Idaho Springs, Colorado
|City of Idaho Springs, Colorado|
|— City —|
|Clear Creek County and the State of Colorado|
|State||State of Colorado|
|County||Clear Creek County|
|• Type||Statutory City|
|• Mayor||Dennis Lunbery|
|• Total||1 sq mi (2.7 km2)|
|• Land||1 sq mi (2.7 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||7,526 ft (2,294 m)|
|• Density||1,889/sq mi (699.6/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|Area code(s)||Both 303 and 720|
|GNIS feature ID||204710|
|Website||City of Idaho Springs|
The City of Idaho Springs is a municipality in the U.S. state of Colorado that is the most populous settlement in Clear Creek County, Colorado. Idaho Springs is located in Clear Creek Canyon, in the mountains upstream from Golden, some thirty miles west of Denver. Local legend is that the name of the city derived from annual visits to the radium hot springs made by an "Indian" (Native American) chief and his tribe who journeyed there each year from Idaho to bathe in the magic healing waters.
Founded in 1859 by prospectors during the early days of the Pike's Peak Gold Rush, the town was at the center of the region's mining district throughout the late nineteenth century. The Argo Tunnel drained and provided access to many lodes of ore between Idaho Springs and Central City. During the late twentieth century, the town evolved into a tourist center along U.S. Highway 6 and U.S. Highway 40, which ascend Clear Creek Canyon through the historic mining district.
The town today is squeezed along the north side of Interstate 70, with a historical downtown on its western end and a strip of tourist-related businesses on its eastern end. It also serves as a bedroom community for workers at the Loveland Ski Area farther up the canyon. The town today is the largest community in Clear Creek County, but, for historical reasons, the county seat has remained at Georgetown.
On January 5, 1859, during the Colorado gold rush, prospector George A. Jackson discovered placer gold at the present site of Idaho Springs, where Chicago Creek empties into Clear Creek. It was the first substantial gold discovery in Colorado. Jackson, a Missouri native with experience in the California gold fields, was drawn to the area by clouds of steam rising from some nearby hot springs. Jackson kept his find secret for several months, but after he paid for some supplies with gold dust, others rushed to Jackson's diggings. The location was originally known as "Jackson's Diggings." Once the location became a permanent settlement, it was variously called "Sacramento City," "Idahoe," "Idaho City," and finally "Idaho Springs."
The first placer discoveries were soon followed by discoveries of gold veins in the rocks of the canyon walls on both sides of Clear Creek. Hard rock mining became the mainstay of the town long after the gold-bearing gravels were exhausted.
The 1969 film Downhill Racer, portrayed an alpine ski racer from Idaho Springs, played by Robert Redford; a brief scene was shot on location in Idaho Springs. Several scenes from the comedy film The Overbrook Brothers were filmed here in the spring of 2008.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,889 people, 841 households, and 485 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,820.1 inhabitants per square mile (702.7 /km2). There were 904 housing units at an average density of 871.0 per square mile (336.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.71% White, 0.74% Black or African American, 1.06% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 1.54% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. 5.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 841 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.3% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.87.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 28.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $39,643, and the median income for a family was $48,790. Males had a median income of $35,446 versus $22,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,789. About 2.2% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.
Idaho Springs Public Schools are part of the Clear Creek School District RE-1. There are two elementary schools, one middle school one high school, and one charter school. Students attend Clear Creek High School.
Carlson Elementary School is located in Idaho Springs.
Todd Lancaster is the Superintendent of Schools.
Famous residents 
Jennifer Whalen is a professional mountain bike racer who has resided in Idaho Springs since 2002.
Points of interest 
- Argo Gold Mine and Mill - The mill and museum are open for tours.
- Statue of cartoon character Steve Canyon
See also 
- Outline of Colorado
- State of Colorado
- Arapaho National Forest
- Pike's Peak Gold Rush
- "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
- "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
- "City Council - City of Idaho Springs". City of Idaho Springs. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Robert L. Brown (1985) The Great Pikes Peak Gold Rush, Caldwell, Ida.: Caxton, p.26-32.
- "US Geological Survey, Geographic Names Information System". Retrieved 10 January 2009.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 73.
- "Subcounty population estimates: Colorado 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-05-10.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Clear Creek School District RE-1". Clear Creek School District RE-1. Retrieved 2012-14-07.
- City of Idaho Springs website
- Idaho Springs Photos and Information at Western Mining History