Ignacio Manuel Altamirano
Altamirano was born in Tixtla, Guerrero, of pure indigenous Nahua heritage. His father was the mayor of Tixtla, this allowed Ignacio to attend school there. He later studied in Toluca thanks to a scholarship that was granted him by Ignacio Ramírez, of whom he was a disciple. He founded several newspapers and magazines including El Correo de México ("The Mexico Post"), El Renacimiento ("The Renaissance"), El Federalista ("The Federalist"), La Tribuna ("The Tribune") and La República ("The Republic").
Altamirano was president of the Sociedad Mexicana de Geografía y Estadística (Mexican Society for Geography and Statistics) from 1881 to 1889. He was also public prosecutor, magistrate and president of the Supreme Court, as well as senior officer of the Ministry of Public Works and the Economy.
Altamirano wrote several books which had considerable success in his time; among them were:
- Clemencia (Clemencia) (1869) - considered the first modern Mexican novel
- La Navidad en las montañas (Christmas in the mountains) (1871)
- Antonia (1872)
- Beatriz (1873)
- Cuentos de invierno (1880)
- Rimas (1880)
- El Zarco (written 1885–1889, published 1901)
- Auto-translated Bio at mexicodesconocido.com.mx ("Unknown Mexico" website)
- Works by Ignacio Manuel Altamirano at Project Gutenberg
- The audiobook Clemencia can be downloaded from Leer Escuchando (Spanish)