Idnibba

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Idnibba
Idnibba is located in Mandatory Palestine
Idnibba
Idnibba
Arabic إدنبّة
Name meaning The lower part of a valley through which water flows.[1]
Also spelled Dhenebbeh
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°44′31.56″N 34°51′21.38″E / 31.7421000°N 34.8559389°E / 31.7421000; 34.8559389Coordinates: 31°44′31.56″N 34°51′21.38″E / 31.7421000°N 34.8559389°E / 31.7421000; 34.8559389
Palestine grid 136/127
Population 490[2] (1945)
Area 8,103[2] dunams
Date of depopulation June 1, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Kfar Menahem

Idnibba (Arabic: إدنبّة‎) was a Palestinian village, located at latitude 31.7426937N and longitude 34.8561001,E in the southern part of the Ramle Subdistrict. It was depopulated in 1948, at which time its population was 568, and its lands are now used by Kfar Menahem.

History[edit]

Idnibba may have been built on the site of the Roman settlement of Danuba. The Crusaders also called it Danuba.[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1517, the village was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire with the rest of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the Ottoman tax registers being in the nahiya (subdistrict) of Gaza under the liwa' (district) of Gaza with a population of 198. It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley and sesame seeds, as well as goats and beehives.[5]

In 1863 Victor Guérin found the village to be situated on a low hill, and with a population of 600. He also noted a well which was built with ancient blocks, and olives gardens surrounding the village.[6] In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described Idnibba as a village built of stone and adobe and situated on high ground. It was surrounded by cactus hedges and had a fig tree orchard to the south.[7]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Idnebbeh had a population of 275, all Muslims,[8] increasing in the 1931 census to 345, still all Muslims, in a total of 87 houses.[9]

Most villagers worked in agriculture and animal husbandry.[4] In 1945 the population was 490, all Arabs, while the total land area was 8,103 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[2] Of this, a total of 5,277 dunums of village land was used for cereals, 85 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards, of which 64 dunums was for olives.[4][10] while 25 dunams were classified as built-up public areas.[11]

1948 and aftermath[edit]

On 16 July 1948, during Operation An-Far, Givati HQ informed General Staff\Operations that "our forces have entered the villages of Qazaza, Kheima, Jilya, Idnibba, Mughallis, expelled the inhabitants, [and] blown up and torched a number of houses. The area is at the moment clear of Arabs."[12]

There are no Israeli settlements on village lands. The settlement of Kefar Menachem, built in 1937, is about 2 km southwest of the village site.[4]

Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi described the remains of Idnibba in 1992: "The site and the surrounding lands have been converted into pastures and woods. A large area has been leveled by bulldozers. Demolished walls and the remnants of stone houses lie at various points on the site. There are natural caves with artificial, arched entrances on the upper, western edge of the site."[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 267
  2. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 66
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. XIX, village #270 "Idhnibba". Also gives cause of depopulation.
  4. ^ a b c d e Khalidi, 1992, p. 382
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 150. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 382
  6. ^ Guérin, 1869, pp. 88 -89
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 409. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p. 382
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 21
  9. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 20.
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 115
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 165
  12. ^ Givati HQ to General Staff\Operations, 20:50 hours, 16 July 1948, IDFA 922\75\\1176. See also Givati Brigade, "Combat Page", 16 July 1948, IDFA 6127\49\\118. Cited in Morris, 2004, p. 437

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]