Ichihara, Chiba

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Ichihara
市原市
City
City of Ichihara1.JPG
Flag of Ichihara
Flag
Official seal of Ichihara
Seal
Location of Ichihara in Chiba Prefecture
Location of Ichihara in Chiba Prefecture
Ichihara is located in Japan
Ichihara
Ichihara
 
Coordinates: 35°30′N 140°07′E / 35.500°N 140.117°E / 35.500; 140.117Coordinates: 35°30′N 140°07′E / 35.500°N 140.117°E / 35.500; 140.117
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Chiba Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Takayoshi Sakuma (since June 2003)
Area
 • Total 368.20 km2 (142.16 sq mi)
Population (April 2012)
 • Total 279,065
 • Density 758/km2 (1,960/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Ginkgo
- Flower Cosmos
- Bird Japanese Bush-warbler
Phone number 0436-22-1111
Address 1-1-1 Kokubunjidai Chūō, Ichihara-shi, Chiba-ken 290-8501
Website City of Ichihara
Ichihara City Hall

Ichihara (市原市 Ichihara-shi?) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan.

As of April 2012, the city has an estimated population of 279,065 and a population density of 758 persons per km². The total area is 368.20 km².

The city is home, together with Chiba City, to the JEF United soccer team.

Geography[edit]

Ichihara is located in the western part of the Bōsō Peninsula, and geographically is the largest of Chiba Prefecture's cities and towns. The highly industrialized northern part of the city sits on Tokyo Bay, while the southern part of the city is primarily mountainous. Ichihara, dense in housing developments, serves as a satellite town of Tokyo and Chiba City.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

The area of modern Ichihara is the center of ancient Kazusa province. The ruins of the Nara period Kazusa kokubun-ji have been found within the borders of Ichihara, although the exact location of the Nara-period provincial capital remains uncertain. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested between the Chiba clan to the north, and the Satomi clan to the south. During the Edo period, the area was divided between Goi Domain, Tsurumaki Domain and large areas of tenryō territory controlled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate and administered by various hatamoto. During the Meiji period, the area was reorganized into 171 villages under Ichihara District, Chiba Prefecture. By 1945, these villages had been consolidated into five towns and 16 villages. Through further consolidation and mergers, the city of Ichihara was founded on May 1, 1963. On October 1, 1967, the neighboring town of Nansō, and village of Kamo were merged into Ichihara.

2011 earthquake[edit]

On Friday, March 11, 2011 the city was struck by the Tōhoku earthquake. Natural gas storage tanks at the Cosmo oil refinery in Ichihara were set on fire by the earthquake.[1][2]

Economy[edit]

The city's economy is fueled by a large industrial complex overlooking Tokyo Bay. It contains the largest number of oil refineries in Japan, as well as power, petrochemical and shipbuilding companies.[3]

Crime and safety[edit]

The Soai-kai yakuza syndicate is headquartered in Ichihara.[4] A designated yakuza group, the Soai-kai is the three dominating yakuza syndicates in Chiba Prefecture, along with the Sumiyoshi-kai and the Inagawa-kai.[5]

Education[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Sister city relations[edit]

Noted people from Ichihara[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Japan earthquake causes oil refinery inferno". Daily Telegraph, London, 11 March 2011, Retrieved 11 March 2011
  2. ^ "Natural gas storage tanks burn at Cosmo oil refinery in Ichihara city". Reuters AlertNet. 11 March 2011, Retrieved 11 March 2011
  3. ^ "An Outline of Ichihara City". Archived from the original on 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2008-03-23. 
  4. ^ "2010 Police White Paper Chapter 2 : Furtherance of Organized Crime Countermeasures", 2010, National Police Agency (Japanese)
  5. ^ "Condition of Boryokudan", as of late 2010, Chiba Prefectural Police (Japanese)

External links[edit]