Ida-Viru County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ida-Virumaa)
Jump to: navigation, search
Ida-Viru County
County of Estonia
Skyline of Ida-Viru County
Flag of Ida-Viru County
Flag
Coat of arms of Ida-Viru County
Coat of arms
Location of Ida-Viru County
Country Estonia
Capital Jõhvi
Government
 • Governor Ago Silde
Area
 • Total 3,364 km2 (1,299 sq mi)
Population (Jan 2014[1])
 • Total 149,483
 • Density 44/km2 (120/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code EE-44
Vehicle registration I
Website www.ida-virumaa.ee

Ida-Viru County (Estonian: Ida-Viru maakond, Russian: И́да-Ви́руский уезд), or Ida-Virumaa, is one of 15 counties of Estonia. It is the most north-eastern part of the country. The county contains large deposits of oil shale - the main mineral mined in Estonia. As oil shale is used in thermal power plants, the earth in Ida-Viru contains most of Estonia's energy resources. The capital of the county is the town of Jõhvi which is administratively united with the Jõhvi Parish. 149 483 people live in Ida-Viru County – constituting 12.6% of the total population in Estonia (as of January 2014).[1]

History[edit]

During the latter part of the period of Soviet rule of Estonia, Ida-Virumaa was called Kohtla-Järve district, and its administrative capital was Kohtla-Järve.

County Government[edit]

The County Government (Estonian: Maavalitsus) is led by a Governor (Estonian: maavanem), who is appointed by the country's government for a term of five years. Since August 2004 the governor's position is held by Ago Silde. The current governor of Ida-Viru county is Andres Noormägi.

Demographics[edit]

The population of Ida-Viru county has declined from 221,807 in 1990 to 168,656 in 2010.

As of January 2010, the population of Ida-Virumaa is 168,656, which makes the second largest county in Estonia (after Harjumaa, which includes Tallinn). 44.6% of the population are men and 55.4% women.[1]

By ethnic origin, 72.8% of the population are Russians, 19.5% are Estonians, 2.3% are Ukrainians, 2.2% are Belarusians and 0.9% are Finns (as of January 1, 2013).[1]

Municipalities[edit]

The county is subdivided into municipalities. There are 5 urban municipalities (Estonian: linnad - cities) and 15 rural municipalities (Estonian: vallad - parishes) in Ida-Viru County. There are 217 villages in Ida-Virumaa.

Municipalities of Ida-Viru County

Urban municipalities:

Rural municipalities:

Geography[edit]

Ash hills in Ida-Viru County

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Population by sex, ethnic nationality and County, 1 January". stat.ee. Statistics Estonia. 2010-04-19. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°13′N 27°18′E / 59.217°N 27.300°E / 59.217; 27.300