Icelandic parliamentary election, October 1959

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Early parliamentary elections were held in Iceland on 25 and 26 October 1959.[1] Following the electoral reforms made after the June elections, the Independence Party won 16 of the 40 seats in the Lower House of the Althing.[2]

Electoral reforms[edit]

The June 1959 elections had ended with both the Independence Party and the Progressive Party winning 13 seats, despite the IP receiving 42.5% of the vote to the PP's 27.2%.[3] The electoral system involved a mix of single member constituencies, two-member constituencies elected using proportional representation (PR) and one large multi-member constituency for Reykjavík that also used PR.[4]

The reforms saw the creation of eight multi-member constituencies elected using PR together with 11 compensatory seats.[4] The number of seats for Reykjavík was also increased,[4] increasing the overall total in the Lower House from 35 to 40 and in the Upper House from 17 to 20.[5]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Lower House Upper House
Seats +/– Seats +/–
Independence Party 33,800 39.7 16 +3 8 +1
Progressive Party 21,882 25.7 11 –2 6 0
People's Alliance 13,621 16.0 7 +2 3 +1
Social Democratic Party 12,909 15.2 6 +2 3 +1
National Preservation Party 2,883 3.4 0 0 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 1,331
Total 86,426 100 40 +5 20 +3
Registered voters/turnout 95,637 90.4
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p961 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p976
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, pp970-976
  4. ^ a b c Nohlen & Stöver, p955
  5. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, pp976-978