|This article does not cite any references or sources. (April 2009)|
The Igneri were an ethnic group that was once part of the Arawak tribe. They inhabited the Lesser Antilles and Puerto Rico during the Pre-Columbian era. They are said to have originated in the Orinoco region in Venezuela. In Puerto Rico they were preceded by the Arcaico (Archaic) culture, who are believed to have originated in Central America. They were followed by the Taíno culture, who came from the Amazon Basin and are related to the Yanomama.
The Igneri are believed to have arrived to Dominica in the year 400, while in St. Croix they are believed to have arrived in 650. They were characterized by their advanced pottery and their canoe craftsmanship. They also brought horticulture to the Antilles. In Puerto Rico around the year 1000, the Igneri culture was replaced by the Taíno culture.
An archaeological dig in Ponce, Puerto Rico revealed ball parks and ceremonial centers built by the Igneri. The area, known as the Tibes Indigenous Ceremonial Center, was abandoned for unknown reasons around the year 600. This site has revealed many important aspects of the Igneri culture. Information such as the ceremonies, eating habits, ceramic styles and much more has been provided from this site. Evidence has been found that Igneris were farmers, fishermen and hunters.
- "Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals substantial Native American ancestry in Puerto Rico", Hum Biol. 2001 Aug;73(4):491-511, at National Library of Medicine, NIH
- Lorena Madrigal, Madrigal (2006). Human biology of Afro-Caribbean populations. Cambridge University Press, 2006. p. 121. ISBN 978-0-521-81931-2.