Identifying marks on euro coins

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Before the introduction of the euro, the current eurozone members issued their own individual national coinage, most of which featured mint marks, privy marks and/or mint master marks. These marks have been continued as a part of the national designs of the euro coins, as well. This article serves to list the information about the various types of identifying marks on euro coins, including engraver and designer initials and the unique edge inscriptions found on the €2 coins.

Date stamps on euro coins[edit]

Since the euro was officially introduced in 1999, most of the EMU member countries began producing their coins ahead of the 2002 introduction date. There is individual national legislation in place which governs the mintage of coins issued from each country. These coinage acts regulate the coin production parameters for each country.

Mintage date[edit]

The coinage acts of countries with a mintage date stipulation specifies that the year the coin is minted, regardless of when the coins are issued, should appear on each coin. Belgium, Finland, France, the Netherlands and Spain have mintage date stipulations.

Issue date[edit]

The coinage acts of countries with an issue date stipulation specifies that the year the coin is issued, regardless of when the coins are minted, should appear on each coin. Austria, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, San Marino and the Vatican City have issue date stipulations.

Conclusion[edit]

Since the euro was first issued in 2002, the countries which have an issue date stipulation are all dated 2002 onward, even though these coins were minted in previous years to prepare for the adoption of the euro. As a result, there are no euro coins dated 1999, 2000 and 2001 issued from countries with an issue date stipulation. Luxembourg has no domestic mint, so their coins are minted elsewhere. Regardless of the mintage location of these coins, the issue date stipulation in their coinage act must be followed by whichever country mints their coins and the date stamp is therefore applied accordingly. Since Monaco, San Marino and the Vatican City do not have their own coinage acts, the date stamp is applied in accordance with the coinage act of whichever country mints these coins. France produces the euro coins for Monaco and follows the mintage date stipulation; it began minting Monégasque Euro coins only in 2001, since the mintage quantities were so low. Sammarinese and Vatican euro coins are minted in Italy and follow the issue date stipulation.

National identifying marks of euro coins[edit]

As per a recommendation defined by the Economic and Financial Affairs Council of the European Union,[1] the national designs of each member's euro coin should contain a national identification in the form of spelling or abbreviation of the country's name. Of the fifteen members of the Eurozone at the time these recommendations were made, five national designs — those of Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany and Greece — did not meet the criteria outlined. Of these five, two (Finland in 2007 and Belgium in 2008) have changed or amended their design to follow these recommendations, and the other three are expected to follow suit in the coming years.

National identifying marks on euro coins by country
Country Type Description Image
Austria Symbol Flag of Austria
Euro id austria s01.gif
Belgium Symbol Monogram of King Albert II
Euro id belgium s01.jpg
Abbreviation BE (Belgium)[2]  
Cyprus Text KYΠPOΣ/KIBRIS (in both Greek and Turkish)  
Estonia Text EESTI (Estonia)  
Finland Abbreviation FI (Finland)[3]  
France Abbreviation stylized RF (République française)  
Germany none   eagle
Greece none    
Ireland Text éıʀe Harp
Italy Abbreviation stylized RI (Repubblica Italiana)  
Luxembourg Text LËTZEBUERG (Luxembourg written in the national Luxembourgian language)  
Malta Text MALTA  
Monaco Text MONACO  
Netherlands Text WILLEM-ALEXANDER KONING DER NEDERLANDEN (Willem Alexander, king of the Netherlands)
Portugal Text PORTUGAL  
San Marino Text SAN MARINO  
Slovakia Text SLOVENSKO  
Slovenia Text SLOVENIJA  
Spain Text ESPAÑA  
Vatican City Text CITTÀ DEL VATICANO (Vatican City)  

Mint marks[edit]

The use of mint marks on euro coins takes one of these three forms:

  • a single letter representing a city or country
  • the abbreviation of the country's mint
  • the symbol of the country's mint
Mint marks on euro coins by country
Country Mint location Mint mark Mint mark description Notes
Belgium Brussels
Euro mintmarkmark belgium.jpg
Head of archangel St. Michael, patron saint of Brussels. Prior to 2008, Belgian marks had only been used on commemorative issues. Since 2008, the marks are used on both standard issue and commemorative issue coins.
Finland Vantaa
Euro id finland s02.jpg[3]
logo of the Rahapaja Oy mint
France Pessac
Euro mintmarkmark france.jpg
Cornucopia, Different of the Monnaie de Paris[4]
Germany German Euro coins are minted at 5 locations in Germany
A, D, F, G, J
letters A for Berlin, D for Munich, F for Stuttgart, G for Karlsruhe, J for Hamburg,

while B, C, E and H used to be mint locations that had been closed prior to the introduction of the Euro.

Greece (2002) Madrid, Spain
Pessac, France
Vantaa, Finland
Athens
E (20c),
F (1c, 2c, 5c, 10c and 50c),
S[5] (€1 and €2)
letters E for Spain (España), F for France, S for Finland (Suomi).
The initial supply of Greek euro coins were produced at three locations, in addition to the Athens mint, due to their late entry into the European Monetary Union (EMU) just before the introduction date on 1 January 2002; only certain denominations of Greek coins with the date stamp of "2002" have these mint marks. Greek euro coins dated 2002 without these mint marks were produced in Athens, Greece.
All Greek euro coins bear the standard Greek mint mark symbol of the Athens mint.
Greece (2002–present) Athens
Euro mintmark greece.jpg
stylized acanthus leaf
Italy Rome
R
letter
Lithuania Vilnius
Euro mintmark lithuania.jpg
Lietuvos monetų kalykla (Lithuanian Mint House, LMK) logo Lithuania is not yet part of the Eurozone. When the Euro is introduced, this is the mintmark which will be used.
Luxembourg (2002–2004) Utrecht, Netherlands
Euro mintmark netherlands.jpg
Mercury's wand, the logo of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt (Royal Dutch Mint)
Luxembourg (2005–2006) Vantaa, Finland
S,[5] Euro id finland s02.jpg
letter, logo of the Rahapaja Oy mint
Luxembourg (2007–2008) Pessac, France
F, Euro mintmarkmark france.jpg
letter, Cornucopia, Different of the Monnaie de Paris[4]
Luxembourg (2009–present) Utrecht, Netherlands
Euro mintmark netherlands.jpg
Mercury's wand, the logo of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt (Royal Dutch Mint)
Malta Paris, France
F
letter
Monaco Pessac, France
Euro mintmarkmark france.jpg
Cornucopia, Different of the Monnaie de Paris[4] (Paris Mint)
Netherlands Utrecht
Euro mintmark netherlands.jpg
Mercury's wand, the logo of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt (Royal Dutch Mint)
Poland Warsaw
Euro mintmark poland.jpg
Mennica Polska (Polish Mint) logo Poland is not yet part of the Eurozone. When the Euro is introduced, this is the mintmark which will be used.
The Polish Mint logo is the letter M on top of the letter W and comes from Mennica Warszawa or Warsaw Mint
Portugal Lisbon
INCM
Imprensa Nacional – Casa de Moeda (National Currency – Mint House) abbreviation
San Marino Rome, Italy
R
letter
Slovakia Kremnica
Euro mintmark slovakia.jpg
Mincovňa Kremnica (Kremnican Mint, MK) logo
Slovenia (2007) Vantaa, Finland
Fi[5]
abbreviation
Slovenia (2008–present) Utrecht, Netherlands
Euro mintmark netherlands.jpg
Mercury's wand, the logo of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt (Royal Dutch Mint)
Spain Madrid
Mintmark of Casa de la Moneda, Madrid.jpg
Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre (National Factory of Currency and Stamps) logo
Vatican Rome, Italy
R
letter

Mint master marks and privy marks[edit]

Mint master marks or privy marks are symbols representing directors, chief engravers or chief executive officers of mints.

Belgium[edit]

The directors of the Monnaie Royale de Belgique/Koninklijke Munt van België (Royal Belgian Mint) in Brussels uses mint master's marks on all €2 commemorative coins and on all Belgian euro coins with a datestamp from 2008 onwards minted at this location.

Mint master marks on Belgian euro coins
Mark Mark description Name of mint master Coin dates
Euro mintmaster belgium 01.jpg
scale Romain Coenen 1999–present (€2 commemorative coins)
2008–present (standard issue euro coins)

Finland[edit]

The director of the Rahapaja Oy (Mint of Finland, LTD.) mint in Helsinki-Vantaa used a mint master's mark on Finnish euro coins minted at this location with the date stamp between 1999 and 2006.

Mint master mark on Finnish euro coins 1999–2006
Mark Mark description Name of mint master Coin dates
M
letter Raimo Makkonen 1999–2006

France[edit]

The directors of Monnaie de Paris in Pessac use mint master's marks on all French euro coins minted at this location.

Mint master marks on French euro coins
Mark Mark description Name of mint master Coin dates
Euro mintmaster france 01.jpg
bee Pierre Rodier 1999–2000
Euro mintmaster france 02.jpg
horseshoe Gérard Buquoy 2001–2002
Euro mintmaster france 03.jpg
stylized heart with the initials of the mint master Serge Levet 2003
Euro mintmaster france 04.jpg
[4]
hunting horn, a wave and a fish Hubert Larivière 2004–2010
[6] pentagon with letters AG, MP and YS Yves Sampo 2011–present

Luxembourg[edit]

Luxembourgian euro coins dated 2002 were minted in the Netherlands in 2000 and thus bear the mint master mark of E. J. van Schauwenburg, temporary director of the Utrecht mint during the year of coin production. The coinage act of Luxembourg stipulates that national coins can not have a date stamp prior to the year of issue. Therefore, Luxembourgian euro coins bear the mint master mark of the temporary director at the time of minting, despite the date on the coins.

Coins dated 2003–2004 bear the mint master mark of Maarten Brouwer, director of the Utrecht mint from 2003–present. Luxembourgian euro coins dated 2005–2006 were produced at Rahapaja Oy, in Helsinki-Vantaa, Finland. Since the mint director does not affix a mint master mark to coins in production at this location, these coins do not bear a mint master mark.

Luxembourgian euro coins dated 2007-2008 were produced at Monnaie de Paris, in Pessac, France and bear the mint master mark of Hubert Larivière, director of the Paris mint.

As of 2009, coins are again minted at the Royal Dutch Mint in Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Luxembourg is the only member of the Eurozone to have all of their coins produced at three different foreign mints.

Mint master marks on Luxembourgian euro coins
Mark Mark description Name of mint master Coin dates
Euro mintmaster netherlands 02.jpg
bow and arrow with a star[7] E. J. van Schauwenburg 2002
Euro mintmaster netherlands 05.jpg
sailboat Maarten Brouwer 2003–2004
Euro mintmaster france 04.jpg[4]
hunting horn, a wave and a fish Hubert Larivière 2007–2008
Euro mintmaster netherlands 05.jpg
sailboat Maarten Brouwer 2009–present

Monaco[edit]

Monegasque euro coins are produced by Monnaie de Paris, in Pessac, France beginning in 2001 and thus bear the mint master mark of Gérard Buquoy, Serge Levet and Hubert Larivière, directors of the mint from 2001–2002, 2003 and 2004–present, respectively.

Mint master marks on Monegasque euro coins
Mark Mark description Name of mint master Coin dates
Euro mintmaster france 02.jpg
horseshoe Gérard Buquoy 2001–2002
Euro mintmaster france 03.jpg
stylized heart with the initials of the mint master Serge Levet 2003
Euro mintmaster france 04.jpg
[4]
hunting horn, a wave and a fish Hubert Larivière 2004–2010[8]
[6] pentagon with letters AG, MP and YS Yves Sampo 2011–present

Netherlands[edit]

The mint masters of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt (Royal Dutch Mint) in Utrecht use mint master's marks on all Dutch euro coins minted at this location.[9]

Mint master marks on Dutch euro coins
Mark Mark description Name of mint master Coin dates
Euro mintmaster netherlands 01.jpg
bow and arrow Drs. Chr. van Draanen 1999
Euro mintmaster netherlands 02.jpg
bow and arrow with a star[7] E. J. van Schauwenburg 2000
Euro mintmaster netherlands 03.jpg
vine branch and fruits R. Bruens 2001
Euro mintmaster netherlands 04.jpg
vine branch and fruits with a star[7] Maarten Brouwer 2002
Euro mintmaster netherlands 05.jpg
sailboat Maarten Brouwer 2003–present

Slovenia[edit]

Slovenian euro coins dated 2008–present were produced at Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt in Utrecht, the Netherlands, and bear the mint master mark of Maarten Brouwer, director of the Royal Dutch Mint from 2003 onwards.

Mint master mark on Slovenian euro coins 2008–present
Mark Mark description Name of mint master Coin dates
Euro mintmaster netherlands 05.jpg
sailboat Maarten Brouwer 2008–present

Designer, sculptor and engraver initials on euro coins[edit]

Each country had the opportunity to design its own national side of the euro coin. Most coins bear the initials or the name of the designer somewhere in the national design. For example, all eight motives of the common reverse sides of the euro coins bear the stylized initials "LL" for Luc Luycx. Euro.inscription.common.jpg

Designer, sculptor and engraver initials on standard euro coins[edit]

Inscriptions of initials on standard issue euro coins by country
Euro coin denomination Inscription image Inscription text Name Title
France
1, 2, 5 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.france.008.jpg
F. COURTIADE Fabienne Courtiade designer
10, 20, 50 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.france.jpg
[10]
L. JORIO d'ap. O.ROTY Laurent Jorio, Oscar Roty[11] designer
1, 2 euro
Euro.inscription.initial.france.300.jpg
J. JIMENEZ Joaquim Jimenez designer
Greece
All denominations
Euro.inscription.initial.greece.388.jpg
ΓΣ (stylised) Georges Stamatopoulos designer
Italy
1 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.italy.001.jpg
ED (stylised) Eugenio Driutti engraver
2 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.italy.002.jpg
LDS (stylised) Luciana De Simoni engraver
5 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.italy.005.jpg
ELF Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini engraver
10 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.italy.010.jpg
CM Claudia Momoni engraver
20 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.italy.020.jpg
M.A.C. Maria Angela Cassol engraver
50 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.italy.050.jpg
M (stylised) Roberto Mauri engraver
1 euro
Euro.inscription.initial.italy.100.jpg
LC (stylised) Laura Cretara engraver
2 euro
Euro.inscription.initial.italy.200.jpg
M.C.C. Maria Carmela Colaneri engraver
Luxembourg
All denominations
Euro.inscription.initial.luxembourg.388.jpg
YGC (stylised) Yvette Gastauer-Claire designer
Malta
1, 2 and 5 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.malta.008.jpg
NGB Noel Galea Bason designer
Portugal
All denominations
Euro.inscription.initial.portugal.388.jpg
VS (stylised) Vítor Manuel Fernandes dos Santos designer
San Marino
All denominations
Euro.inscription.sculptor.sanmarino.388.jpg
Ch (stylised) Frantisek Chochola sculptor
All denominations
Euro.inscription.engraver.sanmarino.388.jpg
ELF INC.[12] Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini engraver
Slovakia
1, 2, 5 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.slovakia.008.jpg
Z Drahomír Zobek designer
10, 20, 50 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.slovakia.080.jpg
JČ (stylised) and 'PK' (stylised) Ján Černaj and Pavol Károly designers
1, 2 euro
Euro.inscription.initial.slovakia.300.jpg
IŘ (stylised) Ivan Řehák designer
Vatican City (first series)
1, 2 and 5 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.vat.s01.008.jpg
GV • UP INC.[12] Guido Veroi (sculptor)
Uliana Pernazza (engraver)
10, 20 and 50 cent
Euro.inscription.initial.vat.s01.080.jpg
GV • UP INC.[12] Guido Veroi (sculptor)
Uliana Pernazza (engraver)
1 and 2 euro
Euro.inscription.initial.vat.s01.300.jpg
[10]
GV • UP INC.[12] Guido Veroi (sculptor)
Uliana Pernazza (engraver)
Vatican City (second series)
All denominations
Euro.inscription.sculp.vat.s02.388.jpg
D. LONGO Daniela Longo sculptor
1 cent
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s02.001.jpg
M.A.C. INC.[12] Maria Angela Cassol engraver
2 cent
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s02.002.jpg
LDS (stylized) INC.[12] Luciana De Simoni engraver
5 cent
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s02.005.jpg
ELF INC.[12] Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini engraver
10 cent
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s02.010.jpg
M.C.C. INC.[12] Maria Carmela Colaneri engraver
20 cent
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s02.020.jpg
M.A.C. INC.[12] Maria Angela Cassol engraver
50 cent
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s02.050.jpg
LDS (stylised) INC.[12] Luciana De Simoni engraver
1 euro
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s02.100.jpg
ELF INC.[12] Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini engraver
2 euro
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s02.200.jpg
M.C.C. INC.[12] Maria Carmela Colaneri engraver
Vatican City (third series)
All denominations
Euro.inscription.sculp.vat.s03.388.jpg
D.L. Daniela Longo sculptor
1 and 2 cent
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s03.003.jpg
LDS INC.[12] Luciana De Simoni engraver
5 cent
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s03.005.jpg
ELF INC.[12] Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini engraver
10 cent
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s03.010.jpg
M.C.C. INC.[12] Maria Carmela Colaneri engraver
20 and 50 cent
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s03.070.jpg
M.A.C. INC.[12] Maria Angela Cassol engraver
1 euro
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s03.100.jpg
ELF INC.[12] Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini engraver
2 euro
Euro.inscription.engrv.vat.s03.200.jpg
M.C.C. INC.[12] Maria Carmela Colaneri engraver

Designer, sculptor and engraver initials on €2 commemorative coins[edit]

Inscriptions of initials on €2 commemorative coins by year
Country Inscription image Inscription text Name Title
2004
Finland
2euro.2004.finland.jpg
M M Pertti Mäkinen (designer)
Raimo Makkonen (mint master)
Italy
2euro.2004.italy.jpg
UP (stylised) Uliana Pernazza engraver
San Marino
2euro.2004.sanmarino.jpg
E.L.F. Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini engraver
Vatican
2euro.2004.vatican.jpg
2euro.2004.vatican.inc.jpg[10]
VEROI
L.D.S. INC.[12]
Guido Veroi (designer)
Luciana De Simoni (engraver)
2005
Belgium
2euro.2005.belgium.jpg
LL (stylised) Luc Luycx designer
Finland
2euro.2005.finland.jpg
K Tapio Kettunen designer
Italy
2euro.2005.italy.jpg
M.C.C. Maria Carmela Colaneri engraver
San Marino
2euro.2005.sanmarino.jpg
LDS (stylised) INC.[12] Luciana De Simoni engraver
Vatican
2euro.2005.vatican.jpg
2euro.2005.vatican.inc.jpg[10]
LONGO
ELF INC.[12]
Daniela Longo (designer)
Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini (engraver)
2006
Finland
2euro.2006.finland.jpg
M (the two marks reflect the mirror motif of the coin) Raimo Makkonen mint master
Germany
2euro.2006.germany.jpg
HH Heinz Hoyer designer
Italy
2euro.2006.italy.jpg
M.C.C. Maria Carmela Colaneri engraver
San Marino
2euro.2006.sanmarino.jpg
LDS (stylised) Luciana De Simoni engraver
Vatican
2euro.2006.vatican.jpg
2euro.2006.vatican.inc.jpg
O.ROSSI
MCC INC.[12]
Orietta Rossi (designer)
Maria Carmela Colaneri (engraver)
2007
Germany
2euro.2007.germany.jpg
HH Heinz Hoyer designer
Monaco
2euro.2007.monaco.jpg
R.B.BARON R. B. Baron designer
Portugal
2euro.2007.portugal.jpg
[13]
I Vilar (signature) Irene Vilar designer
San Marino
2euro.2007.sanmarino.jpg
E.L.F. Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini engraver
Vatican
2euro.2007.vatican.jpg
2euro.2007.vatican.inc.jpg
LONGO
MCC INC.[12]
Daniela Longo (designer)
Maria Carmela Colaneri (engraver)
2008
Finland
2euro.2008.fin.sculp.jpg
K Tapio Kettunen sculptor
Germany
2euro.2008.ger.initial.jpg
OE (stylised) Erich Ott designer
Italy
2euro.2008.itl.sculp.jpg
MCC Maria Carmela Colaneri engraver
San Marino
2euro.2008.san.sculp.jpg
[10]
E.L.F. Ettore Lorenzo Frapiccini engraver
Vatican
2euro.2008.vat.initial.jpg
VEROI Guido Veroi engraver

€2 edge inscriptions[edit]

With each member of the Eurozone comes a set of individual coin designs. Included in the individuality of the national obverse face of the euro coins, whose design is left to the member states, is the edge of the €2 coin. Each member was allowed to design a unique inscription that would appear on the €2 coin's edge. Some of these edge inscriptions are carried over from the coins of the yielded currencies in circulation prior to the introduction of the euro.

Standard issue €2 edge inscriptions[edit]

Standard €2 edge inscriptions by country
Country Edge inscription Description
Austria Edge austria s01.jpg The sequence "2 EURO ★★★" repeated four times alternately upright and inverted.
Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Spain 2€ edge inv2.svg2€ edge inv2.svg2€ edge inv2.svg The sequence "2 ★ ★" repeated six times alternately upright and inverted.
Cyprus Edge cyprus s01.jpg The sequence "2 ΕΥΡΩ 2 EURO" repeated twice (2 EURO in Greek and Turkish).
Estonia Estonian 2 euro coin edge (condensed).svg "EESTI ○" (ESTONIA in Estonian) upright and inverted.
Finland Edge finland s01.jpg "SUOMI FINLAND" (FINLAND in Finnish and Swedish, the two official languages in Finland), followed by three lion's heads.
Germany Edge germany s01.jpg "EINIGKEIT UND RECHT UND FREIHEIT" (UNITY AND JUSTICE AND FREEDOM in German), Germany's national motto and the beginning of Germany's national anthem, followed by the Federal Eagle.
Greece Edge greece s01.jpg "ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ ΔΗΜΟΚΡΑΤΙΑ ★" (ELLINIKI DIMOKRATIA: "HELLENIC REPUBLIC" in Greek).
Italy, San Marino, Vatican Edge com1 s01.jpg The sequence "2 ★" repeated six times alternately upright and inverted.
Malta Edge malta s01.jpg The sequence "2✠✠" repeated six times alternately upright and inverted
Netherlands Edge nederland s01.jpg "GOD ★ ZIJ ★ MET ★ ONS ★" (GOD BE WITH US in Dutch). The same lettering had been applied to the larger denomination guilder coins.
Portugal Edge portugal s01.jpg The edge design features the seven castles and five coats of arms also found on the national side, all equally spaced.
Slovakia Edge.slovakia.s01.jpg "SLOVENSKÁ REPUBLIKA" (SLOVAK REPUBLIC in Slovak) with two stars and linden leaf between.
Slovenia Edge slovenia s01.jpg "SLOVENIJA •" (SLOVENIA in Slovene)

Commemorative issue €2 edge inscriptions[edit]

Generally the edge inscription of a €2 commemorative coin does not change from the standard issue counterpart. There are a few exceptions.

Commemorative €2 edge inscriptions by issue date
Year and Country Edge inscription Description
2005, Finland
Inscription.finland.2 euro commemorative.2005.jpg
"YK 1945–2005 FN" ("UN 1945–2005 UN" in Finnish and Swedish, the official languages of Finland) followed by three lion's heads. "YK" stands for "Yhdistyneet Kansakunnat" and "FN" stands for "Förenta Nationerna".[14] Issued to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations and Finland's 50 year membership in the UN.[15]
2007, Finland
Edge.finland.tor.jpg
"ROMFÖRDRAGET 50 ÅR EUROPA" ("TREATY OF ROME 50 YEARS EUROPE" in Swedish, one of the official languages of Finland. The same words in Finnish - "ROOMAN SOPIMUS 50 V EUROOPPA" - appear on the face of this coin). Issued to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Rome.[16]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "OJ 2005/ L 186/1" (PDF). Official Journal of the European Union. 18 July 2005. 
  2. ^ As applied to the 2008 amended design onward.
  3. ^ a b As applied to the 2007 amended design onward.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Monnaie de Paris "About our mint master's mark"". Retrieved 2007-10-23. 
  5. ^ a b c Coins minted in Finland have "FI", "F" or "S" as the mint mark.
  6. ^ a b http://www.muenzenwoche.de/de/Archiv/8?&id=566&type=n
  7. ^ a b c The star represents a temporary director.
  8. ^ There are no Monegasque coins issued into general circulation with this mint master mark on them. Coins minted from 2004–2006 were minted in proof quality for collector sets only and none were produced in 2007.
  9. ^ The span between 1999 and 2003 marks the first time in Dutch currency history where five different mint master's marks were used in consecutive years.
  10. ^ a b c d e The image has been rotated 90 degrees clockwise for presentation purposes.
  11. ^ In 1898, Oscar Roty created the famous character of La Semeuse (the Sower) for the silver coins of the 3rd Republic. The 'Sower' is represented on the 10, 20 and 50 cent French euro coins. The original design of that character is attributed to him in this inscription.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w INC is the Italian abbreviation for 'engraver'.
  13. ^ The image has been rotated 90 degrees counter-clockwise for presentation purposes.
  14. ^ see Wiktionary:Yhdistyneet Kansakunnat and Wiktionary:United Nations - Translations
  15. ^ 2005 commemorative euro coins from the European Commission
  16. ^ Celebrating 50 years of Europe with the euro from the European Commission

References[edit]