Icelandic Constitutional Assembly
||It has been suggested that Icelandic Constitutional Assembly election, 2010 be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since June 2012.|
An Icelandic Constitutional Assembly (Stjórnlagaþing) for the purpose of reviewing the Constitution of the Republic was summoned by an act of Althingi, the Icelandic parliament, on 16 June 2010 as a consequence of the Kitchenware Revolution. In an election on 27 November 2010, 25 delegates were elected. On 25 January 2011, following complaints about several faults in how the election was conducted, the Supreme Court of Iceland invalidated the results of the election. The parliament began the same day with deliberations on whether and how to continue the process, and they decided that those 25 elects would be a part of a Constitutional Council and the Constitutional change went on. On 29 July 2011 the draft was presented to the Parliament.
Act on a Constitutional Assembly
According to the Act on a Constitutional Assembly no. 90/2010, a special Constitutional Assembly will gather for the purpose of reviewing the Constitution of the Republic, no. 33 of 17 June 1944. The Assembly was to be composed of 25 delegates that were elected by direct personal election. The Assembly had to convene by 15 February 2011 and finish its work no later than 15 April 2011.
The Assembly is to prepare a proposal for a revised Constitution of the Republic and when the Assembly has passed the constitutional bill, it shall be sent to the Althingi, which is constitutionally responsible for the passing of laws to change the Constitution. After its decision, elections need to be called, in which the electorate makes the final decision on changes to the constitution. The aim of the Assembly is to enable a "dialogue between the peoples and their legislature". The Constitutional Assembly builds on National Forum 2010 (Þjóðfundur) of 1000 citizens which developed themes for the new constitution on 6 November 2010.
The Assembly will for the first time in Iceland's history review broad areas of the constitution:
The Constitutional Assembly is also empowered to address additional matters beyond “reviewing the Constitution of the Republic”.
Elections to the Constitutional Assembly
A referendum on the draft constitution was held on 20 October 2012.
- National Forum 2010.
- Official website (English)