Icebreaker live at QEH 2010
|Genres||Post-minimalism, minimalism, totalism|
Orange Mountain Music
New Tone Records
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011)|
Icebreaker is a UK-based new music ensemble founded by James Poke and John Godfrey. The group have established themselves as one of the UK's leading new music interpreters specializing particularly in post-minimal and "totalist" repertoire. They always play amplified and have a reputation for playing, by classical standards "seriously loud". More recently they have also incorporated more ambient repertoire, particularly in their version of the Brian Eno album Apollo.
Founding and musical identity 
Icebreaker was formed in 1989 to play at the new Dutch music festival in York. The group consists of 12 musicians, with an instrumentation that includes pan-pipes, saxophones, electric violin and cello, guitars, percussion, drums, accordion and keyboards as well as a sound engineer and production manager. Richard Witts is consultant to the ensemble.
Their repertoire encompasses music by a variety of well-known composers, including Louis Andriessen, Donnacha Dennehy, Brian Eno, Philip Glass, Michael Gordon, Yannis Kyriakides, David Lang, Steve Martland, Michael Nyman, Steve Reich and Diderik Wagenaar. Icebreaker's unusual instrumentation gives the band's music a distinctive sound and allows the blending of contemporary classical, rock and alternative music. The instrumentation evolved from the line up of the Dutch group Hoketus, who had operated between 1977 and 1987, and served as an inspiration and model for the formation of the group. The presence of pairs of pan-pipes and saxophones derives from Icebreaker's performances of several works from the by now defunct Hoketus's repertoire, including the eponymous work by Louis Andriessen.
Icebreaker have made concert appearances in the UK, US and Europe, including the Huddersfield Contemporary Music Festival, the Warsaw, Aarhus, Ghent, Grenoble and Budapest festivals, Sonorities in Belfast, the Baltic Gaida Festival and the NYYD Festival in Estonia, as well as a dedicated Icebreaker festival with the Wiener Musik Galerie in Vienna. In London they have appeared at Meltdown, the ICA, the Place Theatre, the South Bank, the Barbican, the Warehouse, Ocean and the Almeida, among other venues. They have appeared on two Arts Council Contemporary Music Network tours of England. United States appearances include New York's Bang on a Can Festival, the Lincoln Center Festival, and a performance at Carnegie Hall with the American Composers' Orchestra in Stewart Wallace's The Book of Five.
Since 2005 most of Icebreaker's albums have been released on the New York-based label Cantaloupe Music. 2005 saw the release of Cranial Pavement, including music by John Godfrey, Richard Craig, Yannis Kyriakides and Conlon Nancarrow, as well as the worldwide release of the new version of Michael Gordon's Trance. This 52-minute work was originally released on Argo in 1996 and has been completely re-worked and re-mixed for the Cantaloupe version.
Icebreaker's first album Terminal Velocity (music by Andriessen, Gordon, Lang, Gavin Bryars and Damian LeGassick), also originally on Argo, has also been produced in a remastered version for Cantaloupe.
Other albums include Rogue's Gallery (NewTone), with works by Andriessen, Lang, Godfrey, Michael Torke and Steve Martland; a portrait of Diderik Wagenaar (Composers' Voice) and Extraction (between the lines), containing music by LeGassick and Gordon McPherson plus a remix by Mel. Contributions to compilation albums include works by Graham Fitkin (Argo), Steve Martland and John Godfrey (Century XXI A – M / NewTone).
Icebreaker's recording of Apollo, their recent project based on the Brian Eno album Apollo: Atmospheres & Soundtracks, was released in June 2012.
Work with dance 
Tanzwerk Nürnberg, West Australian Ballet and the Pacific Northwest Ballet of Seattle have used Icebreaker's recordings for performances. In June 1998, Ashley Page created Cheating, Lying, Stealing, featuring Icebreaker as guest performers, for The Royal Ballet at Sadler's Wells, a programme which was revived in September/October 2003 and again in April 2009 for Scottish Ballet. AtaXia, a collaboration with Wayne McGregor's company Random Dance, based on Trance, premiered in Sadler's Wells, London in June 2004 with further performances in Amsterdam and New York.
Multi-media work 
The 2003/4 season saw a major multi-media collaboration with the renowned Dutch ensemble Orkest de Volharding, and singer Christina Zavalloni, entitled Big Noise. The project, consisting of four new commissions from leading composers from Britain and Holland (Yannis Kyriakides, Diderik Wagenaar, Joe Cutler and Cornelis de Bondt, each working in conjunction with a video artist (H C Gilje, Hexstatic, Jaap Drupsteen and Thomas Hadley respectively), toured major venues in the UK and the Netherlands.
Other projects have included a further performance of The Book of Five with the Bochum Symphony Orchestra in Germany, recording the music to the independent American film Book of Love, and further work with film.
Educational work 
They have been resident ensemble at the Dartington International Summer School for the advanced composition course led by Louis Andriessen, and have held composition workshops for the SPNM in Bangor and Belfast as well as additional workshops in New York and London. In June 2005 they took part in the Popular Music course at Goldsmiths College in association with John Paul Jones. In April 2009 they performed four new student commissions for the RSAMD in Glasgow.
Internet radio show 
Since 2006 Icebreaker have had a monthly show on Brighton-based totallyradio.com, including interviews with composers and playing a wide range of music in mixed and contrasting genres.
Recent work 
In 2005 Icebreaker were invited to revive Philip Glass's epic 1970 work Music with Changing Parts, which had remained unperformed since the early 1980s. Icebreaker's recording of the piece, based on material recorded live at Dartington College of Arts, was released in spring 2007 on the Orange Mountain Music label.
In 2009 Icebreaker played further performances of Cheating, Lying, Stealing with Scottish Ballet, and appeared at the Huddersfield Contemporary Music Festival in two concerts celebrating Louis Andriessen's 70th birthday. In July 2009 Icebreaker, with guest B. J. Cole on pedal steel guitar, premiered a new arrangement (by Woojun Lee) of Brian Eno's Apollo album, consisting of music by Brian Eno, Roger Eno and Daniel Lanois, at the IMAX cinema at London's Science Museum, alongside Al Reinert's film For All Mankind, for which the music was originally written. An expanded version of the arrangement received further performances at the Brighton Festival in May 2010, before touring later in the year. The album of the music was released in June 2012.
Critical appraisal 
Early critical response 
Critical response to Icebreaker has generally been positive. Their London debut in 1989 was greeted by The Guardian and The Independent in enthusiastic terms: Robert Maycock in The Independent felt that "there is plenty of material here for British audiences to catch up with and Icebreaker have what it takes to deliver it," whilst Meirion Bowen wrote in The Guardian that "Icebreaker deserve an enthusiastic following.". Some more conservative critics have had more problems with the group and its musical direction: Nicholas Kenyon, then a music critic at The Observer, subsequently director of London's Proms, described Icebreaker's music as "unbelievably banal" and Michael Dervan, writing in The Irish Times, described it as "music for the aurally challenged ... or the braindead" and "ideal for the deaf and stoned".
A number of critics have had difficulty with the very loud volumes of Icebreaker's concerts, which, whilst not excessively loud by rock standards, have challenged the ears of more classical critics. Keith Potter, a critic who has often praised Icebreaker's work ("Icebreaker's performers ... play with a passionate commitment as well as the requisite and highly demanding rhythmic precision"), nevertheless complained of the high volume of Icebreaker's 1996 concert at London's Queen Elizabeth Hall: "This concert ... was loud. Seriously loud. It was also designed ... to "ramp up the audience's visual input to an equal energy level" to that of the sound. ... I found all this rather too much to take.". For Brian Hunt, writing in The Daily Telegraph, an April 1995 Icebreaker concert was "too loud and not short enough.". Others have been more enthusiastic: for Christopher Lambton, in The Guardian, a 2003 concert was "loud and all-enveloping, offering an experience closer to a rock concert: Icebreaker... creates the blueprint for live contemporary music."
Icebreaker's albums have met with a very positive response. Terminal Velocity was described by Joshua Kosman in the San Francisco Chronicle as an "electrifying new disc ... superb" and it was described by the American Record Guide as "a stimulating, well-filled disc". Trance was also well-received, particularly in its remastered version: the BBC Music Magazine referred to its "furious precision", whilst Gramophone described parts of it as "genuinely mesmeric".
Responses to Music with Changing Parts included a 4-star review in The Times, and an appreciative review in The Wire ("appealing ... warmth ... vividness"), although Andrew Clements was less enthusiastic in The Guardian, awarding it two stars.
T J Medrek, in the Boston Herald, wrote about Cranial Pavement and the re-released Terminal Velocity that "Icebreaker's music is not only marvelous ear candy but also work of real structure and substance, as demonstrated in two superb new discs"
Further international response 
Icebreaker have garnered further plaudits in the United States and Europe. For Alan Kozinn in The New York Times, the group was "unabashedly virtuosic"; Kyle Gann in The Village Voice described them as "rhythmically engrossing"; Alan Rich in Los Angeles Weekly as "amazing ... high-powered"; and Tristram Lozaw in The Boston Herald as "a harmolodic carnival of battling textures, symphonic discombobulations, and noisy innovations, all delivered with the visceral force of the best rock'n'roll".
In Europe Icebreaker have been "mercilessly exact" (Der Standard, Vienna); "impressive ... fascinating ... almost ecstatic" (NRC Handelsblad, Amsterdam); and "commanding ... impressive " (Niedersächsische Allgemeine).
David Bowie cited Icebreaker in an interview for Q magazine in November 2006, stating that he "would drive a mile" to see Icebreaker play live, describing music from Cranial Pavement as phenomenal.
Members 2013 
- James Poke (artistic director, flutes, pan-pipes, wind-synthesiser, keyboard programming)
- Rowland Sutherland (flutes, pan-pipes, voice)
- Christian Forshaw (saxophone, clarinets)
- Bradley Grant (saxophones, clarinets)
- Dominic Saunders (keyboards)
- Andrew Zolinsky (keyboards)
- Walter Fabeck (keyboards)
- Ian Watson (accordion, keyboards)
- Emma Welton (electric violin)
- Audrey Riley (electric cello, keyboards)
- Dan Gresson (percussion, drums)
- James Woodrow (guitar, bass guitar)
- Pete Wilson (bass guitar)
- Mel (production assistant)
- Ernst Zettl (sound engineer)
Official Bootleg (ICC, 1991, live album, cassette only)
Terminal Velocity (Argo, 1994)
Trance (Argo, 1996)
Rogue's Gallery (New Tone, 1997)
Diderik Wagenaar (Composers' Voice / Donemus, 2001)
Extraction (between the lines, 2001)
Trance (Cantaloupe Music, 2004) (Remix and re-master of Argo album)
Cranial Pavement (Cantaloupe Music, 2005)
Terminal Velocity (Cantaloupe Music, 2005) (Re-master of Argo album)
Music with Changing Parts (Orange Mountain Music, 2007)
Apollo (Cantaloupe Music, 2012)
Appearances on other albums 
Hook, Mesh, Stub, Cud (Argo, 1993)
Short Cuts – Breaking the sound Barrier – An Argo Sampler (Argo, 1994)
Century XXI UK A–M (New Tone, 1996)
Bang on a Can plays Louis Andriessen (Cantaloupe Records)
- Icebreaker Apollo
- MySpace site
- Totally Radio
- Richard Witts
- Bang On A Can
- Cantaloupe Music
- Philip Glass
- Michael Gordon
- Gordon McPherson
- Mel (Ian Mellish)
- Random Dance
- Orkest de Volharding
- Arts Council of England
- The Independent, London, 4 December 1996,http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/classical-music--icebreaker-queen-elizabeth-hall-sbc-london-1312942.html
- Icebreaker Apollo website http://www.icebreakerapollo.co.uk/
- Icebreaker website http://www.icebreaker.org.uk/
- The Herald, Scotland, 27 May 1994, http://www.heraldscotland.com/sport/spl/aberdeen/home-entertainment-1.500779
- The Independent, London, 20 November 2003, http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/features/a-big-noise-in-huddersfield-736303.html
- The Guardian, 25 November 2003, http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/2003/nov/25/classicalmusicandopera
- The Brighton Argus, 27 November 2003, http://www.theargus.co.uk/archive/2003/11/27/Brighton+Hove+Archive/5100348.Big_Noise__Corn_Exchange__Brighton__November_2003/
- Bob Gilmore, liner notes to Music with Changing Parts CD, Orange Mountain Music, 2007
- Robert Maycock, The Independent, London, September 1989
- Meirion Bowen, The Guardian, September 1989
- Michael Dervan, The Irish Times, 10 May 1995
- Michael Dervan, The Irish Times, February 2004
- Keith Potter, The Independent, 14 November 2001
- Keith Potter, The Independent, 4 December 1996
- Brian Hunt, The Daily Telegraph, April 1994
- Christopher Lambton, The Guardian, 15 November 2003
- Joshua Kosman, San Francisco Chronicle, 12 June 1994
- De Jong, American Record Guide, 1995,
- Roger Thomas, BBC Music Magazine, February 2004
- Barry Witherden, Gramophone, March 2004
- Geoff Brown, The Times, 27 April 2007
- Andy Hamilton, The Wire, August 2007
- Andrew Clements, The Guardian, 2007
- T J Medrek, The Boston Herald, 18 March 2005
- Alan Kozinn, The New York Times, May 1991
- Kyle Gann, The Village Voice, May 1991
- Alan Rich, Los Angeles Weekly, May 1994
- Tristram Lozaw, Boston Herald, May 1997
- Der Standard, September 1999
- Isabella Lanz, NRC Handelsblad, April 2005
- Georg Pepl, Niedersächsische Allgemeine, 8 October 2007
- Q, November 2006, page 86