Idris al-Wathiq

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Idris al-Wathiq
Caliph
Reign 1266-1269
Predecessor Abu Hafs Umar al-Murtada
Successor Marinid dynasty
Dynasty Almohad
Died 1269
Religion Islam

Abu al-Ula al-Wathiq Idris (Arabic: أبو العلا أبو الدبوس الواثق بالله إدريس بن محمد بن أبي عبد الله محمد بن أبي حفص بن عبد المؤمن‎; died 1269) was an Almohad caliph who reigned in Marrakech from 1266 until his death.

Marrakech had been besieged for a first time by the Marinid sultan Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Abd Al-Haqq before 1266, although unsuccessfully. Idris took the chance of the confused situation to oust his cousin Abu Hafs Umar al-Murtada with Abu Yusuf's support, and to declare himself Almohad caliph, although his power barely extended outside the city. However, the Marinid ruler changed idea eventually, spurring the Ziyyanid Abu Yahya Yaghmurasin ibn Zayyan to attack Marrakech. The siege lasted from 1268 until September 1269, when the city fell. Idris II was assassinated by a slave.

Idris' death marked the end of the Almohad caliphate.

Sources[edit]

  • Julien, Charles-André. Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, des origines à 1830, Payot, Paris, 1994.
Preceded by
Abu Hafs Umar al-Murtada
Almohad dynasty
1266-1269
Succeeded by
To the Marinids