Idu Mishmi language

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Not to be confused with Idun language.
Idu Mishmi
Region India: Assam; Arunachal Pradesh: Dibang Valley district; [(East Siang District)]; [(Upper Siang)] West Bengal. China: southeastern Tibet Autonomous Region: Nyingchi Prefecture: Zayü County; western Yunnan
Ethnicity Mishmi people (categorized as Lhoba and Mishmi)
Native speakers
11,000  (2001 census)[1]
Possibly Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 clk
Glottolog idum1241[2]

The Idu Mishmi language (simplified Chinese: 义都语; pinyin: Yìdōu yŭ) is a small language spoken by the Mishmi people in Dibang Valley district of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh and in Zayü County of the Tibet Autonomous Region, China. There were 8569 speakers in India in 1981 and 7000 speakers in China in 1994. It is considered an endangered language.


The Idu Mishmi people did not usually have a script of their own. When needed Idu Mishmis tended to use the Tibetan script. Currently the Idu Mishmi have developed a script known as "Idu Azobra".

Alternative names[edit]

The Idu Mishmi language is often referred to as:

  • Chulikata by the Assamese.
  • Idu in general.
  • Yidu may be used in China.
  • Midu, Mindri and Mithu (also called Bebejias by the Assamese) are subclassifications within the Idu tribe based on the pitch and pronunciation of certain words. However, Idu people prefer the ethonym "Kera-Ah" (children of Kera)[3]


Dialect name Alternative name (if any) Area spoken
Mindri Anini area
Mithu Bebejia Hunli, Desali, Koronu, Abango, Injuno, Bhismaknagar, Roing
Midu Roing, Dambuk, Aohali
Mihi Ahi valley (Anelih)


  1. ^ Idu Mishmi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Idu Mishmi". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Idu