Ifugao language

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Native to Philippines
Region Ifugao Province, Luzon
Native speakers
unknown (130,000 cited 1987–2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
ifb – Batad Ifugao
ifa – Amganad Ifugao
ifu – Mayoyao Ifugao
ifk – Tuwali Ifugao
Glottolog ifug1247[2]
Area where the Ifugao dialect continuum is spoken according to Ethnologue

Ifugao or Batad is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken in the Ifugao Province of the northern valleys Philippines, closely related to Bontok and Kankana-ey.[3] It is a dialect continuum, and its four main varieties—such as Tuwali—are sometimes considered separate languages.[4]

Loanwords from other languages, such as Ilocano language, are replacing some older terminology.[5]


The unified Ifugao alphabet is as follows: A, B, D, E, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, Ng, O, P, T, U, W, Y. The letters are pronounced differently depending on the dialect of speaker.[6]


  1. ^ Batad Ifugao at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Amganad Ifugao at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Mayoyao Ifugao at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Tuwali Ifugao at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ifugaw". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ (Lebar, 1975: 78)
  4. ^ (Newell and Poligon, 1993)
  5. ^ Kinnud, Richard (2013-08-21). "Language Change in the Cordillera". Sun.Star (Baguio). Retrieved 2013-08-30. 
  6. ^ Hay Mahun an Bahaon, A Pre-Primer in Ayangan Ifugao. Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1984.

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