Idlib

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Idlib
ادلب
Edlib
Typical olive field in the valleys surrounding Idlib
Typical olive field in the valleys surrounding Idlib
Idlib is located in Syria
Idlib
Idlib
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 35°56′N 36°38′E / 35.933°N 36.633°E / 35.933; 36.633
Country  Syria
Governorate Idlib Governorate
District Idlib District
Government
 • Governor Atef Ghanem al-Naddaf
Elevation 500 m (1,600 ft)
Population (2004 census[1])
 • City 98,791
 • Metro 126,284
Area code(s) 23
Website eIdleb
Olive fields at the outskirts of the city. Idlib is major production center of olives

Idlib (Arabic: ادلب‎, also spelled Edlib or Idleb) is a city in northwestern Syria, capital of the Idlib Governorate, and 59 kilometers (37 mi) west of Aleppo. It has an elevation of nearly 500 meters (1,600 ft) above sea level. In the 2004 census by the Central Bureau of Statistics, Idlib had a population of 98,791 (2004 census). The inhabitants are overwhelmingly Sunni Muslims,[2] although there is a significant Christian minority. Idlib is divided into six main districts: Ashrafiyeh (the most populous), Hittin, Hejaz, Downtown, Hurriya, and al-Qusur.

A major agricultural center of Syria, the Idlib area is also historically significant, containing many "dead cities" and man-made tells. Idlib contains the ancient city of Ebla, once the capital of a powerful kingdom.[3] ancient kingdoms of Nuhašše and Luhuti flourished in the Governorate during the Bronze and Iron ages.[4]

History[edit]

Ottoman era[edit]

During the Ottoman Empire era of rule in Syria between the 16th and 19th centuries, Idlib served as the capital of a kada ("subdistrict capital") bearing its name, part of the larger Vilayet of Aleppo ("Province of Aleppo.")[5] The city was a center of olive production which in turn gave way to a prosperous olive-based soap industry. Although the major markets for Idlib's soap were at Aleppo, Antioch and Hama,[6] the product was exported as far as the Ottoman capital of Istanbul. Idlib was also a major producer of cotton fabrics.[7] Western traveler Josias Leslie Porter noted that Idlib was "encompassed in olive groves, rare in this bleak region." He further remarked that its olives groves were larger than those of Damascus, Beirut or Gaza. In the mid-19th-century the town had an estimated population of 8,000, including 500 Christians.[6] In the late 19th-century, Idlib was "flourishing" and contained a number of Christian families according to German writers working for Karl Baedeker.[5]

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot-summer Mediterranean (Csa).[8] Summers are hot and rainless, while winters are rainy and cool.

The highest record temperatures was 44 °C (111 °F) on June 16, 2012, while the lowest record temperature was −4 °C (25 °F) on November 30, 2011.[9]

Climate data for Idlib
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 20
(68)
21
(70)
26
(79)
35
(95)
37
(99)
44
(111)
42
(108)
39
(102)
38
(100)
37
(99)
29
(84)
24
(75)
44
(111)
Average high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
12.2
(54)
16.7
(62.1)
22.2
(72)
28
(82)
31.7
(89.1)
33.2
(91.8)
34.2
(93.6)
31.8
(89.2)
26.7
(80.1)
18.7
(65.7)
12.2
(54)
23.13
(73.62)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.2
(43.2)
7.7
(45.9)
11.3
(52.3)
15.8
(60.4)
20.9
(69.6)
25
(77)
27.1
(80.8)
27.8
(82)
25.1
(77.2)
20
(68)
13
(55)
8.1
(46.6)
17.33
(63.17)
Average low °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
3.2
(37.8)
6
(43)
9.5
(49.1)
13.8
(56.8)
18.4
(65.1)
21
(70)
21.4
(70.5)
18.4
(65.1)
13.4
(56.1)
7.4
(45.3)
4
(39)
11.58
(52.86)
Record low °C (°F) −2
(28)
−3
(27)
1
(34)
3
(37)
8
(46)
15
(59)
18
(64)
20
(68)
15
(59)
4
(39)
−4
(25)
−4
(25)
−4
(25)
Precipitation mm (inches) 97
(3.82)
88
(3.46)
59
(2.32)
41
(1.61)
18
(0.71)
5
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
6
(0.24)
25
(0.98)
41
(1.61)
93
(3.66)
473
(18.61)
Source #1: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 432m)[8]
Source #2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures[9]

Economy[edit]

Idlib is a major production center for olives, cotton, wheat and fruits, particularly cherries.[3] Other principal crops include almonds, sesame seeds, figs, grapes and tomatoes.[10] In 1995 there were roughly 300 hectares planted with various citrus crop.[11] Olive oil pressing and textiles are some of the city's local industries.[10] The nearby city of Aleppo has an important economic presence in Idlib.[3]

The Idlib Regional Museum in the city contains over 17,000 of the Ebla tablets and serves as Idlib's main tourist attraction, excluding the nearby ancient site of Ebla itself. Under the Technical and Financial Cooperation Agreement between the governments of Italy and Syria, the museum was to undergo a restoration and renovation project starting in 2010.[12]

Sports[edit]

Omayya Idlib, founded in 1972, is the most popular football team in the city. The club played in the Syrian Premier League for the 2011-2012 season. Idlib Municipal Stadium is the main football venue in the city.

Gallery[edit]

Coordinates: 35°56′N 36°38′E / 35.933°N 36.633°E / 35.933; 36.633

References[edit]

  1. ^ Idlib city population
  2. ^ Mroue, Bassem. "Syrian forces capture rebel stronghold near Turkey". The Salt Lake Tribune. Associated Press. 2012-03-13. Retrieved on 2012-03-13.
  3. ^ a b c Casule, 2008, p.56.
  4. ^ John David Hawkins. Inscriptions of the Iron Age: Part 1. p. 400. 
  5. ^ a b Baedeker, 1912, p.376.
  6. ^ a b Porter, 1868, p. 580.
  7. ^ Inalcik, 1997, p.501.
  8. ^ a b "Climate: Idlib - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  9. ^ a b "Idlib, Syria". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 2013-12-03. 
  10. ^ a b Idlib, Syria. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc. 2012. Retrieved on 2012-03-11.
  11. ^ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1996, p. 147.
  12. ^ Ferrari, 2009, p. 522.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

News and Events[edit]

  • eIdleb The first complete website for Idleb news and services.
  • www.edleb.net The 1st. complete website in Arabic.

Governmental Services[edit]

  • E.sy The First Complete Governmental Online Services