Ida-Viru County

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Ida-Viru County
County of Estonia
Skyline of Ida-Viru County
Flag of Ida-Viru County
Flag
Coat of arms of Ida-Viru County
Coat of arms
Location of Ida-Viru County
Country Estonia
Capital Jõhvi
Government
 • Governor Ago Silde
Area
 • Total 3,364 km2 (1,299 sq mi)
Population (Jan 2014[1])
 • Total 149,483
 • Density 44/km2 (120/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code EE-44
Vehicle registration I
Website www.ida-virumaa.ee

Ida-Viru County (Estonian: Ida-Viru maakond, Russian: И́да-Ви́руский уезд), or Ida-Virumaa, is one of 15 counties of Estonia. It is the most north-eastern part of the country. The county contains large deposits of oil shale - the main mineral mined in Estonia. As oil shale is used in thermal power plants, the earth in Ida-Viru contains most of Estonia's energy resources. The capital of the county is the town of Jõhvi which is administratively united with the Jõhvi Parish. In January 2014 Ida-Viru County had a population of 149,483 – constituting 12.6% of the total population in Estonia.[1]

History[edit]

During the latter part of the period of Soviet rule of Estonia, Ida-Virumaa was called Kohtla-Järve district, and its administrative capital was Kohtla-Järve.

County Government[edit]

The County Government (Estonian: Maavalitsus) is led by a Governor (Estonian: maavanem), who is appointed by the country's government for a term of five years. Since August 2004 the governor's position is held by Ago Silde. The current governor of Ida-Viru county is Andres Noormägi.

Demographics[edit]

The population of Ida-Viru county declined from 221,807 in 1990 to 168,656 in 2010.

In January 2010, the population of Ida-Virumaa was 168,656, which makes the second largest county in Estonia (after Harjumaa, which includes Tallinn). 44.6% of the population are men and 55.4% women.[1]

By ethnic origin, on 1 January 2013, 72.8% of the population were Russians, 19.5% were Estonians, 2.3% were Ukrainians, 2.2% were Belarusians and 0.9% were Finns.[1] This is dramatically different from the rest of Estonia, where most counties are over 80% ethnic Estonian.

Municipalities[edit]

The Jõuga lakes in Iisaku Parish. Estonia

The county is subdivided into municipalities. There are 5 urban municipalities (Estonian: linnad - cities) and 15 rural municipalities (Estonian: vallad - parishes) in Ida-Viru County. There are 217 villages in Ida-Virumaa.

Municipalities of Ida-Viru County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Geography[edit]

Ash hills in Ida-Viru County

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Population by sex, ethnic nationality and County, 1 January". stat.ee. Statistics Estonia. 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°13′N 27°18′E / 59.217°N 27.300°E / 59.217; 27.300