrahim Lodi
Sultan of Delhi
Sultan-Ibrahim-Lodhi.jpg
A modern-day Afghan sketch depicting Sultan Ibrahim Lodi
Reign 1517–1526
Coronation 1517, Agra
Died 1526
Buried Panipat, Haryana
Predecessor Sikandar Lodi
Successor Babur
Royal house Lodi dynasty
Father Sikandar Lodi
An awards ceremony in the Sultan Ibrāhīm’s court before being sent on an expedition to Sambhal

Ibrahim Lodi (Pashto: ابراهیم لودي‎, Hindi: इब्राहिम लोदी; born ? – April 21, 1526) became the Sultan of Delhi in 1517 after the death of his father Sikandar. He was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty, reigning for nine years between 1517 until being defeated and killed at the battle of Panipat by Babur's invading army in 1526, giving way to the emergence of the Mughal Empire in India.[1]

Biography[edit]

Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun through his father's side. He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability. He faced a number of rebellions. The Mewar ruler Rana Sangram Singh extended his empire right up to western Uttar Pradesh and threatened to attack Agra. There was rebellion in the East also. Ibrahim Lodi also displeased the nobility when he replaced old and senior commanders by younger ones who were loyal to him. His Afghan nobility eventually invited Babur to invade India. In 1526, the Mughal forces of Babur, the king of Kabulistan, defeated Ibrahim's much larger army in the Battle of Panipat. Ibrahim was killed during the battle. It is estimated that Babur's forces numbered around 25,000-30,000 men and had between 20 to 24 pieces of field artillery. Ibrahim Lodi had around 30,000-40,000 men along with at least 100 war elephants.[2]

Tomb[edit]

His tomb is often mistaken to be the Sheesh Gumbad within Lodi Gardens Delhi. Rather it is actually situated in near the tehsil office in Panipat, close to the Dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar. It is a simple rectangular structure on a high platform approached by a flight of steps. In 1866, the British relocated the tomb during construction of the Grand Trunk Road and renovated it with an inscription highlighting Ibrahim Lodhi’s death in the Battle of Panipat.[3][4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SULṬĀN ĪBRAHĪM BIN SULṬĀN SIKANDAR LODĪ". The Muntakhabu-’rūkh by ‘Abdu-’l-Qādir Ibn-i-Mulūk Shāh, known as Al-Badāoni, translated from the original Persian and edited by George S. A. Ranking, Sir Wolseley Haig and W. H. Lowe. Packard Humanities Institute 1884–1925. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ Davis, Paul K. (1999), 100 Decisive Battles: From Ancient Times to the Present, Oxford University Press, p181.
  3. ^ Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi
  4. ^ Ibrahim Lodi's Tomb
  5. ^ The tale of the missing Lodi tomb The Hindu, Jul 04, 2005.

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sikandar Lodi
Sultan of Delhi
1517–1526
Succeeded by
Babur