Dutywa

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Dutywa
Idutywa
The N2 about to enter Idutywa
The N2 about to enter Idutywa
Dutywa is located in South Africa
Dutywa
Dutywa
 Dutywa shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 32°06′S 28°18′E / 32.100°S 28.300°E / -32.100; 28.300Coordinates: 32°06′S 28°18′E / 32.100°S 28.300°E / -32.100; 28.300
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Amathole
Municipality Mbhashe
Established 1858
Area[1]
 • Total 20.83 km2 (8.04 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 11,076
 • Density 530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 96.6%
 • Coloured 1.3%
 • Indian/Asian 0.7%
 • White 1.1%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Xhosa 91.6%
 • English 3.3%
 • Other 5.1%
Postal code (street) 5000
PO box 5000
Area code 047

Dutywa (formerly Idutywa)[2] is a town in the Eastern Cape of South Africa, formerly part of the Transkei bantustan. It is the birthplace of Thabo Mbeki, who became President of South Africa in 1999.[3] It is 35 kilometres north of Gcuwa (formerly known as Butterworth) on the N2 road.[4] Dutywa is the seat of the Mbhashe Municipality in the Amatole District.[5]

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1858 as a military fort after a dispute between a Natal Colony raiding party and local people.[6] It is named after the Dutywa River, a tributary of the Mbhashe River.[7] The name means "place of disorder" in the Xhosa language.[6][8] Its spelling was officially changed from "Idutywa" to "Dutywa" on 16 July 2004.[9] The settlement was laid out in 1884 and was made a municipality in 1913.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Dutywa". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Jenkins, Elwyn (2007), Falling into place: the story of modern South African place names, David Philip Publishers, p. 75 
  3. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica: Thabo Mbeki
  4. ^ Pinchuck, Tony (2002). South Africa. Rough Guides. p. 425. ISBN 1-85828-853-3. 
  5. ^ "Routes Travel Info Portal: Idutywa". Retrieved 2008-09-30. 
  6. ^ a b Wild Coast Towns: Idutywa
  7. ^ Dictionary of Southern African Place Names
  8. ^ a b "Idutywa". Routes Travel Info Portal. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 
  9. ^ Mlambo-Ngcuka, Phumzile (as Minister of Arts and Culture) (16 July 2004). "Approval of official place names". Government Gazette (Pretoria: Government Printer). 26552: 9–11.