Ichiki Kitokurō

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Ichiki Kitokurō
Kitokuro Ichiki.jpg
Born (1867-05-07)May 7, 1867
Kakegawa, Shizuoka, Japan
Died December 17, 1944(1944-12-17) (aged 77)
Nationality Japanese
Occupation Cabinet Minister, Legal Scholar
In this Japanese name, the family name is "Ichiki".

Baron Ichiki Kitokurō (一木 喜徳郎?, 7 May 1867 – 17 December 1944) was a statesman, politician and cabinet minister in Taishō and early Shōwa period Japan.

Biography[edit]

Ichiki was born is what is now Kakegawa, Shizuoka Prefecture, where his father, an entrepreneur and politician, was a student of the philosophies of Ninomiya Sontoku.

Ichiki graduated from the Tokyo Imperial University in 1887 and entered the Home Ministry the same year. In 1890, he was sent to Germany for further studies, returning to Japan in 1894. On his return, he became a professor of law at Tokyo Imperial University, and in 1906 became a member of the prestigious Imperial Academy. From September 1907 through August 1918, he was appointed to one of the seats in the House of Peers in the Diet of Japan which were reserved for the Imperial Academy.

From 1902-1906, Ichiki also served as Director-General of the Cabinet Legislation Bureau. He served again in the same capacity from 1912-1913. He first joined the Cabinet under the 2nd Ōkum administration in 1914 as Minister of Education. The following year, he was appointed Home Minister. In 1925, Ichiki became Imperial Household Minister.

Ichiki was awarded the Order of the Sacred Treasure (1st class) in December 1915, and the Order of the Rising Sun (1st class) in July 1916. He attained the Order of the Paulownia Flowers in December 1928, and was ennobled with the title of danshaku (baron) in the kazoku peerage system in 1933.

From 1934 to 1936, Ichiki was chairman of the Privy Council. This coincided with a period of considerable controversy over the role of the monarchy in Japan, especially centered around the works of Tatsukichi Minobe, a professor of constitutional law at Tokyo Imperial University and one of Ichiki’s former students.

After the assassination of former Prime Minister Saitō Makoto in the February 26 Incident in 1936, he held the post of Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan for 1 day only on 6 March 1936, as an interim measure, but was effectively forced into retirement by his political nemesis, Hiranuma Kiichirō. He retired to his native Kakegawa, and on his death was awarded with the Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum. His grave is at the Yanaka Cemetery in Tokyo.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Ōoka Ikuzō
Minister of Education
16 April 1914 - 10 August 1915
Succeeded by
Takata Sanae
Preceded by
Ōkuma Shigenobu
Home Minister
10 August 1915 - 9 October 1916
Succeeded by
Gotō Shinpei
Preceded by
Kuratomi Yuzaburō
Chairman, Privy Council
5 May 1934 – 13 March 1936
Succeeded by
Hiranuma Kiichirō