Ichirō Hatoyama

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Not to be confused with Iichirō Hatoyama.
In this Japanese name, the family name is "Hatoyama".
Ichirō Hatoyama
鳩山 一郎
52 HatoyamaI.jpg
Prime Minister of Japan
In office
10 December 1954 – 23 December 1956
Monarch Shōwa
Preceded by Shigeru Yoshida
Succeeded by Tanzan Ishibashi
Personal details
Born (1883-01-01)1 January 1883
Died 7 March 1959(1959-03-07) (aged 76)
Political party Liberal Democratic Party (1955–1959)
Other political
affiliations
Friends of Constitutional Government (Before 1945)
Liberal Party (1945–1950)
Democratic Party (1950–1955)
Spouse(s) Kaoru
Children Iichiro
Yuriko
Reiko
Setsuko
Keiko
Nobuko
Religion Baptist
Signature

Ichirō Hatoyama (鳩山 一郎 Hatoyama Ichirō?, 1 January 1883 – 7 March 1959) was a Japanese politician and the 52nd,[1] 53rd and 54th Prime Minister of Japan, serving terms from 10 December 1954 through 19 March 1955,[2] from then to 22 November 1955,[3] and from then through 23 December 1956.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Ichirō Hatoyama was, as his name indicates, the first born boy. He was born into a wealthy cosmopolitan family in Tokyo. His father Kazuo Hatoyama (1856–1911) was a Yale graduate (and Speaker of the House of Representatives) and his mother Haruko Hatoyama (1863–1938) was a famous author and the founder of Kyoritsu Women's University.[5]

Ichirō was a Master Mason and a Protestant Christian (Baptist). He was Japan's third postwar Christian Prime Minister.[6]

Iichirō Hatoyama, Ichirō's only son, made a career for himself as a civil servant in the Budget Bureau of the Finance Ministry. Iichirō retired after having achieved the rank of administrative Vice Minister. In his second career in politics, he rose to become Foreign Minister of Japan in 1976–1977.[7]

One of Ichirō's grandsons, Yukio Hatoyama, became prime minister in 2009 as a member of the Democratic Party of Japan.

Political career[edit]

Ichirō was elected to the House of Representatives as a Rikken Seiyūkai member in 1915. He was about to become prime minister in 1946, but was barred from politics for five years by Supreme Commander Allied Powers because they thought he had co-operated with the authoritarian government in the 1930s and 1940s.[8] He was allowed to return in 1951. As prime minister in 1955, he rebuilt diplomatic ties with the Soviet Union,[9][10] and favored parole for some of the Class A war criminals who had been sentenced to life imprisonment by the Tokyo Trial.[11]

CIA files that were declassified in 2005 and then publicized in January 2007 by the U.S. National Archives detail a plot by ultranationalists to assassinate then prime minister Shigeru Yoshida and install a more hawkish government led by Ichirō Hatoyama in 1952.[12] The plot was never carried out.

Hatoyama family and freemasonry[edit]

Kaoru, Iichirō, Ichirō, and Yukio.

Ichirō and some members of Hatoyama family are known as advocates of fraternity. During the purge against Ichirō (1946–1951), he received an English book The Totalitarian State against Man originally written in German by an Austrian freemason Richard Nikolaus von Coudenhove-Kalergi from a professor of Waseda University Kesazō Ichimura (1898–1950) who wanted Ichirō to translate the English book into Japanese.[13] The English book struck a sympathetic chord in Ichirō, and he began to advocate fraternity, also known as yūai (友愛) in Japanese.[14][15]

On March 29, 1951, he was initiated as 1st degree of freemason,[16] and on March 26, 1955, passed as 2nd degree mason, and raised as 3rd degree mason.[17][18]

Ichirō Hatoyama, Yukio Hatoyama, and Kunio Hatoyama.

His grandsons are advocates of fraternity. However, when a Japanese press asked Yukio Hatoyama's office and the masonic grand lodge of Japan whether Yukio Hatoyama was a freemason, his office denied it and the grand lodge of Japan didn't answer it.[19] At least, on his grandson Kunio Hatoyama, the brother of Yukio, on a Japanese TV program TAKAJIN NO MONEY on August 25, 2012,[20] his partner Emily's Australian father was a member of freemasonry. He said so, and said he had swum in a masonic pool with her at Tokyo when he had started to going steady with her. Although he didn't say he himself was a mason or not, he insisted that he had not been invited to freemasonry, and he guessed his brother Yukio as a freemason.

Yukio and Kunio became the officers of a fraternal organization named Yuai Kyokai (or Yuai Association[21]) with their sister Kazuko,[22] founded by their grandfather Ichirō who became the first president of the former organization in 1953. And also Ichirō's son Iichirō became the third president of the same former organization.[23]

The granddaughter and two grandsons of Ichiro's founded a fraternal school Hatoyama Yuai-Jyuku at Hatoyama Hall (Hatoyama kaikan) on April 2008.[24]

Honours[edit]

From the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum (1959; posthumous)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jorden, William J. "Hatoyama Named Premier of Japan; Brief Rule Seen; Democrats' Leader Is Chosen After Pledge to Socialists of Elections in Spring", The New York Times. 10 December 1954; "Hatoyama Reaches Lifelong Goal That Twice Before Eluded Him; Premiership Denied Him First by Japan's Pre-War Militarists and Then by Allied Occupation Authorities", The New York Times. 10 December 1954.
  2. ^ Trumbull, Robert. "Hatoyama Regime Victor as Japan Elects New House; Democratic Party Premier Due to Keep His Post – Poll Sets a Record; Hatoyama Leads in Japanese Vote", The New York Times. 28 February 1955.
  3. ^ Trumbull, Robert. "Japan's Rightists will Unite Today; Democrats and Liberals Will Merge – Present Premier Will Be Re-elected Nov. 22", The New York Times. 15 November 1955.
  4. ^ "Ishibashi Is Chosen Japanese Premier", The New York Times. 20 December 1956
  5. ^ "Hatoyama Ichiro (prime minister of Japan)". Britannica. 7 March 1959. Retrieved 29 August 2009. 
  6. ^ "Land of the Reluctant Sparrows". TIME. 14 March 1955. Retrieved 29 August 2009. ; "Tokyo Storm Center; Ichiro Hatoyama Likes Hymn-Singing", The New York Times. 18 October 1956.
  7. ^ "Iichiro Hatoyama; Ex-Foreign Minister, 75" (obituary), The New York Times. 20 December 1993.
  8. ^ Crane, Burton. "Hatoyama Barred by MacArthur Order; Directive Forbidding Him to Take Diet Seat Rules Him Out as Japan's Premier", The New York Times. 4 May 1946; Crane, Burton. "Hatoyama Voices Surprise at Order; Challenges Ground Upon Which He Is Barred From Holding Office in Japan", The New York Times. 5 May 1946.
  9. ^ Jorden, William J. "Hatoyama Takes Plea to Bulganin; Return of Some Isles Urged at Moscow Peace Parley --Treaty Reported Near Goodwill Aspect Stressed", The New York Times. 18 October 1956.
  10. ^ Odaka, Konosuke (2002). "The Evolution of Social Policy in Japan". World Bank. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  11. ^ Trumbull, Robert. "Japan Urges U.S. Free War Guilty; Continued Appeals Are Based Largely on Dire Straits of Prisoners' Families", The New York Times. 21 June 1955.
  12. ^ "CIA Papers Reveal Japan Coup Plot". Military. Retrieved 29 August 2009. 
  13. ^ "第471号" (PDF). Newsletter "友愛". Yuai Association. 2004-09-10. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 今朝蔵は、「この本の翻訳は鳩山一郎さんにして貰おう。 (中略) 鳩山さんは往年の優等生だから、この位の翻訳軽く出来るよ。歴代の総理大臣でこれだけの本を出版した人なんて誰もいない。その日の為にもこの翻訳をしておいて貰いたいんだ」などと一寸おしゃべりして雲場ヶ池の鳩山家の別荘に自転車で出かけて行ったそうである。 
  14. ^ Hatoyama, Ichirō (1957). 鳩山一郎回顧録. Tokyo: Bungeishunjū. 
  15. ^ "2006年8月 鳩山一郎・薫ご夫妻銅遷座式". Yuai Association. Retrieved 2 May 2013. クーデンホフカレルギーの著書に共鳴自ら「自由と人生」と題して訳出した 
  16. ^ Akama, Gō (1983). フリーメーソンの秘密 世界最大の結社の真実. Tokyo: San-ichi Publishing. p. 79. 
  17. ^ Tim Wangelin. "Freemasonry and Modern Japanese History". Freemasonry in Japan. Far East Lodge No. 1. Retrieved 2 May 2013. On March 26, 1955, Ichiro Hatoyama and Yahachi Kawai, both Entered Apprentices (First Degree Masons), were made Fellowcrafts (Second Degeree Masons), and raised to Master Masons. 
  18. ^ "New Master Mason". Toledo Blade. March 26, 1955. Retrieved 2 May 2013. TOKYO, March 26 (AP)—Prime Minister Ichiro Hatoyama became a master mason today. 
  19. ^ Weeklypost (2012-02-14). "鳩山氏改名とフリーメイソンの関係噂は「事実無根」と事務所". Livedoor news. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  20. ^ "たかじんNOマネー". 関西版TVトピック検索. tvtopic.goo.ne.jp. 2012-08-25. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "Yuai Association". Yuai Association. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  22. ^ "役員". Yuai Association. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  23. ^ "3代目会長 鳩山 威一郎". Yuai Association. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  24. ^ hatoyama-yuai-jyuku.com

For further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Shigeru Yoshida
Prime Minister of Japan
1954–1956
Succeeded by
Tanzan Ishibashi
Preceded by
Ryūzō Tanaka
Minister of Education
1931–1934
Succeeded by
Makoto Saitō
Preceded by
Seiji Tsukamoto
Chief Cabinet Secretary
1927–1929
Succeeded by
Fujiya Suzuki
Party political offices
Preceded by
Himself
Taketora Ogata
Bukichi Miki
Bamboku Ōno
President of the Liberal Democratic Party
1956
Succeeded by
Tanzan Ishibashi
New political party President of the Liberal Democratic Party
1955–1956
Served alongside: Taketora Ogata, Bukichi Miki, Bamboku Ōno
Succeeded by
Himself
New political party President of the Japan Democratic Party
1954–1955
"conservative merger" with Liberal Party
New political party President of the Liberal Party
1945–1946 (purged)
Succeeded by
Shigeru Yoshida
Preceded by
Kisaburō Suzuki
Acting President of Rikken Seiyūkai
1937–1939
Served alongside: Yonezō Maeda, Toshio Shimada, Chikuhei Nakajima
Succeeded by
Fusanosuke Kuhara
Chikuhei Nakajima
House of Representatives of Japan
Preceded by
Sanzō Nosaka
...
Representative for Tokyo's 1st district (multi-member)
1952–1959
Served alongside: Inejirō Asanuma, several others
Succeeded by
Seiichirō Yasui
...
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Representative for Tokyo's 1st district (multi-member)
1946–1946 (purged)/1947
Served alongside: Inejirō Asanuma, Sanzō Nosaka numerous others
District eliminated
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Representative for Tokyo's 2nd district (multi-member)
1928–1943 (retired)/1946
Served alongside: Isoo Abe, Takeru Inukai, numerous others
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Representative for Tokyo's 10th district
1920–1928
District eliminated
Preceded by
Masutarō Takagi
...
Representative for Tokyo's Tokyo city district (multi-member)
1915–1920
Served alongside: Bukichi Miki, Keikichi Tanomogi, numerous others
District eliminated