Ice hockey at the 2010 Winter Olympics
at the XXI Olympic Winter Games
|Venues||Canada Hockey Place
UBC Winter Sports Centre
|Dates||13–28 February 2010|
|Competitors||444 from 13 nations|
|Men's ice hockey
at the XXI Olympic Winter Games
|Women's ice hockey
at the XXI Olympic Winter Games
|Ice hockey at the 2010 Winter Olympics
Ice hockey at the 2010 Winter Olympics was held at Canada Hockey Place, home of the National Hockey League's Vancouver Canucks, and at UBC Winter Sports Centre, home of the Canadian Interuniversity Sport's UBC Thunderbirds. Twelve teams competed in the men's event and eight teams competed in the women's event. Canada won both tournaments with victories against the United States, while Finland won both bronze games, however against different opponents.
It was the fifth Olympic appearance for Finns Jere Lehtinen and Teemu Selänne, thus making them only the sixth and seventh hockey players to compete at five Olympics after Udo Kießling, Petter Thoresen, Raimo Helminen, Dieter Hegen and Denis Perez. (Helminen remains the only ice hockey player to compete at six Olympics.)
|2||United States (USA)||0||2||0||2|
Changes from previous tournaments
Since NHL players have been allowed to compete, the 2010 tournament marked the first time that the Olympics were held in a city with an NHL team. For the first time, Olympic games were played on a narrower NHL-sized ice rink, measuring 61 m × 26 m (200 ft × 85 ft), instead of the international size of 61 m × 30 m (200 ft × 98.4 ft). By permitting the use of existing venues without rink modifications, this was expected to save $10 million (CAD) in construction costs and allow more spectators to attend games.
This was also the first Olympics in which the four-official system, with two referees and two linesmen, was used during the men's tournament. The NHL began using the two-referee system in the 1998–99 season, while the IIHF first started using it in its major men's championship tournaments in the 2008 IIHF World Championship. However, for the women's tournament in Vancouver, the IIHF used the standard three-official system with one referee and two linesmen, saying that the four-official system is not currently needed in women's international hockey.
The games of the 2010 tournament were held at the 6,800 seat UBC Winter Sports Centre and 18,810 seat General Motors Place, which was renamed Canada Hockey Place during the event because corporate sponsorship is not allowed for an Olympic venue. The games were played on a North American ice surface which is four metres narrower than international rinks, except for the men's quarterfinal game between Czech Republic and Finland, which was played on the international-sized surface of UBC Winter Sports Centre.
The games of the tournament forced the Vancouver Canucks to play the longest road trip in NHL history, playing 14 games over six weeks, from 27 January to 13 March, so that GM Place could be used for the tournament. Because of the Olympics, the ice surface and boards needed to be devoid of advertising and some seating areas needed to be converted to press rows for the duration of the games.
Following negotiations in the National Hockey League's collective bargaining agreement, an agreement was reached allowing NHL participation in both the 2006 and 2010 Winter Olympics. Some NHL team owners opposed having their players participate in the tournament because of concerns that the league's players could get injured or become exhausted. Several players were injured during the 2006 Winter Olympics and were forced to miss NHL games. Gary Bettman addressed the issue saying that several format changes were being discussed, so that the tournament would be "a little easier for everybody."
Qualification for the men's tournament at the 2010 Winter Olympics was structured around the 2008 IIHF World Ranking. The top nine teams in the World Ranking after the 2008 Men's World Ice Hockey Championships received automatic berths into the Olympics, while all remaining member federations could attempt to qualify for the remaining three spots in the Olympics. In October 2008, the four lowest entrants played off for a spot in the first round. Teams then ranked 19th through 30th played in a first qualification round in November 2008, where the top three teams from the round advance to the second qualification round. Teams ranked 10th through 18th joined the three top teams from the first qualifying round to play in a second qualification round. The top three teams from the second qualifying round advanced to the Olympic tournament.
The twelve teams in the men's event are seeded into three groups of four teams. In the preliminary round, a team plays one game against every other team in its own group (for a total of 18 preliminary round games). Following the completion of the preliminary round, the teams are ranked 1 through 12 based on the results. The top four ranked teams receive byes to the quarterfinals, with the remaining eight teams playing for the remaining four quarterfinal positions. Following that, the final eight teams play elimination rounds to determine the gold and silver medals, and the two losing teams of the semi-finals play for the bronze medal. Each team is allowed to have 20 skaters (forwards and defensemen) and two or three goaltenders, all of whom must be citizens of the country they represent.
|Group A||Group B||Group C|
Politicians Wagers on the Game
Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper and US President Barack Obama, through their respective spokesmen, Dimitri Soudas and Robert Gibbs, made friendly wagers on the outcome of the men's gold medal game. As Team Canada won, Harper received a case of Molson Canadian (brewed by Canada's oldest brewery) from Obama on March 19, along with a case of Obama's favourite American beer, Yuengling (brewed by the oldest surviving brewery in the U.S.), both delivered in person to 24 Sussex Drive by US Ambassador David Jacobson and both to be donated to the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto. In settlement of a separate bet, Gibbs wore a Team Canada jersey at his press briefing on March 12, subsequently revealing a Team USA jersey under it.
The women's tournament used a qualification format similar to the system used for the men's tournament. The top six teams in the IIHF Women's World Ranking after the 2008 Women's World Ice Hockey Championships received automatic berths into the Ice Hockey event. Lower ranked teams had an opportunity to qualify for the event. Teams ranked 13th and below were divided into two groups where they played in a first qualification round in September 2008. The two group winners from the round advanced to the second qualification round, where the teams ranked seventh through twelfth joined them.
The eight teams will be split into two divisions of four teams and each team will play three preliminary games. Following the completion of the preliminary round, the top two teams from each division will advance to the medal round and compete in a playoff to determine the gold medalist. The other four will play classification games. Each team is allowed to have between 15 to 18 skaters (forwards and defensemen) and either two or three goaltenders.
A total of eight national teams competed in the women's ice hockey tournament.
|Group A||Group B|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ice hockey at the 2010 Winter Olympics.|
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- "IIHF says one ref is good enough for women's hockey". 2009-04-07. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- "2010 Olympic Format decided". IIHF. 2007-03-30. Retrieved 2009-06-21.
- "Venues–UBC Thunderbird Arena". Vancouver Organizing Committee. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
- "GM Place to get new name for 2010". CTV News. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-07.
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- "Men's Olympic format 2010, four-man official system". Retrieved 2010-02-18.
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- "Men's Tournament Program". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
- "IIHF Eligibility". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
- "Harper flush with beer after winning Olympic hockey bet with Obama". The Star (Toronto). 2010-03-19.
- "White House press secretary wears Canada jersey". CBC News. 2010-03-12.
- "Women's Tournament Program". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
- "Women's Tournament Schedule Proposal". International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2009-03-04.