Idaho City, Idaho

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Idaho City, Idaho
City
Streetside in Idaho City in 2005
Streetside in Idaho City in 2005
Location in Boise County and the state of Idaho
Location in Boise County and the state of Idaho
Coordinates: 43°49′43″N 115°49′56″W / 43.82861°N 115.83222°W / 43.82861; -115.83222Coordinates: 43°49′43″N 115°49′56″W / 43.82861°N 115.83222°W / 43.82861; -115.83222
Country United States
State Idaho
County Boise
Government
 • Mayor Jim Obland
Area[1]
 • Total 0.67 sq mi (1.74 km2)
 • Land 0.67 sq mi (1.74 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,907 ft (1,191 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 485
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 466
 • Density 723.9/sq mi (279.5/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 83631
Area code(s) 208
FIPS code 16-39610
GNIS feature ID 0383600

Idaho City is a city in and the county seat of Boise County, Idaho, United States,[4] located about 36 miles (58 km) northeast of Boise. The population was 485 at the 2010 census, up from 458 in 2000.

Idaho City is part of the Boise City−Nampa, Idaho Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Idaho City was founded in December 1862 as “Bannock” (sometimes given as “West Bannock”), amidst the Boise Basin gold rush during the Civil War, the largest since the California gold rush a dozen years earlier. Near the confluence of Elk and Mores Creeks, its plentiful water supply allowed it to outgrow the other nearby camps in the basin, such as Placerville, Pioneerville, and Centerville. As its population swelled, the new Idaho Territorial legislature changed the town’s name to “Idaho City,” to avoid confusion with Bannack, in present-day Beaverhead County, the southwestern corner of Montana.

At its peak during the mid-1860s, there were more than 200 businesses in town, including three dozen saloons and two dozen law offices.[5] Its 1864 population of 7,000 made it the largest city in the Northwest, bigger than Portland. Wood was the prime source of both shelter and heat, which caused Idaho City to burn four times: 1865, 1867, 1868, and 1871.[6]

In 1863, St. Joseph’s Catholic Church was established; it was the first Catholic parish in the new Idaho Territory and the church was completed the following year.[5]

Idaho City is an important location in local Masonic history. The Grand Lodge of Idaho was founded in Idaho City in 1867. Idaho Lodge No. 1 was originally located in Idaho City, but is now in Boise.

During the boom, the greater Boise Basin population numbered in the tens of thousands, but most departed the mountains once mining declined. Idaho City’s population fell below 900 by 1870 and was down to 104 by 1920. The modern economy relies mainly on hunting and fishing tourism, and visits to the many historic sites, including the Boot Hill Cemetery.[7] Outside of town, the mining tailings of the era are ubiquitous.

Senator Frank Church announced his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for president from the porch of the county court house in Idaho City in March 1976. His grandfather had settled there in 1871 and his father was born there in 1889. Chase Clark, Church’s father-in-law, had announced his candidacy for governor in Idaho City in 1940.[8]

Chinese[edit]

Four thousand Chinese lived in the Idaho Territory from 1869 to 1875. Like many Chinese immigrants, they came to “Gold Mountain” to work as miners, or found work as laundrymen and cooks.[9] The store of Pon Yam, a prominent Chinese businessman Pon Yam House from 1867 is one of the only remaining buildings from Idaho City’s Chinese. Although today Chinese are rarely seen except as tourists, the 1870 census reported at 1,751 Chinese who were nearly half of city residents. Annie Lee was one legendary Idaho city woman who like Polly Bemis, escaped enslavement from the “world’s oldest profession”. She escaped from a member of the Yeong Wo Company in the 1870s to Boise to marry her lover, another Chinese man. Charged by her owner with grand larceny, she told a judge that she wanted to stay in Boise City. The judge subsequently granted her freedom.[10]

Geography and climate[edit]

Idaho City is located at 43°49′43″N 115°49′56″W / 43.82861°N 115.83222°W / 43.82861; -115.83222 (43.828513, -115.832175),[11] at an elevation of 3,907 feet (1,191 m) above sea level.[12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.67 square miles (1.74 km2), all of it land.[1]

Idaho City experiences a fairly typical Inland Northwest continental Mediterranean climate (Köppen Dsb) with cold, snowy winters and warm, dry summers, typified throughout by large diurnal temperature variations. The town averages 217 nights below 32 °F (0 °C) per year – as many as Fairbanks, Alaska and 100 more than nearby Boise – 24 days which fail to top freezing, and 14 nights that fall below 0 °F (−17.8 °C). Owing to its more exposed location and slightly higher altitude, it is not only noticeably cooler but also much wetter than Boise, receiving twice as much precipitation and almost four times as much snowfall, which averages 71.6 inches (181.9 cm) with a maximum daily snow cover of 46 inches (1.2 m) in January 1982.

Climate data for Idaho City, Idaho (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 56
(13)
65
(18)
76
(24)
88
(31)
95
(35)
106
(41)
109
(43)
106
(41)
100
(38)
91
(33)
75
(24)
64
(18)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 34.9
(1.6)
41.0
(5)
48.0
(8.9)
57.3
(14.1)
66.8
(19.3)
76.1
(24.5)
85.8
(29.9)
85.6
(29.8)
75.4
(24.1)
62.8
(17.1)
43.8
(6.6)
34.8
(1.6)
59.4
(15.2)
Average low °F (°C) 12.2
(−11)
15.0
(−9.4)
21.9
(−5.6)
27.6
(−2.4)
34.6
(1.4)
40.2
(4.6)
44.4
(6.9)
43.0
(6.1)
34.8
(1.6)
26.8
(−2.9)
20.4
(−6.4)
12.6
(−10.8)
27.8
(−2.3)
Record low °F (°C) −38
(−39)
−35
(−37)
−20
(−29)
−8
(−22)
17
(−8)
24
(−4)
26
(−3)
24
(−4)
11
(−12)
2
(−17)
−18
(−28)
−32
(−36)
−38
(−39)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.44
(87.4)
2.77
(70.4)
2.44
(62)
1.87
(47.5)
1.88
(47.8)
1.33
(33.8)
0.67
(17)
0.51
(13)
1.16
(29.5)
1.45
(36.8)
3.08
(78.2)
3.51
(89.2)
24.11
(612.6)
Snowfall inches (cm) 21.6
(54.9)
12.1
(30.7)
4.2
(10.7)
1.2
(3)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.0
(2.5)
12.3
(31.2)
19.0
(48.3)
71.5
(181.6)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 11.1 10.6 10.6 8.8 8.6 6.0 3.1 2.7 4.0 5.8 11.5 12.0 94.8
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 7.1 4.9 2.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.7 7.2 25.3
Source: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 889
1880 672 −24.4%
1890 459 −31.7%
1900 390 −15.0%
1910 262 −32.8%
1920 104 −60.3%
1930 187 79.8%
1940 273 46.0%
1950 243 −11.0%
1960 188 −22.6%
1970 164 −12.8%
1980 300 82.9%
1990 322 7.3%
2000 458 42.2%
2010 485 5.9%
source:[14][15]
St. Joseph’s Catholic Church in 2004.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 485 people, 216 households, and 124 families residing in the city. The population density was 723.9 inhabitants per square mile (279.5/km2). There were 294 housing units at an average density of 438.8 per square mile (169.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.2% White, 1.6% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.9% of the population.

There were 216 households of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.5% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.6% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 42.2 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.6% were from 25 to 44; 34.1% were from 45 to 64; and 13% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.1% male and 48.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 458 people, 191 households, and 119 families residing in the city. The population density was 652.5 people per square mile (252.6/km²). There were 257 housing units at an average density of 366.2 per square mile (141.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.36% White, 3.06% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.66% from other races, and 3.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.53% of the population.

There were 191 households out of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.2% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,068, and the median income for a family was $33,295. Males had a median income of $25,750 versus $20,000 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,370. About 17.3% of families and 19.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Population history[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by State Highway 21, a two-lane undivided highway that connects to Boise to the southwest. To the northeast, it continues on to Lowman and Stanley. The highway travels through the Boise National Forest and is designated as the “Ponderosa Pine Scenic Byway.”[19] The route ascends to Banner Creek Summit at 7,056 feet (2,151 m) and later enters the Sawtooth National Recreation Area about 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Stanley.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ a b Morrissey, David (March 19, 1976). "Western tall tale started Idaho City". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 9A. 
  6. ^ "Idaho for the Curious", by Cort Conley, ©1982, ISBN 0-9603566-3-0, p.172-179
  7. ^ http://www.ghosttowngallery.com/htme/idahocity.htm
  8. ^ Shelledy, Jay (March 19, 1976). "Church joins race for White House". Lewiston Morning Tribune. p. 1A. 
  9. ^ BOISE BASIN HISTORICAL SUMMARY
  10. ^ Surviving on the gold mountain: a history of Chinese American women By Huping Ling
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Idaho City, Idaho
  13. ^ "Climatographyof the United StatesNo. 20 – 1971-2000: IDAHO CITY, ID". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 13, 2011. 
  14. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 94.
  15. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ 1863 territorial census, Idaho Territory via Idaho State Historical Society, 1863. Accessed 2011-12-10.
  18. ^ 1864 territorial census, Idaho Territory via Idaho State Historical Society, 1864. Accessed 2011-12-10.
  19. ^ Idaho Byways - Ponderosa Pine Scenic Byway

External links[edit]