|Ida Pauline Rolf|
Ida Pauline Rolf
May 19, 1896|
Bronx, New York
|Died||March 19, 1979
Bronx, New York
|Alma mater||Barnard College, Columbia University|
|Known for||Structural Integration|
Early life and education
Rolf attended Barnard College and graduated in 1916 with a bachelors degree. In 1917 she began her doctoral studies at Columbia University, and at about the same time also began work at the Rockefeller Institute in the Chemistry Laboratory, under the supervision of Phoebus Aaron Theodore Levene.
She earned her PhD in Biological Chemistry from Columbia's College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1920. Her dissertation was titled "Three Contributions to the Chemistry of the Unsaturated Phosphatides."
After graduating, Rolf continued to work with Levene at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York City. In 1918 she was promoted to Assistant in the Chemistry Lab. In 1922, two years after received her PhD from Columbia, she was promoted to Associate, then the highest non-tenured position for a scientist at Rockefeller. 
From 1919 to 1927 she published 16 scholarly journal papers, mostly in the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Her research was mostly laboratory studies on biochemical compounds lecithin and cephalin. With the exception of her doctoral dissertation, all of her published work was co-authored with Levene. 
In 1926, Rolf left her academic work in New York. She took leave to study mathematics and atomic physics at the Swiss Technical University in Zurich and also biochemistry at the Pasteur Institute in France. 
She later developed Structural Integration. In addition to her 16 academic papers published from 1919-1927, she would later publish two papers in scholarly journals on structural integration, and had an h-index of 10 with a total number of 299 citations (February, 2007).
- Jacobs WA, Heidelberger M, Rolf IP, On certain aromatic amines and chloroacetyl derivatives JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 41: 458-474 MAR 1919
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Cephalin. VII. The glycerophosphoric acid of cephalin. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 40 (1): 1-16 NOV 1919
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Structure and significance of the phosphatides - Bibliography PHYSIOLOGICAL REVIEWS 1 (3): 327-393 JAN 1921
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Lechitin. III. Fatty acids of lechitin of the egg yolk. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 46 (1): 193-207 MAR 1921
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Lecithin. IV. Lecithin of the brain. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 46 (2): 353-365 APR 1921
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Unsaturated fatty acids of brain lecithins. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 54 (1): 99-100 SEP 1922
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Unsaturated fatty acids of brain cephalins. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 54 (1): 91-98 SEP 1922
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Lysolecithins and lysocephalins. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 55 (4): 743-749 APR 1923
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Simms HS Lysolecithins and lysocephalins. II. Isolation and properties of lysolecithins and lysocephalins. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 58 (3): 859-871 JAN 1924
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Synthetic lecithins. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 60 (3): 677-683 JUL 1924
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Plant phosphatides. I. Lecithin and cephalin of the soy bean. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 62 (3): 759-766 JAN 1925
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Bromolecithins. I. Fractionation of brominated soy bean lecithins. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 65 (2): 545-549 SEP 1925
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Bromolecithins. II. Bromolecithins of the liver and egg yolk. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 67 (3): 659-666 MAR 1926
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Plant phosphatides. II. Lecithin, cephalin, and so called cuorin of the soy bean. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 68 (2): 0285-0293 MAY 1926
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, Note on the preparation of cephalin. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 74 (3): 713-714 SEP 1927
- Levene PA, Rolf IP, The preparation and purification of lecithin. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 72 (2): 587-590 APR 1927
- Rolf IP, VERTICAL - Experiential Side to Human Potential. JOURNAL OF HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY 18 (2): 37-39 1978
- Rolf IP, Structural Integration - Contribution to understanding of stress. CONFINIA PSYCHIATRICA 16 (2): 69-79 1973
- Rolf IP, 1979. Rolfing: Reestablishing the Natural Alignment and Structural Integration of the Human Body for Vitality and Well-Being. Healing Arts Press. (Book)
Rolf began developing her system in the 1920s to help the chronically disabled who had been unable to find help elsewhere. Her main goal was of organizing the human bodily structure in relation to gravity. This method was originally called "Postural Release" and later "Structural Integration", commonly known by the trademark "Rolfing".
In 1971, Rolf founded the Guild for Structural Integration, which later changed its name to the Rolf Institute of Structural Integration. Her second son, Richard, helped her to continue developing and refining Structural Integration, as well as assisting in studies of the healing effects of structural integration on the handicapped. They both also taught Structural Integration classes at locations around the United States. Based for many years in New York City, they worked together to advance the practice and to make the general public aware of the practice and benefits of Structural Integration.
Rolf was married to Walter Frederick Demmerle. They had two sons, Alan Michael Demmerle and Richard Rolf Demmerle. Richard is a licensed physician and also a Rolfing teacher who was very involved in his mother's Rolfing project and continued her work.
- Johnson, Sam (2007). "Ida Rolf and the Two Paradigms". International Association of Structural Integrators (IASI) Yearbook.
- Salvo, Susan G. (2012). Massage Therapy: Principles and Practice (4 ed.). Elsevier Saunders. p. 423]. ISBN 1437719775.
- Stirling, Isabel. Zen Pioneer: The Life & Works of Ruth Fuller Sasaki (2006) Shoemaker & Hoard. ISBN 978-1-59376-110-3 pg. 8
- Demmerle, Richard, DC (Dec 2007). "Memories of an Exceptional Pioneer". Structural Integration.
- Feitis, Rosemary. 1985. Rolfing and Physical Reality. Healing Arts Press