Idyllwild-Pine Cove, California

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Idyllwild-Pine Cove-Fern Valley
census-designated place
Idyllwild-Pine Cove
Idyllwild
Idyllwild
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Coordinates: 33°44′40″N 116°43′33″W / 33.74444°N 116.72583°W / 33.74444; -116.72583Coordinates: 33°44′40″N 116°43′33″W / 33.74444°N 116.72583°W / 33.74444; -116.72583
Country  United States
State  California
County Riverside
Area[1]
 • Total 13.733 sq mi (35.568 km2)
 • Land 13.723 sq mi (35.542 km2)
 • Water 0.010 sq mi (0.026 km2)  0.07%
Elevation 5,345 ft (1,629 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,874
 • Density 280/sq mi (110/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92549
Area code(s) 951
FIPS code 06-36203

Idyllwild, Pine Cove, and Fern Valley are three adjacent communities, of which Idyllwild is the largest, located in the San Jacinto Mountains in Riverside County, California, United States. "Mile-high Idyllwild" is a popular southern California mountain resort about one mile (1.6 km) in altitude. Idyllwild is flanked by two large rocks, Tahquitz Peak (with nearby Lily Rock) and Suicide Rock, which are famous in Southern California rock climbing circles. One of Idyllwild's attractions is that it offers all four seasons, yet in snowy winter is only an hour's drive down to the warm desert on the Pines to Palms Scenic Byway. It offers no lake for speedboats and no downhill skiing; thus the hill has been minimally developed over the years and remains a center for hiking, mountain and rock climbing, and horseback riding. Idyllwild also has a fine cultural scene, which includes a music and arts school formerly affiliated with the University of Southern California and an annual musical festival called Idyllwild Jazz in the Pines every August. The Idyllwild community also generally includes the hamlets of Mountain Center and Garner Valley, though individual residents embrace this association to varying degrees.

Idyllwild, Pine Cove, and Fern Valley are not incorporated municipalities. In order to provide statistical information for them, the United States Census Bureau has defined Idyllwild-Pine Cove as a single census-designated place (CDP). The statistical information applies to the entire CDP, although local views of the community vary somewhat from the definition of the CDP. The population of the CDP was 3,874 at the 2010 census, up from 3,504 as of the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Idyllwild was once the summer home for bands of Cahuilla Indians, who migrated to the area to escape the heat of lower elevation deserts. The Cahuilla's grinding slabs can still be seen in Idyllwild.

A Cahuilla legend recounts how tribesmen chanted over the body of their fallen chieftain Tahquitz, or Takwish, who had been possessed by an evil spirit and killed his sweetheart. Suddenly his body began to glow like fire, and he rose and settled on Idyllwild's Tahquitz Rock. According to the legend, Tahquitz is trapped beneath the rock with a rattlesnake and a condor for company, and when the mountain shakes and trembles, it is not an earthquake, but Tahquitz up to his evil tricks on Lily Rock.

Idyllwild was known originally as Strawberry Valley because of the wild strawberries that grow there, especially beside the creek that runs through the town, Strawberry Creek. Shepherds regularly brought their flocks to the valley. In the 1880s, the Domenigoni family of San Jacinto homesteaded land near what is now the Idyllwild Arts Academy. In 1889, George and Sarah Hannahs built a summer camp next to the site of their sawmill in upper Dutch Flat; they named it Camp Idyllwilde. By the 1890s a toll road had been built from Hemet, which opened Idyllwild to settlement, logging, and tourism. A post office was established in 1893; at this time, the town was called Rayneta after the Hannahs' son Raymond.

In 1901, the Idyllwild Sanatorium was built to treat tuberculosis patients. The sanatorium was soon remodeled as a resort called "Idyllwild Among the Pines," and, later, "Idyllwild." In 1901, the town's official named was changed to Idyllwild.

With the invention of the automobile, Idyllwild became a weekend tourist attraction for people in Southern California. For many years, the town presented itself as an alpine village, and hotels and businesses had German or German-sounding names, but this practice ended during World War II.

From the 1930s to 1950s, Idyllwild was a center for the production of pinecraft furniture, sometimes called "knotty pine furniture", the fine log furniture made in the Arts and Crafts style. Under the direction of Charles "Selden" Belden, the furniture was produced by the Idyllwild Pinecraft Furniture Company and, later, C. Selden Belden Idyllwild Pinecraft. The furniture is now "collectible" and can be found in many Idyllwild houses and cabins.

In the late 1960s and 1970s, there was an influx of hippies in Idyllwild, which changed the nature of the town and alarmed many longtime residents. Timothy Leary lived on a ranch in nearby Garner Valley, with the ranch serving as the headquarters of The Brotherhood of Eternal Love.[2] Currently the ranch encampment in Garner Valley is operated by Camp Ronald McDonald for Good Times as a year-round retreat for children with cancer and their families.

From 1974 to 1979, Idyllwild hosted the Idyllwild Bluegrass Invitational, then the only bluegrass music festival in Southern California, inspired by the Julian Banjo-Fiddle Contest, which still goes on today on the 3rd weekend in September. Idyllwild also hosted the Bear Flag Festival in the 1950s/1960s/1970s, a festival to honor California's Bear Flag and to mark the passing of the grizzly bear from California, the last of which, according to local legend, was killed at Hurkey Creek in Garner Valley.

Most high school-age students in Idyllwild attend school in Hemet, which requires them to travel by school bus some 35 miles (56 km) in distance and 3,000 feet (910 m) in altitude to and from school. Since the 1950s, some Idyllwild parents have agitated for a high school in the town, and there have been many attempts at establishing high schools, but most of the schools proved short-lived. Startup schools that failed included Hi-Lo Alternative (a public school located at what is now the Idyllwild Arts Academy, operated by Mary Glavin), New Schole Ranch (a private school in Mountain Center), and Freedom Schools, Inc. (a private school operated in Mountain Center by Mary Ellen DuBay). Desert Sun School (later called the Elliott-Pope School), a private boarding school that accepted both boarded & day students, closed in December 1990, due to financial mischief, after operating for 65 years in Idyllwild.

The Tribe of Tahquitz Boy Scout honor society was created in Idyllwild in 1925.

The Yosemite Decimal System of grading routes was developed at Tahquitz by members of the Rock Climbing Section of the Angeles Chapter of the Sierra Club in the 1950s.[3]

Idyllwild and the nearby areas of Garner Valley and Lake Hemet have been used for filming since the silent film era. Although most of Cecil B. DeMille's The Squaw Man (1914) was filmed in Los Angeles and vicinity, footage of cattle on the open range were shot at the "H.J." Ranch at Keen Camp, midway between Idyllwild and Garner Valley.[4] A number of Westerns have been filmed at the Garner Ranch in Garner Valley: Guns and Guitars (1936), Heading for the Rio Grande (1936), Springtime in the Rockies (1937), Brothers in the Saddle (1949), Riders of the Range (1949), and Storm over Wyoming (1950). The Garner Ranch also stood in for the Ponderosa in episodes of the TV show Bonanza. In 1961 and 1962, the Elvis Presley musical Kid Galahad was filmed in Idyllwild and vicinity. The 1980s television series Air Wolf and various GM, Dodge and Ford commercials have also been filmed in the area. The biker funeral procession from the 1966 film The Wild Angels was filmed in Idyllwild. Notable landmark includes Silver Pines Lodge, which was named Hillbilly Lodge at the time of the filming.

Geography[edit]

Idyllwild-Pine Cove-Fern Valley is located at 33°44′40″N 116°43′33″W / 33.7443335°N 116.7257916°W / 33.7443335; -116.7257916.[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 13.7 square miles (35 km2), of which, 13.7 square miles (35 km2) of it is land and 0.07% is water.

The Idyllwild-Pine Cove-Fern Valley area is located in Southern California's San Jacinto Mountains, which contain 10,834-foot (3,302 m) high San Jacinto Peak,[6] Southern California's second highest mountain, after Mount San Gorgonio. At an elevation of about 5,300 feet (1,600 m), Idyllwild lies mostly within a high mountain valley bisected by a small year-round stream, Strawberry Creek. Pine Cove occupies a ridgetop location nearly 1,000 feet (300 m) higher than Idyllwild. Ancient ponderosa pine is the major flora of the area.

Normal travel distances and times to the area are approximately 120 miles (two hours) from Los Angeles and San Diego, California.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Idyllwild-Pine Cove has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[7]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[8] reported that Idyllwild-Pine Cove had a population of 3,874. The population density was 282.1 people per square mile (108.9/km²). The racial makeup of Idyllwild-Pine Cove was 3,434 (89%) White, 32 (1%) African American, 30 (1%) Native American, 135 (4%) Asian, 6 (<1%) Pacific Islander, 88 (2%) from other races, and 149 (4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 479 persons (12%).

The Census reported that 3,527 people (91% of the population) lived in households, 347 (9%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 1,682 households, out of which 314 (19%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 793 (47%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 111 (7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 75 (5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 94 (6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 44 (3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 542 households (32%) were made up of individuals and 225 (13%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10. There were 979 families (58% of all households); the average family size was 2.62.

The population was spread out with 741 people (19%) under the age of 18, 285 people (7%) aged 18 to 24, 652 people (17%) aged 25 to 44, 1,423 people (34%) aged 45 to 64, and 773 people (20%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49.8 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.4 males.

There were 4,116 housing units at an average density of 299.7 per square mile (115.7/km²), of which 1,174 (70%) were owner-occupied, and 508 (30%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 9%; the rental vacancy rate was 18%. 2,423 people (63% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,104 people (29%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 3,504 people, 1,615 households, and 965 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 254.6 people per square mile (98.2/km²). There were 4,002 housing units at an average density of 290.7 per square mile (112.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92% White, 1% Black or African American, 1% Native American, 1% Asian, <1% Pacific Islander, 2% from other races, and 4% from two or more races. 8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,615 households out of which 23% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49% were married couples living together, 8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40% were non-families. 32% of all households were made up of individuals and 11% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.2 and the average family size was 2.7.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 20% under the age of 18, 5% from 18 to 24, 22% from 25 to 44, 35% from 45 to 64, and 18% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $35,625, and the median income for a family was $48,520. Males had a median income of $36,734 versus $31,125 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $23,443. About 7% of families and 13% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19% of those under age 18 and 4% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Idyllwild-Pine Cove is located in the 37th Senate District, represented by Republican Bill Emmerson, and in the 64th Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Nestande. Federally, Idyllwild-Pine Cove is located in California's 36th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +3[10] and is represented by Democrat Raul Ruiz.

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Riverside County Regional Park and Open-Space District operates the Idyllwild Park and Idyllwild Nature Center.[11]

Notable people[edit]

Idyllwild is home to many artists and musicians, notably drummer David Atwood of the 1970s rock group America, Bobby Womack, and Richard Halligan, a founding member of Blood, Sweat & Tears.

Film actors who have owned or still have homes in Idyllwild and the surrounding area include Charles Laughton, Marjorie Main, Sharon Lawrence, Barbara Hershey, Conor O'Farrell, Doris Day, Michael J. Fox, Sean Connery, Dolly Parton, Herb Jeffries, Craig Stevens and Horace Hahn, who had a supporting role in the Cecil B. DeMille film This Day and Age (1933).[citation needed] American Idol season 10 contestant Casey Abrams is also from Idyllwild.

Youth and the arts[edit]

For over 60 years the community has been the home of the Idyllwild Arts Foundation, which began in 1950 as a summer arts program for adults, families and children, founded by Bea and Max Krone. Administered by the University of Southern California from 1964 through 1985, the program was known as ISOMATA - Idyllwild School of Music and the Arts.

In 1985, the Foundation purchased ISOMATA from USC, and followed by the founding of the private Idyllwild Arts Foundation (IAF) in 1986. IAF is a private, fully accredited high school for boarding and day students. The college-preparatory curriculum includes training in music, theatre, dance, visual art, creative writing, moving pictures and multi-disciplinary InterArts and fashion design program.

In January 2010, Idyllwild hosted the Idyllwild International Festival of Cinema, with over 40 official selections from around the world. The annual festival reached break-even in 2012 (showing 67 films) and continues to grow. For 2013 it was renamed the Idyllwild CinemaFest[citation needed]

Within the community, there are many art galleries and weekly art events, most featuring local practicing artists. A strong music and local theatre element exists, with various small venues featuring everything from classical music to current popular music and jazz.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ Hollingshead, Michael (1974) The Man Who Turned On the World. Abelard-Schuman. Chapter 9.
  3. ^ Mountaineering: The Freedom of the Hills, 6th Edition, The Mountaineers, Seattle, Washington, ISBN 0-89886-426-7. P. 550.
  4. ^ Birchard, Robert S. (2004), Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood, Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky, p. 8-9, ISBN 0-8131-2324-0
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Idyllwild-Pine Cove Census Designated Place
  6. ^ "San Jacinto". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2009-02-28. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Idyllwild-Pine Cove, California
  8. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Idyllwild-Pine Cove CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  11. ^ Lech, Steve (2011). More Than a Place To Pitch a Rent: The Stories Behind Riverside County's Regional Parks. Riverside, CA: Steve Lech. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-9837500-0-0. OCLC 768249467. 

External links[edit]