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Iclazepam (Clazepam) is a drug which is a benzodiazepine derivative. It has sedative and anxiolytic effects similar to those produced by other benzodiazepine derivatives, and is around the same potency as chlordiazepoxide.
Iclazepam is a derivative of nordazepam substituted with a cyclopropylmethoxyethyl group on the N1 nitrogen. Once in the body, iclazepam is quickly metabolised to nordazepam and its N-(2-hydroxyethyl) derivative, which are thought to be mainly responsible for its effects.
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- Giudicelli JF, Berdeaux A, Idrissi N, Richer C. Clazepam: pharmacokinetics and effects on performance. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 1978 Jan;5(1):65-9.