Ida Stover Eisenhower
Ida Elizabeth Stover Eisenhower (May 1, 1862 – September 11, 1946) was the mother of U.S. President Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969), and university president Milton Stover Eisenhower (1899–1985) as well as Edgar N. Eisenhower (1889–1971), and Earl D. Eisenhower (1898–1968).
She was born in Mount Sidney, Virginia, the only daughter of Elizabeth Ida Judah Link and Simon P. Stover.
She was christened Elizabeth Ida in the Salem Lutheran Church, Mount Sidney, Virginia (currently the Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church). She was orphaned on the deaths of her mother, Elizabeth Link Stover (1822–1867), originally Elizabeth Juda according to Salem Church baptismal records but later changed to Elizabeth Ida, and father, Simon Stover (1822–1873).
She lived with her maternal grandparents, William Link and Esther Schindler Link, on their farm until William's death in 1879, and then with her maternal uncle and aunt, William J. Link and Susan Cook Link, on their farm until age twenty-one whereupon she joined two of her brothers Stover who had moved to Kansas. Ida was five years old when her mother died; she was sent to live with her maternal grandparents, then with maternal uncle and aunt, and on turning twenty-one years of age to her elder brothers in Kansas, as described in the preceding sentence. They did not believe girls should be educated, and instead pushed her to memorize the Bible. When Ida was ready to go to high school, she was told that she couldn't, so she ran away.
On September 23, 1885 in Lecompton, Kansas on the campus of their alma mater, Lane University, she married David Jacob Eisenhower (1863–1942), of German and Swiss ancestry. He was a college-educated engineer but had trouble making a living and the family was always poor.
In the 1890s Ida left the River Brethren Christian group, and joined the International Bible Students, which would evolve into what is now known as Jehovah's Witnesses. The Eisenhower home served as the local meeting hall for the Bible Students from 1896 to 1915 but her sons, although raised there, never joined the movement.
In 1945 Stover was named Kansas Mother of the Year.
Dwight Eisenhower said of her:
- "Many such persons of her faith, selflessness, and boundless consideration of others have been called saintly. She was that—but above all she was a worker, an administrator, a teacher and guide, a truly wonderful woman."
- "I Chose My Way". Time. Time, Inc. September 23, 1946. Retrieved 2009-03-17.
- Stephen E. Ambrose, Eisenhower: Soldier, General of the Army, President-Elect, 1890–1952 (1983) pp 13-14
- Jerry Bergman, "Steeped in Religion: President Eisenhower and the Influence of the Jehovah's Witnesses," Kansas History, (Aut. 1998)
- "Eisenhower: A Factual Sketch". time.com. Time. 1952-04-07. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
- Carlo D'Este, Eisenhower: a soldier's life (2002) p. 58
- "Women's Studies : A Guide to the Historical Holdings in the Eisenhower Library" (PDF). www.eisenhower.archives.gov. Eisenhower Library. April 1994. p. 11. Retrieved 2008-09-05.[dead link]
- Eisenhower, Dwight D. At Ease. Doubleday, 1967, p. 306.
- Mrs. J.E. Johntz Papers regarding the Selection of Ida Stover Eisenhower as Kansas Mother of the Year (1945), Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library