Ichnia

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Ichnia
Ічня
Town
Church of Transfiguration of Jesus on the river Ichen’ka
Church of Transfiguration of Jesus on the river Ichen’ka
Coat of arms of Ichnia
Coat of arms
Ichnia is located in Ukraine
Ichnia
Ichnia
Location of Ichnia
Coordinates: 50°51′00″N 32°24′00″E / 50.85000°N 32.40000°E / 50.85000; 32.40000Coordinates: 50°51′00″N 32°24′00″E / 50.85000°N 32.40000°E / 50.85000; 32.40000
Country  Ukraine
Oblast Chernihiv Oblast
Founded 14th century
Сity status on 1957
Area
 • Total 16.16 km2 (6.24 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total Decrease 11,400
 • Density 780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 16700-16703
Area code(s) +380-4633
Website http://ichadm.cg.gov.ua

Ichnia (Ukrainian: Ічня) is a town in the Chernihiv Oblast of Ukraine, located on the river Ichen'ka. It is the center of a raion of the same name.

Brief history[edit]

The city got its name from the river named Ichena (or Ichen'), which was in time renamed into Ichen’ka.

The first information about Ichnia dates back to the 14th century. From the 14th to 16th centuries, it was ruled by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

In the middle of the 16th century, Ichnia was granted with the status of a market town. In 1666, a town hall was built. Probably at this time, the Ichnia's castle was built. Residents of the city participated in the struggle against the Swedish army of Charles XII of Sweden during the Great Northern War.

In 1748, Ichnia's 20 households belonged to Knyaz N. Saakadze, and 119 households - Colonel from Pryluky G. Galagan. The town had a distillery, 6 water mills, and a brickyard.

Vasily Sternberg. Fair in Ichnia (1830s)

As of 1788, three annual fairs were held in Ichnia, in which residents traded bread, cattle, victuals, and wooden utensils.

There were four schools in Ichnia in the 18th century.

In 1812, the Cossacks of Ichnia fought in the Chernigov Regiment during French invasion of Russia.

At the beginning of the 19th century, landowner G. Galagan founded a cloth factory in the town, as well as a sugar factory, 2 distilleries, brick factories, and saltpeter factories.

In 1894, the town was included into a local railroad connection. In 1897, there were four stone churches. The town operated a post office, hospital, rural and ministerial school, and library.

In 1957, Ichnia received the status of a town.

At present, the leading industry in Ichnia is the food industry (alcohol, tobacco, feed mill, canning, and cheese-milk powder).

Notable natives[edit]

Sonia Greene (16 March 1883 - 26 December 1972) - a one-time pulp fiction writer and amateur publisher, a single mother, business woman, and successful milliner, who bankrolled several fanzines in the early 20th century.

Ivan Martos (1754 — 5 April 1835) - a Russian sculptor and art teacher of Ukrainian origin, who helped awaken Russian interest in Neoclassical sculpture.

References[edit]