Idukki district

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This article is about Idukki district . For the Idukki town, see Idukki, India.
Idukki
ഇടുക്കി
district
Anamudi peak
Anamudi peak
Idukki is located in Kerala
Idukki
Idukki
Coordinates: 9°51′N 76°56′E / 9.85°N 76.94°E / 9.85; 76.94Coordinates: 9°51′N 76°56′E / 9.85°N 76.94°E / 9.85; 76.94
Country India
State Kerala
Headquarters Painavu
Government
 • Collector E. Devadasan
Area
 • Total 4,479 km2 (1,729 sq mi)
Elevation 1,200 m (3,900 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,129,221
 • Density 259/km2 (670/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-KL-IDU
Vehicle registration KL-06(Idukki),KL-37(Vandipperiyar),KL-38(Thodupuzha),KL-68(Adimaly),KL-69(Udumbanchola) (KLI{Old}).
Website www.idukki.nic.in

Idukki is one of the 14 districts of Kerala state, India. Idukki district was formed on 26 January 1972. At the time of formation the district headquarters had been functioning at Kottayam and from there it was shifted to Painavu in June 1976.

Etymology[edit]

The name of the district is derived from the Malayalam word Idukku ( ഇടുക്ക് ), meaning narrow gorge.

Geography[edit]

Idukki has an area of 4,479 km2 (1,729 sq mi) and is the second largest District of Kerala (the largest being Palakkad). Rugged mountains and forests cover about 97 percent of the total area of the District. The district borders the Kerala districts of Pathanamthitta to the south, Kottayam to the southwest, Ernakulam to the northwest and Thrissur to the north and Coimbature, Dindigul and Theni Districts in Tamil Nadu to the east. The district is accessible only by road. Rail and Airlink is not available. National Highway NH 49 and State highgways 13 and 33 passes through the district. [1]

Scenic view of Idukki Reservoir.

Anamudi, the highest peak in India south of the Himalayas, is in the Kuttampuzha Panchayat of Adimali Block, in the Kannan Devan Hills Village of Devikulam taluk. Thirteen other peaks in the district exceed a height of 2,000 m (6,600 ft). The Periyar, Thodupuzhayar and Thalayar are the important rivers of the district. Idukki Dam, Asia's largest Arch Dam is located at Idukki Town of Idukki Taluk.The points where the Periyar flows through the gorge formed between two high massive rocks called "Kuravan" and "Kurathi" is the site of the Idukki arch dam.[1]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Idukki district has a population of 1,107,453.[2] This ranks it as 416th among the 640 districts of India. The district has a population density of 254 inhabitants per square kilometre (660 /sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was −1.93%. Idukki has a sex ratio of 1006 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 92.2 per cent.[2]

Places of interest[edit]

Munnar[edit]

Munnar was the summer resort of the British Government in the south. The town is situated at the convergence of three mountain streams namely Muthirappuzha, Nallathanni and Kundala. Munnar has some of the largest tea plantations in the world. This hill station, which is more than 5000 feet above sea level, is a well-known tourist attraction noted for its scenic and picturesque landscapes.

Marayur[edit]

Marayur is a remote village on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. The relics of new stone-age civilisation has been unearthed here. It has ancient stone cabins, called 'Muniyaras', and is the only place in Kerala having natural growths of sandal wood trees.

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary[edit]

Thattekad Bird Sanctuary lies on the northern bank of the Periyar river. The sanctuary is about 25 km2 (10 sq mi). The bird sanctuary is the first of its kind in Kerala and is famous for its variety of bird species. The renowned ornithologist Dr. Salim Ali and his efforts are behind the formation of this sanctuary. This sanctuary is 80 km. from Cochin. Important birds found here include falcon, jungle fowl, water hen, hornbill etc. The flora of this area consists mainly of plantations of teak, rosewood, mahogany etc.

Eravikulam Wild Life Sanctuary[edit]

Eravikulam is another wild life sanctuary proclaimed as a National Park. It supports the largest population of Nilgiri Tahr in the world. Anamudi peak is on the southern part of this park. Most of the park is grassland and the average altitude is more than 2000 meters above Sea level. Heavy rain and gushing winds makes the area inaccessible during the monsoon season. The famous Neelakurinji (Strobilanthes kunthiana) grows here. It has a flowering cycle of 12 years.[3]

Protected areas[edit]

This district has several protected areas including: Periyar Tiger Reserve in the south, Kurinjimala Sanctuary to the east, Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary to the northeast, Eravikulam National Park and Anamudi Shola National Park to the north, Pampadum Shola National Park to the south and Thattekad Bird Sanctuary in the west. These protected areas are well known for several threatened and endemic species including Tiger, Nilgiri Tahr, Grizzled Giant Squirrel, Nilgiri Wood-pigeon, Elephant, Gaur, Sambar Deer, Purple Frog and Neelakurinji.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b map Idukki map "Idukki District". 
  2. ^ a b c "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Information and Public Relations Department, Govt. of Kerala". 
  4. ^ Government of Kerala, Forest and Wildlife Department, Notification No. 36/2006 F&WLD (6 October 2006) retrieved 5/12/2007 Kerala Gazette
  5. ^ Roy, Mathew (25 September 2006). "Proposal for Kurinjimala sanctuary awaits Cabinet nod". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 December 2007. 

External links[edit]