Idaho State Highway 21

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State Highway 21 marker

State Highway 21
Route information
Maintained by ITD
Length: 130.869 mi[1] (210.613 km)
Major junctions
South end: I‑84 in Boise at Exit 57
North end: SH-75 in Stanley
Highway system

State Highways in Idaho

SH-19 SH-22

Idaho State Highway 21 is the Ponderosa Pine Scenic Byway,[2] primarily a two-lane highway from Boise to Stanley. With two-thirds of its length in Boise County, it passes by historic Idaho City and the village of Lowman to the western edge of the Sawtooth Mountains, then along their northern boundary to Stanley.

The road is designated as one of Idaho's scenic byways and provides access to Sawtooth National Recreation Area from Boise and the Treasure Valley. It primarily follows the Boise River and its tributary Mores Creek to the Boise Basin and beyond, and then the upper South Fork of the Payette River and a tributary from Lowman to Banner Creek Summit.

Route description[edit]

Northern terminus of SH-21 at Stanley

State Highway 21 begins at exit 57 of Interstate 84 southeast of Boise, exactly 3000 feet (914 m) above sea level. The highway is an eastern extension of Gowen Road, which runs along the southern and western perimeter of the Boise Airport (and the National Guard's Gowen Field) to connect with Orchard Road at exit 52 of I-84.

After three miles (5 km) eastbound from I-84, Highway 21 descends and crosses the Boise River to connect with Warm Springs Avenue, old SH-21, starting in east Boise. The highway heads upstream, briefly as a four-lane divided highway, along the north bank of the river in a basalt canyon. The route passes the century-old Boise River Diversion Dam and several miles later the Lucky Peak Dam.

After the Highland Valley Summit above the Lucky Peak Dam, SH-21 ascends the Mores Creek tributary to the Boise Basin gold mining area centered around Idaho City, leaving the sagebrush to enter the Ponderosa pine forest of the Boise National Forest. After Idaho City, the highway continues to climb with Mores Creek for another 13 miles (21 km) to the Mores Creek Summit at 6,117 feet (1,864 m), and with Beaver Creek to the Beaver Creek Summit at 6,041 feet (1,841 m) ten miles (16 km) further. Following this summit, Highway 21 descends 2,240 feet (680 m) in switchbacks to the village of Lowman at 3,801 feet (1,159 m) above sea level. At Lowman is the intersection with the Wildlife Canyon Scenic Byway[3] which descends with the South Fork of the Payette River through a canyon popular for whitewater rafting, westward to Banks at Highway 55.

North of Lowman, SH-21 ascends the South Fork of the Payette River to Grandjean on the west side of the Sawtooths, and climbs the Canyon Creek tributary to the Banner Creek Summit at 7,056 feet (2,151 m), the route's maximum elevation, over 3200 vertical feet (975 m) above Lowman.

At the Banner Creek Summit, SH-21 enters Custer County and the Challis National Forest, and descends northward with Banner Creek and Cape Horn Creek, tributaries of the Middle Fork of the Salmon River. At "Cape Horn" the highway turns southeast to gradually climb with Marsh Creek to the border of the Sawtooth National Recreation Area, where SH-21 enters the drainage of the main Salmon River, and gently descends to Stanley. About four miles (7 km) west of Stanley is the turnoff for the three mile (5 km) spur road to the photogenic Stanley Lake at 6513 feet (1985 m), framed by the jagged McGown Peak at 9860 feet (3005 m).

In Stanley, SH-21 terminates at 6250 feet (1905 m) at the junction with SH-75, the Sawtooth Scenic Byway from Galena Summit and Ketchum to the south, originating in Shoshone.[4] North of the intersection in Stanley, Highway 75 becomes the Salmon River Scenic Byway, and continues due north for a mile, then veers east with the twisty main Salmon River as it descends to Clayton, then north towards Challis, where the route terminates and rejoins US-93 just south of the city limits.[5]

The upper elevations of Highway 21 are often closed during the winter months, due to light traffic and heavy snowfall.

History[edit]

Portions of the highway originated in the 1860s, as a toll road connecting Boise with the gold mining areas near Idaho City.[6]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[7] km Destinations Notes
Ada Boise 0.00 0.00 I‑84 Exit 57, Gowen Road
Boise Idaho City 38.80 62.44
Boise - 52.33 84.22 Mores Creek Summit - 6,117 ft (1,864 m)
Boise Lowman 72.61 116.85 Wildlife Canyon Scenic Byway [3]
Boise - 105.51 169.80 Banner Creek Summit - 7,056 ft (2,151 m)
Custer Stanley 130.87 210.61 SH-75 Sawtooth Scenic Byway[5]
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

  1. ^ Idaho Transportation Department, Idaho milepoint log - accessed 2011-12-05
  2. ^ Idaho Byways - Ponderosa Pine Scenic Byway - accessed 2011-12-05
  3. ^ a b Idaho Byways - Wildlife Canyon Scenic Byway - accessed 2011-12-05
  4. ^ Idaho Byways - Sawtooth Scenic Byway - accessed 2011-12-05
  5. ^ a b Idaho Byways - Salmon River Scenic Byway - accessed 2011-12-05
  6. ^ hmdb.org - The Old Toll Road - ID #266 - accessed 2011-12-05
  7. ^ Idaho Transportation Department (January 19, 2011). "Milepost log". Retrieved May 12, 2011. 

External links[edit]