Igli, Algeria

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Igli
اﻳﻘﻠﻰ
Commune and town
Location of Igli commune within Béchar Province
Location of Igli commune within Béchar Province
Igli is located in Algeria
Igli
Igli
Location of Igli within Algeria
Coordinates: 30°27′N 2°18′W / 30.450°N 2.300°W / 30.450; -2.300Coordinates: 30°27′N 2°18′W / 30.450°N 2.300°W / 30.450; -2.300
Country  Algeria
Province Béchar Province
District Igli District
Area[1]
 • Total 6,220 km2 (2,400 sq mi)
Elevation 507 m (1,663 ft)
Population (2008)[2]
 • Total 6,682
 • Density 1.1/km2 (2.8/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Igli (Arabic: اﻳﻘﻠﻰ‎) is a town and commune in Béchar Province, western Algeria, located 152 km south of Bechar. It is coextensive with Igli District. Its population was 6,682 as of the 2008 census,[2] up from 5,474 in 1998,[3] and an annual population growth rate of 2.1%.[2] The commune covers an area of 6,220 square kilometres (2,400 sq mi).[1]

Its inhabitants, along with those of the small neighbouring town of Mazzer, speak a Zenati Berber language termed tabəldit, closely related to that of other southwestern Algerian ksars and of Figuig.[4]

Geography[edit]

Igli lies on the left (eastern) bank of the Oued Saoura in the Saoura valley, just south of the confluence of Oued Guir and Oued Zouzfana. The Grand Erg Occidental, a large area of continuous sand dunes lies to the east, while the Hamada, a broad rocky plateau, lies across the river to the west.

Climate[edit]

Igli has a hot desert climate, with extremely hot summers and mild winters, and very little precipitation throughout the year.

Climate data for Igli
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
29.9
(85.8)
34.5
(94.1)
39.7
(103.5)
43.7
(110.7)
42.0
(107.6)
37.1
(98.8)
30.1
(86.2)
23.2
(73.8)
18.7
(65.7)
30.33
(86.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
13.8
(56.8)
17.7
(63.9)
22.1
(71.8)
26.6
(79.9)
31.7
(89.1)
35.6
(96.1)
34.2
(93.6)
29.8
(85.6)
23.0
(73.4)
16.6
(61.9)
11.8
(53.2)
22.79
(73.03)
Average low °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
6.2
(43.2)
10.2
(50.4)
14.3
(57.7)
18.8
(65.8)
23.8
(74.8)
27.5
(81.5)
26.5
(79.7)
22.5
(72.5)
15.9
(60.6)
10.0
(50)
5.0
(41)
15.35
(59.63)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.47)
8
(0.31)
12
(0.47)
7
(0.28)
4
(0.16)
2
(0.08)
1
(0.04)
2
(0.08)
5
(0.2)
9
(0.35)
11
(0.43)
11
(0.43)
84
(3.3)
Source: climate-data.org[5]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is an important industry in Igli. The commune has a total of 1,130 hectares (2,800 acres) of arable land, of which 1,002 hectares (2,480 acres) is irrigated.[6] There are a total of 75,450 date palms planted in the commune.[7] As of 2009 there were 4,652 sheep, 1,785 goats, 401 camels, and 5 cattle.

Local tourist attractions include palm groves, the old ksar, and local caves.

Infrastructure and housing[edit]

90% of Igli's population is connected to drinking water,[8] 95% is connected to the sewerage system,[9] and 99% (including 1,728 buildings) have access to electricity.[10] There is one fuel service station in the town.[11]

Igli has a total of 1,425 houses, of which 972 are occupied, giving an occupation rate of 6.9 inhabitants per occupied building.[12]

Transportation[edit]

Igli is connected by a local road to the N6 national highway between Béchar to the north and Adrar to the southeast. Abadla is accessible to the north via the N6, while to the south the towns of El Ouata, Béni Abbès and Kerzaz, among others can be accessed. Igli is 153 kilometres (95 mi) from the provincial capital, Béchar.[13]

There is a total length of 147 kilometres (91 mi) of roads in the commune.[14]

Education[edit]

There are 4 elementary schools, with 36 classrooms including 23 in use.[15] There are a total of 1,282 school students.[16]

9.8% of the population has a tertiary education (the highest in the province), and another 19.8% has competed secondary education.[17] The overall literacy rate is 84.3%, and is 88.3% among males and 79.9% among females.[18]

Health[edit]

Igli has one polyclinic, 3 room care facilities, and a maternity ward.[19]

Religion[edit]

Igli has 3 operational mosques, with another 3 under construction.[20]

Localities[edit]

The commune is composed of three localities:[21]

The locality of Mazzer is located about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of Igli on the eastern bank of the Oued Saoura.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population, Area and Density per Commune" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 16 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population: Béchar Wilaya" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Maarten Kossmann, "Grammatical notes on the Berber dialect of Igli (Sud oranais, Algeria)", in ed. D. Ibriszimow, M. Kossmann, H. Stroomer, R. Vossen, Études berbères V – Essais sur des variations dialectales et autres articles. Köln: Rüdiger Köppe, 2010.
  5. ^ "Climate data for: Igli". climate-data.org. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 
  6. ^ "Distribution of Agricultural Land" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Plant Productions" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  8. ^ "Drinking Water" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  9. ^ "Sewerage Networks" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  10. ^ "Electrification" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  11. ^ "Fuel Distribution" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  12. ^ "Housing" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  13. ^ "Presentation" (in French). Site Officiel de la Wilaya de Béchar. Retrieved 19 February 2013. 
  14. ^ "Density Kilometres" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "School Infrastructure" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  16. ^ "Number of Pupils" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  17. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  18. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  19. ^ "Health Facilities by Commune" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  20. ^ "Mosques and Koranic Rooms" (in French). Official Website of the Wilaya of Bechar. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  21. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya d'El Oued" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1490. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 2 March 2013.  Check date values in: |archivedate= (help)
  22. ^ "Mazzer, Algeria". Google Maps. Retrieved 10 March 2013. 


Neighbouring towns and cities