Ichthyophis

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Ichthyophis
Caecilian wynaad1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Amphibia
Subclass: Lissamphibia
Order: Gymnophiona
Family: Ichthyophiidae
Genus: Ichthyophis
Fitzinger, 1826
Species

See text

Ichthyophis is a genus of caecilians (limbless amphibians, sometimes called the Asian caecilians) found in Southeast Asia, the southern Philippines, and the western Indo-Australian Archipelago.

In Sri Lanka, three species occur, and all are found in almost all habitats, preferring moister ones. The most common is Ichthyophis glutinosus, which is found in almost all altitudes; the others are I. orthoplicatus, which is found in similar habitat to I. glutinosus, but is never found in lowlands below 460 metres (1,510 ft) above sea level; and I. pseudangularis, found in lowlands below 1,200 metres (3,900 ft) ASL. A new species was recently discovered called Ichthyophis multicolor

Species[edit]

Binomial name and author Common name
I. acuminatus Taylor, 1960 pointed-headed caecilian
I. atricollaris Taylor, 1965 Long Bloee caecilian
I. bannanicus Yang, 1984 Banna caecilian
I. beddomei Peters, 1880 yellow-striped caecilian
I. bernisi Salvador, 1975 Indonesian caecilian
I. biangularis Taylor, 1965 angular caecilian
I. billitonensis Taylor, 1965 Billiton Island caecilian
I. bombayensis Taylor, 1960 Bombay caecilian
I. dulitensis Taylor, 1960 Mount Dulit caecilian
I. elongatus Taylor, 1965 elongated caecilian
I. garoensis Pillai & Ravichandran, 1999 Garo Hills caecilian
I. glandulosus Taylor, 1923 Basilan Island caecilian
I. glutinosus (Linnaeus, 1758) Ceylon caecilian
I. humphreyi Taylor, 1973 Humphrey's caecilian
I. husaini Pillai & Ravichandran, 1999 Husain's caecilian
I. hypocyaneus (Boie, 1827) Bantam caecilian
I. javanicus Taylor, 1960 Javan caecilian
I. kodaguensis Wilkinson, Gower, Govindappa & Venkatachalaiah, 2007 Kodagu striped caecilian
I. kohtaoensis Taylor, 1960 Koa Tao Island caecilian
I. laosensis Taylor, 1969 Upper Laos caecilian
I. longicephalus Pillai, 1986 long-headed caecilian
I. mindanaoensis Taylor, 1960 Mindanao Island caecilian
I. monochrous (Bleeker, 1858) Western Borneo caecilian
I. orthoplicatus Taylor, 1965 Pattipola caecilian
I. paucisulcus Taylor, 1960 Siantar caecilian
I. pseudangularis Taylor, 1965 Taylor's caecilian
I. sikkimensis Taylor, 1960 Sikkimese caecilian
I. singaporensis Taylor, 1960 Singapore caecilian
I. sumatranus Taylor, 1960 Sumatra caecilian
I. supachaii Taylor, 1960 Supachai's caecilian
I. tricolor Annandale, 1909 three-colored caecilian
I. youngorum Taylor, 1960 Doi Suthep caecilian

References[edit]

  • Frost, Darrel R. 2008. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.2 (15 July 2008). Ichthyophis. Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.php. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. (Accessed: August 13, 2008).
  • AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2008. Berkeley, California: Ichthyophis. AmphibiaWeb, available at http://amphibiaweb.org/. (Accessed: August 13, 2008).
  • Himstedt, Werner. "Caecilian Ecology". In Hofrichter, Robert. Amphibians: The World of Frogs, Toads, Salamanders and Newts. New York: Firefly. pp. 186–190. ISBN 1-55209-541-X.