Ice hockey at the 1920 Summer Olympics

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Men's ice hockey
at the Games of the VII Olympiad
Winnipegfalcons.jpg
Picture of the Gold Medal-winning Winnipeg Falcons taken en route to the 1920 Olympics (photo includes an unidentified ships' officer and a woman)
Venue Palais de Glace d'Anvers
Dates April 23–29
Competitors 60 from 7 nations
Medalists
Gold medal 
Silver medal 
Bronze medal 
  1924»

Ice hockey was introduced to the Olympic Games at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. The matches were played between April 23 and April 29, 1920. The gold medalists were the Winnipeg Falcons, representing Canada. The silver went to the United States and Czechoslovakia took the bronze. All medals were decided by using the Bergvall system.

All matches took place in the Palais de Glace d'Anvers (ice palace of Antwerp). The rink was smaller than North American standards, measuring 56 metres (184 ft) long by 18 metres (59 ft) wide. All games were played with seven players per side, with the rover position being used.

Medalists[edit]

Palais de Glace d'Anvers ice rink where the ice hockey tournament was held.
Gold Silver Bronze
 Canada (CAN)
Robert Benson
Walter Byron
Frank Fredrickson
Chris Fridfinnson
Magnus Goodman
Haldor Halderson
Konrad Johannesson
Allan Woodman
 United States (USA)
Raymond Bonney
Anthony Conroy
Herbert Drury
Edward Fitzgerald
George Geran
Frank Goheen
Joseph McCormick
Lawrence McCormick
Frank Synott
Leon Tuck
Cyril Weidenborner
 Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Karel Hartmann
Vilém Loos
Jan Palouš
Jan Peka
Karel Pešek
Josef Šroubek
Otakar Vindyš
Karel Wälzer

Participating nations[edit]

A total of 60 ice hockey players from 7 nations competed at the Antwerp Games:

Final tournament[edit]

Seven nations entered teams in the inaugural Olympic ice hockey tournament. The tournament format started with an elimination round to determine the gold medal winner. With only seven teams, France received a bye into the semi-finals.

Gold medal round (premier prix)[edit]

Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
  Canada 15  
  Czechoslovakia 0       Canada 2  
  United States 29       United States 0  
  Switzerland 0         Canada 12
  Sweden 8         Sweden 1
  Belgium 0       Sweden 4
           France 0    
      

Silver medal round (second prix)[edit]

The three teams defeated by Canada in the gold medal round then played against each other to determine the second place team. Czechoslovakia received a bye into the silver medal game.

  Semifinal     Final
                 
      United States 16
    United States 7       Czechoslovakia 0
    Sweden 0  

Bronze medal round (troisième prix)[edit]

Lastly, the three remaining teams that were previously defeated by first place Canada or second place United States played against each other to determine the third place team. Czechoslovakia received a bye into the bronze medal game, which they won.

  Semifinal     Final
                 
      Sweden 0
    Sweden 4       Czechoslovakia 1
    Switzerland 0  

Matches - Gold medal round[edit]

Quarter-Finals
April 23 Palais de Glace d'Anvers  Sweden (SWE) 8 - 0  Belgium (BEL)
Teams: Howander; Svensson, Lundell; Molander; Burman, Lindqvist (capt.), Johansson (5 - 0) Vergult; van Volckxsom, van Volxem; Goeminne; Loicq, Goossens, Deprez
Goals: 1:0 Burman, 2:0 Johansson, 3:0 Burman, 4:0 Lindqvist, 5:0 Burman, 6:0 Johansson, 7:0 Molander, 8:0 Lindqvist
Referee: W. A. Hewitt (CAN)

April 24 Palais de Glace d'Anvers  United States (USA) 29 - 0  Switzerland (SUI)
Teams: Bonney; Tuck, Fitzgerald (capt.); Goheen; J. McCormick, Drury, Conroy (15 - 0) Savoie; Jaccard, Lob; Dufour; Holzboer, Sillig, Cuendet
Goals: Conroy (8), J. McCormick (7), Goheen (6), Drury (6), Fitzgerald, Tuck
Referee: Raoul Le Mat (USA)

April 24 Palais de Glace d'Anvers  Canada (CAN) 15 - 0  Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Teams: Byron; Johannesson, Benson; Woodman; Goodman, Fredrickson (capt.), Halderson (7 - 0) Peka; Vindyš, Palouš; Hartmann; Pešek, Šroubek (capt.), Loos
Goals: Halderson (7), Fredrickson (4), Goodman (2), Woodman, Johannesson
Referee: ?
Semi-Finals
April 25 Palais de Glace d'Anvers  Sweden (SWE) 4 - 0  France (FRA)
Teams: Howander; Lindqvist (capt.), Lundell; Molander; Burman, Svensson, Johansson (2 - 0) Gaittet; Couttet, Chaland; Charpentier; de Rauch, Quaglia, Dary
Goals: 1:0 Burman, 2:0 Svensson, 3:0 Molander, 4:0 Lindqvist
Referee: Garon (CAN)

April 25 Palais de Glace d'Anvers  Canada (CAN) 2 - 0  United States (USA)
Teams: Byron; Johannesson, Benson; Woodman; Goodman, Fredrickson (capt.), Halderson (0 - 0) Bonney; Geran, Fitzgerald (capt.); Goheen; J. McCormick, Drury, Conroy
Goals: 1:0 Fredrickson, 2:0 Johannesson
Referee: Alfred de Rauch (FRA)
Gold Medal Match
April 26 Palais de Glace d'Anvers  Canada (CAN) 12 - 1  Sweden (SWE)
Teams: Byron; Johannesson, Benson; Fridfinnson; Goodman, Fredrickson (capt.), Halderson (5 - 1) Howander; Lindqvist (capt.), Arwe; Svensson; Burman, Mattsson, Johansson
Goals: 1:0 (1:15) Halderson, 2:0 (1:55) Fridfinnson, 3:0 (5:20) Fredrickson, 3:1 (15:58) Svensson, 4:1 (16:00) Fredrickson, 5:1 (17:35) Fredrickson, 6:1 (23:47) Goodman,
7:1 (28:09) Benson, 8:1 (29:15) Fredrickson, 9:1 (29:30) Fredrickson, 10:1 (34:55) Fredrickson, 11:1 (36:20) Halderson, 12:1 (39:02) Fredrickson
Referee: Joseph McCormick (USA)

Matches - Silver medal round[edit]


Semi-Finals
April 27 Palais de Glace d'Anvers  United States (USA) 7 - 0  Sweden (SWE)
Teams: Weidenborner; Geran, Tuck; Goheen; Synott (capt.), Drury, Conroy (5 - 0) Howander; Lindqvist (capt.), Lundell; Arwe; Burman, Svensson, Johansson
Goals: Drury (4), Geran (3)
Referee: ?
Silver Medal Match
April 28 Palais de Glace d'Anvers  United States (USA) 16 - 0  Czechoslovakia (TCH)
Teams: Weidenborner; Fitzgerald, Goheen; Synott; J. McCormick (capt.), L. McCormick, Conroy (7 - 0) Peka; Vindyš, Palouš; Hartmann; Pešek, Šroubek (capt.), Loos
Goals: L. McCormick (7), Drury (4), Conroy (2), J. McCormick, Goheen, Synott
Referee: Paul Loicq (BEL)

Matches - Bronze medal round[edit]


Semi-Finals
April 28 Palais de Glace d'Anvers  Sweden (SWE) 4 - 0  Switzerland (SUI)
Teams: Jansson; Lindqvist (capt.), Lundell; Molander; Säfwenberg, Arwe, Johansson (5 - 0) Savoie; Jaccard, Lob; Dufour; Leuzinger, Sillig, Cuendet
Goals: 1:0 Säfwenberg, 2:0 Johansson, 3:0 Arwe, 4:0 Arwe
Referee: Frank Fredrickson (CAN)
Bronze Medal Match
April 29 Palais de Glace d'Anvers  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1 - 0  Sweden (SWE)
Teams: Wälzer; Vindyš, Palouš; Hartmann; Pešek, Šroubek (capt.), Loos (1 - 0) Howander; Lindqvist (capt.), Lundell; Molander; Burman, Svensson, Johansson
Goals: 1:0 Šroubek
Referee: Frank Fredrickson (CAN)


 1920 Summer Olympics Champions 

Canada
First title

Top scorer[edit]

Team GP G A Pts
United States Herbert Drury 4 14 0 14

Final ranking[edit]

Rank Team GP W L GF GA
1  Canada (CAN) 3 3 0 29 1
Coach: W. A. Hewitt
Robert Benson (Winnipeg Falcons)
Walter Byron (Winnipeg Falcons)
Frank Fredrickson (Winnipeg Falcons)
Chris Fridfinnson (Winnipeg Falcons)
Magnus Goodman (Winnipeg Falcons)
Haldor Halderson (Winnipeg Falcons)
Konrad Johannesson (Winnipeg Falcons)
Allan Woodman (Winnipeg Falcons)
2  United States (USA) 4 3 1 52 2
Coach: Cornelius Fellows
Raymond Bonney (St. Paul A.C.)
Anthony Conroy (St. Paul A.C.)
Herbert Drury (Pittsburgh AA)
Edward Fitzgerald (St. Paul A.C.)
George Geran (Boston AA)
Frank Goheen (St. Paul A.C.)
Joseph McCormick (Pittsburgh AA)
Lawrence McCormick (Pittsburgh AA)
Frank Synott (Boston AA)
Leon Tuck (Boston AA)
Cyril Weidenborner (St. Paul A.C.)
3  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 3 1 2 1 31
Coach: ?
Karel Hartmann
Vilém Loos
Jan Palouš
Jan Peka
Karel Pešek
Josef Šroubek
Otakar Vindyš
Karel Wälzer
4  Sweden (SWE) 6 3 3 17 20
Coach: Raoul Le Mat (USA)
Erik Burman (IK Göta)
Seth Howander (IFK Uppsala)
Albin Jansson (Järva IS)
Georg Johansson (IK Göta)
Einar Lindqvist (IFK Uppsala)
Einar Lundell (IK Göta)
Hansjacob Mattsson (England)
Nils Molander (Berliner Schlittschuh Club)
David Säfwenberg (Berliner Sport Club)
Einar Svensson (IK Göta)
Wilhelm Arwe (IK Göta)
5  Switzerland (SUI) 2 0 2 0 33
Coach: ?
Rodolphe Cuendet
Louis Dufour
Max Holzboer
Marius Jaccard
Bruno Leuzinger
Paul Lob
René Savoie
Max Sillig
6  France (FRA) 1 0 1 0 4
Coach: Garon (CAN)
Jean Chaland
Pierre Charpentier
Henri Couttet
Georges Dary
Alfred de Rauch
Jacques Gaittet
Léonhard Quaglia
7  Belgium (BEL) 1 0 1 0 8
Coach: ?
Maurice Deprez
Paul Goeminne
Jean-Maurice Goossens
Paul Loicq
Philippe van Volckxsom
Gaston van Volxem
François Vergult

References[edit]