Ice hockey at the 1976 Winter Olympics

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Ice hockey at the 1976 Winter Olympics
Tournament details
Host country  Austria
Dates 2-14 February
Teams 12
Final positions
Champions Gold medal blank.svg  Soviet Union (5th title)
Runner-up Silver medal blank.svg  Czechoslovakia
Third place Bronze medal blank.svg  West Germany
Fourth place  Finland
Tournament statistics
Matches played 36
Goals scored 323 (8.97 per match)
Scoring leader(s) Soviet Union Vladimir Shadrin 14 points

At the 1976 Winter Olympics held in Innsbruck, Austria, the USSR team won the Gold Medal in ice hockey. Star forward, Valeri Kharlamov scored the game-winning goal in the final game. Games were held at the Olympiahalle Innsbruck.

Highlights[edit]

The main rivalry in the tournament was between the USSR and Czechoslovakian national teams. The Czechoslovakian team suffered from influenza throughout the tournament, and they finished the game against Poland with only twelve players on the bench. A doping test of one of the players was positive and a loss was recorded for the Czechoslovakian team, although Poland did not receive points.

In the final, Czechoslovakia was up 2-0 after the first period. In the second the score was tied by Vladimir Shadrin and Vladimir Petrov. Eight minutes before the end of the game Edouard Novak scored the third goal for the Czechoslovakian team. But subsequent goals by Aleksandr Yakushev and one minute later by Valeri Kharlamov lead to the victory of the USSR.

Heralded as one of the great moments in German hockey, the West German team won a surprising bronze. With Sweden not participating, Finland (who had finished fourth six years in a row in the world championships) was the expected beneficiary. On the third day of competition, the Finns lost to the Americans, who then needed only a draw against the Germans to clinch a medal. Needing a margin of victory of at least three goals in their final game, Erich Kühnhackl scored four points against the Americans in a four to one victory, pushing the Americans into fifth.

Medalists[edit]

Gold: Silver: Bronze:
 Soviet Union
Vladislav Tretiak
Aleksandr Sidelnikov
Aleksandr Gusev
Vladimir Lutchenko
Sergei Babinov
Yury Lyapkin
Gennadiy Tsygankov
Sergey Kapustin
Aleksandr Maltsev
Boris Aleksandrov
Boris Mikhailov
Alexander Yakushev
Vladimir Petrov
Valeri Kharlamov
Vladimir Shadrin
Valeri Vasiliev
Viktor Shalimov
Viktor Zhluktov
 Czechoslovakia
Jiří Holík
Oldřich Machač
František Pospíšil
Jiří Holeček
Bohuslav Šťastný
Ivan Hlinka
Vladimír Martinec
Eduard Novák
Josef Augusta
Jiří Bubla
Milan Chalupa
Jiří Crha
Miroslav Dvořák
Bohuslav Ebermann
Milan Kajkl
Jiří Novák
Milan Nový
Jaroslav Pouzar
 West Germany
Lorenz Funk
Ernst Köpf, Sr.
Alois Schloder
Rudolf Thanner
Josef Völk
Anton Kehle
Erich Kühnhackl
Rainer Philipp
Klaus Auhuber
Ignaz Berndaner
Wolfgang Boos
Martin Hinterstocker
Udo Kiessling
Walter Köberle
Stefan Metz
Franz Reindl
Ferenc Vozar
Erich Weißhaupt

First round[edit]

In the first round teams were seeded according to their placement in the 1975 World Championships. Winners of this round qualified for Group A to play for 1st-6th places, while the losers competed in Group B for 7th-12th places. Canada had previously withdrawn from international amateur hockey entirely because of disagreements over professionals not being allowed to play, therefore they did not send a team to the 1976 Winter Olympics. Sweden, having several of their top players now playing in the NHL and WHA chose to join Canada in protesting the rules.[1]Additionally qualifiers from East Germany and Norway chose not to play.[2] 1975 ranking appears in parentheses.

  • February 2
    • Poland(5th) 7-4 Romania(11th)
    • Czechoslovakia(2nd) 14-1 Bulgaria(16th)
    • West Germany(8th) 5-1 Switzerland(9th)
  • February 3
    • USSR(1st) 16-3 Austria(17th)
    • Finland(4th) 11-2 Japan(12th)
    • USA(6th) 8-4 Yugoslavia(10th)

Final round[edit]

Finland − West Germany on a Paraguayan stamp

First place team wins gold, second silver and third bronze.

Rank Pld W L T GF GA Pts
1  Soviet Union 5 5 0 0 40 11 10
2  Czechoslovakia 5 3 2 0 17 10 6
3  West Germany 5 2 3 0 21 24 4
4  Finland 5 2 3 0 19 18 4
5  United States 5 2 3 0 15 21 4
6  Poland 5 1 4 0 9 37 0
  • February 6
    • Czechoslovakia 2-1 Finland
    • West Germany 7-4 Poland
    • USSR 6-2 USA
  • February 8
    • Finland 5-3 West Germany
    • USSR 16-1 Poland
    • Czechoslovakia 5-0 USA
  • February 10
    • USSR 7-3 West Germany
    • Poland 1-0* Czechoslovakia
    • USA 5-4 Finland
  • February 12
    • Czechoslovakia 7-4 West Germany
    • USA 7-2 Poland
    • USSR 7-2 Finland
  • February 14
    • USSR 4-3 Czechoslovakia
    • Finland 7-1 Poland
    • West Germany 4-1 USA

* Note: The score after the Czechoslovakia vs Poland match was 7-1, but due to the positive doping test of one of the Czechoslovakian players, the team was recorded a 0-1 loss. Poland didn't receive any points.

Consolation round[edit]

Teams, which lost their games in the qualification round, played in this group.

Rank Pld W L T GF GA Pts
7  Romania 5 4 1 0 23 15 8
8  Austria 5 3 2 0 18 14 6
9  Japan 5 3 2 0 20 18 6
10  Yugoslavia 5 3 2 0 22 19 6
11  Switzerland 5 2 3 0 24 22 4
12  Bulgaria 5 0 5 0 19 38 0
  • February 5
    • Yugoslavia 6-4 Switzerland
    • Romania 3-1 Japan
    • Austria 6-2 Bulgaria
  • February 7
    • Yugoslavia 4-3 Romania
    • Switzerland 8-3 Bulgaria
    • Austria 3-2 Japan
  • February 9
    • Yugoslavia 8-5 Bulgaria
    • Austria 3-4 Romania
    • Japan 6-4 Switzerland
  • February 11
    • Romania 9-4 Bulgaria
    • Austria 3-5 Switzerland
    • Japan 4-3 Yugoslavia
  • February 13
    • Romania 4-3 Switzerland
    • Japan 7-5 Bulgaria
    • Austria 3-1 Yugoslavia

Leading scorers[edit]

Rk GP G A Pts
1 Soviet Union Vladimir Shadrin 6 10 4 14
T2 Soviet Union Aleksandr Maltsev 6 7 7 14
T2 Soviet Union Viktor Shalimov 6 7 7 14
4 Soviet Union Alexander Yakushev 6 4 9 13
5 Germany Erich Kuhnhackl 6 6 5 11
6 Soviet Union Vladimir Petrov 6 6 3 9
T7 Germany Lorenz Funk 6 4 5 9
T7 Germany Ernst Kopf 6 4 5 9
9 Soviet Union Valeri Kharlamov 5 3 6 9
10 United States Bob Dobek 6 3 5 8

Final ranking[edit]

  1.  Soviet Union
  2.  Czechoslovakia
  3.  West Germany
  4.  Finland
  5.  United States
  6.  Poland
  7.  Romania
  8.  Austria
  9.  Japan
  10.  Yugoslavia
  11.  Switzerland
  12.  Bulgaria

References[edit]