|Fields||Latin American History|
|Institutions||University of Florida|
|Alma mater||University of Michigan
Johns Hopkins University
Ida Louise Altman (born 1950) is an American historian of colonial Spain and Latin America. Her book Emigrants and Society received the 1990 Herbert E. Bolton Prize of the Conference on Latin American History. Dr. Altman is Professor of History at the University of Florida and Department Chair.
Altman is noted as a social historian for her primary research into migration patterns and individual migrations in the Spanish colonial period and the effects of source communities in the Old World on the economies and social development of destination communities in the New World, and vice versa.
Life and education
Ida Altman was born in Washington, D.C. She graduated from Washington-Lee High School in Arlington, Virginia. She received her B.A. from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor; a master's degree from the University of Texas at Austin; and her Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University. She taught at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and taught many years at the University of New Orleans, where she was Professor of History and then designated University Research Professor. She served as chair of the History department until shortly after Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Dr. Altman joined the faculty of the University of Florida in August 2006 and became chair of the history department in August 2010. Altman's first article was published in 1976, "A Family and Region in the Northern Fringe Lands: The Marqueses de Aguayo of Nuevo León and Coahuila", in the now classic anthology on regional variation in colonial Mexico. For her study of the elite Marqueses de Aguayo over several generations, she drew on rich archival sources, mainly at University of Texas, with specificity of locale and individuals, and placed them within the larger colonial world.
When Altman finished her PhD in 1982, the idea of the Atlantic World was not widely accepted as a field in history, although Johns Hopkins was an important innovator for the field. Through meticulous archival research, she traced patterns of Spanish conquerors returning to their home region of Extremadura in western Spain. With the dissertation she brought attention to the whole field of Spanish Atlantic history, capped by her co-winning the Conference on Latin American History's Bolton Prize (1990) for the book, followed quickly by a prize awarded by the Spanish Ministry of Culture for the work. She followed up Emigrants and Society quickly with her second co-edited and co-authored volume, "To Make America": European Immigration in the Early Modern Period, which broadened the conversation about transaltantic migration.
In her second single-author monograph, Transatlantic Ties, she focused on two particular localities, the textile-producing Spanish town of Brihuega and Mexico's second-most important colonial city, Puebla de los Angeles. She traced social and economic networks, as well as cultural continuities and discontinuities in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Puebla was a natural way-station between the port of Veracruz and the viceregal capital, Mexico City, but it developed as a rich agricultural zone and as a locus for textile production for a colonial mass market. Push factors from Spain as local industry declined meant that Puebla represented new economic horizons for skilled Spanish immigrants. Her meticulous research and masterful reconstruction of social networks in Brihuega and Puebla shows how immigrants maintained their identity in a new location. Her work demonstrates that identity politics of immigrants is not a modern phenomenon, but one with a long history.
In her third major monograph, The War for Mexico's West, she brings to an English-speaking readership the story of the Spanish attempts to conquer and settle western Mexico, a far more complex and lengthy endeavor than the quick and decisive victory in central Mexico with the aid of indigenous allies. This historical study blends narrative history of the early campaigns from both the Spanish and indigenous perspectives, without the benefit of contemporary accounts by the participants. By close reading of Spanish-language documentation she has been able to produce a multifaceted picture of the indigenous peoples' response to Spanish conquest, settlement, and attempts to extract labor and tribute where there were no indigenous precedents. Unlike the conquest of central Mexico, the war in the west was protracted and marked by the most serious challenge to Spanish triumphalist expansion in the multi-ethnic region rebellion known in history as the Mixton War (1541). She examines the initial Spanish expeditions to the region, one by a kinsman of Hernán Cortés, and then the more horrific campaign of Nuño de Guzmán. Guzmán could be the poster child for Spanish cruelty in dealings with indigenous (broadly characterized as the Black Legend). Throughout the monograph, her fine translations of select passages of the contemporary documentation make the era vividly?and wrenchingly—come to life. Her examination of the historical dynamics of the Mixton rebellion is concrete evidence for long-term, complex planning by multiple indigenous groups to expel the Spaniards and regain their autonomy. Her examination of the role of viceroy Don Antonio de Mendoza in putting down the rebellion supports the general picture of Mendoza as a remarkable administrator. In Altman's close examination of Mendoza's end-of-term assessment (residencia) she recounts incidents that show even he had a ruthless and pragmatic side. Altman's book brings narrative back into history, which is particularly for non-specialists.
With Mexicanist colleagues Sarah Cline and Javier Pescador, Altman co-authored a textbook entitled The Early History of Greater Mexico. It is described in a review as "the best textbook on colonial Mexico to date. It is unrivaled in its breadth of coverage and its insight." There is ample coverage of the conquest of Mexico as an event as well as a separate chapter on narratives of the conquest. There is a strong emphasis on socioeconomic history of different regions of Mexico. "Greater Mexico" in the title alludes to the territorial expanse of New Spain's northwest, which is now the Southwest of the U.S.
Books written or edited by Ida Altman include:
- The War for Mexico's West. Indians and Spaniards in New Galicia, 1524-1550. Albuquerque: New Mexico, 2010.
- (with Sarah Cline & Juan Javier Pescador), The Early History of Greater Mexico. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003.
- Transatlantic Ties in the Spanish Empire: Brihuega, Spain, and Puebla, Mexico, 1560-1620. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.
- Editor, (with James J. Horn). "To Make America": European Emigration in the Early Modern Period. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.
- Emigrants and Society: Extremadura and Spanish America in the Sixteenth Century. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.
- Editor, (with James Lockhart). Provinces of early Mexico: variants of Spanish American regional evolution. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center Publications, University of California, 1976.
- "Transatlantic Ties in the Spanish Empire: Brihuega, Spain, and Puebla, Mexico, 1560-1620". Stanford University Press. Retrieved 2006-10-24.
- "History Department - Faculty". University of New Orleans. Archived from the original on 2006-09-01. Retrieved 2006-10-24.
- "Ida Altman". Directory of Faculty and Staff, University of Florida History Department. Retrieved 2006-10-24.
- James Lockhart and Ida Altman, eds. The Provinces of Early Mexico: Variants of Spanish American Regional Evolution, UCLA Latin American Center Publications 1976, pp. 253-272
- Ida Altman and James J. Horn, eds.), "To Make America": European Emigration in the Early Modern Period, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.
- Ida Altman, Transatlantic Ties in the Spanish Empire: Brihuega, Spain, and Puebla, Mexico, 1560-1620. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2000.
- Ida Altman, The War for Mexico's West. Indians and Spaniards in New Galicia, 1524-1550. Albuquerque: New Mexico, 2010.
- John Kicza, "New Interpretations of Colonial Mexico from the Conquest to Independence," Latin American Research Review vol. 40, Number 3, 2005, p. 334.