Ignacio Mariscal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ignacio Mariscal
Ignacio-Mariscal.jpg
Interpretation of Mexican Eagle 1887.png
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
In office
May 25, 1871 – June 12, 1872
President Benito Juárez
Preceded by Manuel Azpíroz
Succeeded by José María Lafragua
Interpretation of Mexican Eagle 1887.png
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
In office
November 29, 1880 – November 30, 1880
President Porfirio Díaz
Preceded by Miguel Ruelas
Succeeded by Himself
Interpretation of Mexican Eagle 1887.png
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
In office
December 1, 1880 – September 15, 1883
President Manuel González Flores
Preceded by Himself
Succeeded by José Fernández
Interpretation of Mexican Eagle 1887.png
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
In office
December 1, 1885 – April 17, 1910
President Porfirio Diaz
Preceded by Joaquin Baranda
Succeeded by Federico Gamboa
Personal details
Nationality Mexican
Relations Married
Alma mater Oaxaca Institute of Arts and Sciences
Profession Diplomat
Website sre.gob.mx

Ignacio Mariscal (Oaxaca, Mexico July 5, 1829 – Mexico City April 17, 1910) was an important Mexican writer, diplomat, and politician. He was named Secretary of Foreign Affairs in 1871–72, for the first time during the Benito Juarez administration. During the Porfirio Diaz's government, he held the office in 1880–83 and 1885–1910. In 1909, he was the President of Mexican Academy of the Language.

Biography[edit]

Mariscal was born in Oaxaca, Mexico in July 5, 1829; his father were deputy during the Mexican–American War. He studied law at the Oaxaca Institute of Arts and Sciences, where he obtained his bachelor's degree in 1849.[1]

For his opposition to the pro Santa Anna's governor, Ignacio Martínez Pinillo, he moved to Mexico City in 1854. With the triumph of the liberal wing, Juarez invited him to take part of the Juan Álvarez administration. He was name advisor on the implementation of Ecclesiastical Confiscations Law.[1]

For his law knowledge and experience, his was elected as deputy of the 1857 Constituent Congress of Mexico. This Congrees draw up the Federal Constitution of the United Mexican States of 1857. He was member of the Judicial Committee where he took part on the debates related to the militar and ecclesiastical Fuero.[2] With the beginning of the Reform War, he traveled with President Juarez to Veracruz.

His writings[edit]

He wrote several books; among them:

  • Exposición sobre el código de procedimientos penales (1880) México;
  • Historia de las dificultades entre México y Guatemala. Proyectada Intervención de Estados Unidos. Algunos documentos oficiales (1882);
  • Discursos de los Exmos. Señores L. Marroquín é I. Mariscal en la Academia Mexicana de la Lengua (1899) México: Imp. Francisco Díaz de León.[3]
  • Memoria que en cumplimiento del precepto constitucional presenta al duodécimo Congreso de la Unión, el C. Ignacio Mariscal rendido ante el Senado acerca del tratado de límites entre Yucatán y Belice (1893) México;
  • El Cuervo, original de Edgar Allan Poe, traducción (1895);
  • Concurso científico nacional (1897);
  • Don Nicolás Bravo o la clemencia mexicana (1900);
  • Juárez y el libro de Bulnes (1904);
  • Episodios en la vida de Juárez (1906);
  • Poesías (1911) Madrid. Editor Balbino Dávalos.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Valdés Lakowsky, Vera (2009). "Ignacio Mariscal". Cancilleres de México. Mexico: Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores. pp. 564–601. ISBN 968-810-390-X. 
  2. ^ González Oropeza, Manuel (1990). "Ignacio Mariscal". Anuario Jurídico (in spanish) (Mexico: UNAM) XVII. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  3. ^ Academia Mexicana de la Lengua (1899). Discursos de los Exmos. Señores L. Marroquín é I. Mariscal en la Academia Mexicana de la Lengua.. México: Imprenta de Francisco Díaz de León. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Henestrosa, Andres. "Ignacio Mariscal". Semblanzas de Académicos. Ediciones del Centenario de la Academia Mexicana. Academia Mexicana de la Lengua. Retrieved April 3, 2013.