Igis

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Igis
Former municipality of Switzerland
Igis -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Igis
Canton Graubünden
District Landquart
46°57′N 9°34′E / 46.950°N 9.567°E / 46.950; 9.567Coordinates: 46°57′N 9°34′E / 46.950°N 9.567°E / 46.950; 9.567
Population 7,738 (December 2013)
- Density 709 /km2 (1,835 /sq mi)
Area 10.92 km2 (4.22 sq mi)
Elevation 563 m (1,847 ft)
Postal code 7206
SFOS number 3942
Surrounded by Maienfeld, Malans, Mastrils, Valzeina, Zizers
Website www.igis.ch
SFSO statistics
Igis is located in Switzerland
Igis
Igis

Igis (Romansh: Eigias) is a municipality in the district of Landquart in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. Far more known than its proper name Igis is its hamlet Landquart, for its Rail Station and motorway exit. The municipalities of Igis and Mastrils merged on 1 January 2012 into the new municipality of Landquart.[1]

History[edit]

Igis is first mentioned about 840 as Ovinae/Aviuns. In 1149 it was mentioned as Auuine, in 1225 as Huiuns and in 1253 as Yges.[2]

Geography[edit]

Igis had an area, as of 2006, of 10.9 km2 (4.2 sq mi). Of this area, 44.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 20.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (4.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The municipality is located in the Fünf Dörfer sub-district of the Landquart district. It is a transportation hub for the Rheintal-Prättigau region and is the third largest municipality (by population) in Graubünden. It consists of the village of Igis and the section of Landquart and (until 2004) Landquart Fabriken.

Demographics[edit]

Igis had a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 7,738.[4] As of 2008, 15.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 3.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (83.2%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 3.8%) and Italian being third ( 2.8%).[3]

Protestant church of Igis

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Igis is; 849 children or 11.7% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 625 teenagers or 8.6% are 10 to 14, and 527 teenagers or 7.3% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 851 people or 11.8% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 1,168 people or 16.2% are 30 to 39, 1,186 people or 16.4% are 40 to 49, and 832 people or 11.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 571 people or 7.9% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 407 people or 5.6% are 70 to 79, there are 189 people or 2.6% who are 80 to 89, and there are 23 people or 0.3% who are 90 to 99.[5]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Igis about 67% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Igis has an unemployment rate of 1.82%. As of 2005, there were 144 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 26 businesses involved in this sector. 1,535 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 80 businesses in this sector. 2,184 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 257 businesses in this sector.[3]

From the 2000 census, 2,735 or 37.8% are Roman Catholic, while 3,046 or 42.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are less than 5 individuals who belong to the Christian Catholic faith, there are 162 individuals (or about 2.24% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 166 individuals (or about 2.30% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are less than 5 individuals who are Jewish, and 562 (or about 7.78% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 83 individuals (or about 1.15% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 335 (or about 4.63% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 139 individuals (or about 1.92% of the population) did not answer the question.[5]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

Population
Year Igis Landquart-Fabriken Landquart Total
2008 3119 4442 7561
2007 3099 4410 7509
2006 3022 4318 7340
2005 3088 4344 7432
2004 3116 4309 7425
2003 3123 644 3648 7415
2002 3136 645 3549 7330
2000 3138 659 3601 7398
1990 2373 678 3728 6779
1980 1120 644 3389 5153
1970 no data no data no data 5283
1950 no data no data no data 2794
1900 no data no data no data 1201
1850 no data no data no data 637

Politics[edit]

The leadership of the municipality is elected every four years and consists of a president and six members.

Town council (2009–2012)
Name Department Party
Nigg Ernst President SVP
Eugster Rico Environment FDP
Brandenburger Agnes Culture and Recreation SVP
Föhn Sepp Education CVP
Florin Andrea Construction SVP
Thöny Andreas IBIL SP
Zanetti Livio Police and Safety CVP

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 35.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (27.8%), the FDP (17.1%) and the CVP (15.8%).[3]

Sightseeing and culture[edit]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Marschlins Castle and the surrounding grounds are listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance.[7] The castle is the family castle of the noble family of Salis-Marschlins.

Castles[edit]

North wall of Berg Falkenstein

In addition to the Marschlins Castle, Igis is also home to the ruins of Falkenstein Castle.

Churchs[edit]

  • The Roman Catholic Church of St. Fidelis was built in 1908 in Landquart.
  • The current Reformed church in Igis was built to its current appearance in 1486. At that time, the nave was extended to the south and the choir was expanded. The main portal was also built in 1486, as this date is carved into the stone. The paintings on the north-east wall date from before the 1486 renovation. It is believed that this wall is part of St. Damian's Church in Ovine that was mentioned in 841, though this identification is debated. Part of the identification rests on the fact that the bell of the church contains an inscription that indicates that it was dedicated to Cosmas and Damian. Regardless, the current church is clearly mentioned about 1300 in the records of Pfäfers Abbey.[8]
  • The Church in Landquart was built in the 20th Century as the village section grew. The land was acquired in 1914, though construction began only in 1925. Construction finished on 11 January 1926.[9]

Arriving at Landquart railway station you may also want to continue by foot in a multiday hike towards Klosters on the Prättigauer Höhenweg[10] instead of using the Rhetian Railway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 21 December 2011
  2. ^ a b Igis in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 15-Oct-2009
  4. ^ Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  5. ^ a b c Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 15-Oct-2009
  8. ^ History of the Igis Church (German)
  9. ^ History of the Landquart Church (German)
  10. ^ Hiking Switzerland Landquart-Klosters, Graubünden
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.