Ibrahim Haji Jama Mee'aad

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Ibrahim al-Afghani
Emir of the Islamic Emirate of Somalia
In office
December 25, 2010 – December 2011
Preceded by Moktar Ali Zubeyr (also his successor)
Personal details
Died 20 June 2013
Barawa, Somalia
Political party Al-Shabaab
Religion Islam

Ibrahim al-Afghani also known as Ibrahim Haji Jama Mee'aad was a prominent member of Somalia's Al-Shabaab, an insurgent group fighting Somalia's Transitional Federal Government. He hails from the Sacad Muse sub-clan of Isaaq. Some reports said he succeeded Moktar Ali Zubeyr (Abdi "Godane") as Emir or top leader, on December 25, 2010, after a power struggle between Godane and other prominent al-Shabaab leaders like Mukhtar Robow (Abu Mansur) and Fuad Shangole.[1] But Godane continued to function as Al-Shabaab's leader. Like Godane, Al-Afghani hails from Somalia's North-Western separatist region of Somaliland and belongs to Somaliland's Northern Isaaq clan.

Afghani formerly held positions as the first deputy leader of Al-Shabaab and in charge of finance,[2] and headed of al-Shabaab's Kisimayo administration.[3]

He was rumored to have been killed in a Predator drone attack on an al-Shabaab training camp south of Kismayo, Somalia on 25 June 2011,[4] but he survived and was reported to have resigned from Al-Shabaab in December 2011.[5] In April 2013, a letter was circulated on extremist websites reportedly penned by Afghani to Al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri, criticising Godane's leadership. On 29 June 2013, al-Shabab announced that they had killed Afghani during a gun battle on 20 June 2013 when he resisted arrest, but family members, including Afghani's sister, said that he had been arrested and then executed.[6]


Preceded by
Moktar Ali Zubeyr
Emir of al-Shabaab
25 December 2010 – December 2011
Succeeded by
Moktar Ali Zubeyr