Ice cream parlor
Ice cream parlors (or parlours) are restaurants that sell ice cream, gelato, sorbet, and frozen yogurt to consumers. Ice cream is typically sold as regular ice cream (also called hard-packed ice cream), gelato, and soft serve, which is usually dispensed by a machine with a limited number of flavors (e.g., chocolate, vanilla, and "twist", a mix of the two). It is customary for ice cream parlors to offer several flavors and items.
While the origins of ice cream are often debated, most scholars trace the first ice cream parlor back to France in the 17th century. In 1686, Francesco Procopio del Coltelli opened Paris' first café. The Café Procope, named by its Sicilian founder, introduced gelato to the French public. The dessert was served to its elite guests in small porcelain bowls.
Until 1800, ice cream remained a rare and exotic dessert enjoyed mostly by the elite. The introduction of insulated ice houses in 1800, the first ice cream factory in Pennsylvania in 1851, and industrial refrigeration in the 1870s made manufacturing and storing ice cream much simpler. The first ice cream factory was built by Jacob Fussell, a milk dealer who bought dairy products from Philadelphia farmers and sold them in Baltimore. The mass production of ice cream cut the product's cost significantly, making it more popular and more affordable for people of lower classes. 
In the early 1800s, an early form of an ice cream parlor was existent in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States that sold "all kinds of refreshments, as Ice Cream, Syrups, French Cordials, Cakes, Clarets of the best kind, Jellies, etc." According to one source, the first ice cream parlor opened in New York, United States in 1790.
Gelato is Italian ice cream that contains more milk and less cream compared to ice cream, is denser in consistency, and has a smoother texture. Milk fat in gelato varies from 1-2 percent up to 15%, the latter of which is similar to standard ice cream. Gelato parlors often produce their own product and are less likely to serve American-style ice cream or soft serve. Sorbet is a frozen treat made from fruit, syrup and ice. No milk or cream is used. Frozen yogurt is a common low-fat ice cream alternative with a smooth texture that is similar to soft serve ice cream. All of these frozen products may be sold in ice cream cones, cups, sundaes, and milkshakes. Some parlors may also sell ice cream cakes, ice cream bars and other pre-packaged frozen sweets. In addition to frozen dessert products, some modern ice cream parlors also sell a variety of hot fast foods.
Parlors vary in terms of environment; some only have an order window and outside seating, while others have complete indoor facilities. Additionally, some parlors have drive-through windows. Some parlors remain open all year round (typically in warmer weather locations) and others in colder climates stay open only during warmer months, particularly from March to November. For example, some ice cream parlors in Vienna, Austria close in the winter months. Parlors in major metro areas, including those in colder climates, often remain throughout the year to satisfy high consumer demand for frozen ice creams, yogurts, and sorbets.
Some ice cream parlors in Moscow, Russia offer alcoholic beverages along with ice cream.
Ice cream parlor chains
Because ice cream parlors are located throughout the world, there are both small, local franchises as well as large, global enterprises. Some of the most notable large, global ice cream parlors include Baskin-Robbins, Ben & Jerry's, Bruster's Ice Cream, Carvel, Cold Stone Creamery, Dairy Queen, Dippin' Dots, Friendly's, Häagen-Dazs, and MaggieMoo's Ice Cream and Treatery. Yogurtland, Yogen Früz, and sweetFrog are notable frozen yogurt parlors.
Just as the size, style, and selection within each ice cream parlor may differ, so may its notoriety. Each July in the United States, in honor of National Ice Cream Month, several prominent publications rank the popularity of ice cream parlors throughout the United States. In 2014, Travel + Leisure, National Geographic, Business Insider, Food & Wine, and TripAdvisor published their top ranked ice cream parlors.
- Travel + Leisure: America's Best Ice Cream Shops
- National Geographic: Top 10 Places to Eat Ice Cream
- Business Insider: The 10 Best Ice Cream Shops In The US, According To Pinterest Users
- Food & Wine: Best Ice Cream Spots in the U.S.
- TripAdvisor: Best ice cream parlors in the US, ranked by TripAdvisor users
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- "The History of Ice Cream". International Dairy Foods Association. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
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- Beard, James (2008). Beard on Food: The Best Recipes and Kitchen Wisdom from the Dean of American Cooking. Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 180. ISBN 1596917156. Retrieved March 2013.
- Avey, Tori (10 July 2012). "Explore the Delicious History of Ice Cream". PBS Food. Retrieved 18 February 2015.
- Brown, A. (2010). Understanding Food: Principles and Preparation. Available Titles CourseMate Series. Cengage Learning. p. 536. ISBN 978-0-538-73498-1. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- Tharp, B.W.; Young, L.S. (2012). Tharp & Young on Ice Cream: An Encyclopedic Guide to Ice Cream Science and Technology. Destech Publications, Incorporated. p. 162. ISBN 978-1-932078-68-8. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- James, T. (2009). Mormon Money: And the WACKY WAYS SOME WISE GUYS, A Con-MAN, A Techno-Nerd and the FBI Want to Get to It!. iUniverse. p. 56. ISBN 978-1-4401-3013-7. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- Lupton, P.W.; Stephan, H. (2010). Six Days in Sicily. Books on Demand. p. 106. ISBN 978-3-8391-4844-0. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- Fisher, Dan (September 24, 1977). "Caviar splits may catch Ivan's fancy". The Milwaukee Sentinel. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Austin, Tom; Campbell, Geraldine. "America's Best Ice Cream Shops". Travel + Leisure. Travel + Leisure. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Top 10 Places to Eat Ice Cream". National Geographic. National Geographic.
- Stone, Madeline. "The 10 Best Ice Cream Shops In The US, According To Pinterest Users". Business Insider. Business Insider. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Best Ice Cream Spots in the U.S.". Food & Wine. Food & wine. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Best ice cream parlors in the US, ranked by TripAdvisor users". Fox News. Fox News. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Media related to Ice cream parlors at Wikimedia Commons