Mexico City, Mexico
|Occupation||writer, critic, diplomat|
|Genres||Novel, Essay, Short Story|
Ignacio Padilla (born 1968) is a noted Mexican novelist and short story writer whose works have been translated into several languages. Padilla helped found the Crack Movement along with fellow Mexican writers Eloy Urroz, Jorge Volpi, and Pedro Angel Palou as a means for Mexican authors to find their own voice and write beyond Magic Realism.
Ignacio Padilla was born in Mexico City in 1968. From an early age, Padilla notes that he was drawn to writing, and as he grew older, he became immersed in the literary works of James Joyce, Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Robert Louis Stevenson, whose works often centered on the theme of human identity.
Padilla attended High school at Waterford Kamhlaba United World College of Southern Africa in Mbabane Swaziland and thereafter received his undergraduate education at Universidad Iberoamericana where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts in Communication Studies. He later received a Master's degree in English Literature from the University of Edinburgh and a Doctor of Philosophy in Hispanic-American literature from the University of Salamanca.
Upon completing his higher education, Padilla returned to Mexico. During the early 1990s, Padilla worked as an editorial director for Playboy magazine's Latin American publication while also writing his column, "El baúl de los cadáveres" in Mexico's literary magazine "Sábado."
In 1989, Padilla received the Mexican Alfonso Reyes literary award for his work "Subterráneos", and in 1994 the Juan de la Cabada literary award for his children's story "Las tormentas del mar embotellado", the Mexican Juan Rulfo Literary Award for a first novel, "La catedral de los ahogados", and the Mexican Malcolm Lowry Literary Award for his literary essay "El dorado esquivo: espejismo mexicano de Paul Bowles". That same year, Padilla published "El año de los gatos amurallados", which was awarded the Mexican Kalpa literary award for Science Fiction.
The Crack Generation
In 1996, Padilla joined with longtime friends and fellow writers Jorge Volpi, Eloy Urroz, Pedro Ángel Palou García, and Ricardo Chávez Castañeda, who collectively presented a proposal based on their literary criticism and personal opinions of Mexican and Latin American literature. This literary critique, a reaction to the Latin American Boom, became known as the Crack Manifesto and was presented as a means for Mexican authors to find their own voice, and write beyond Magic Realism. In addition to breaking with the Latin American tradition of Magic Realism, the Crack Movement called for a return to the complexity of plot and style as found in the works of Latin American authors such as Julio Cortázar and Jorge Luis Borges.[dead link] That same year, Sandro Cohen published Nueva Imagen, a collection of stories by the authors of the Crack Movement.
In 1999 Padilla received the Mexican José Revueltas literary award for his literary essay "Los funerales del alcaraván: historia apócrifa del realismo mágico", as well as the Mexican Gilberto Owen literary award for his short story publication "Las antípodas y el siglo". In 2000, Padilla received the Premio Primavera de Novela for his novel "Amphitryon".
In 2001, Padilla was chosen as Cultural Attaché for the Mexican embassy of Great Britain, a post he held until 2003. During this time, he republished "Crónicas africanas" which he had previously published in Mexican literary magazine "Nostromo."
In 2007, Mexican President Felipe Calderón Hinojosa named Ignacio Padilla director of the José Vasconcelos national library of Mexico. However, the structural integrity of the building in which the library was housed was unfit to safely house the national library, and in March 2007 the decision was made to temporarily close the national library. Padilla released a statement that repairs to the building were absolutely necessary, and that he would not open the doors until the building was safe from structural damages. On August 15 of 2007, the Mexican newspaper Milenio Diario published an article stating that Padilla had stepped down as director of the national library.
- "Biography of Ignacio Padilla - Searching for the transcendental language". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- "Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura - Mexico". Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- "Crack Manifesto". Retrieved 2008-03-21.
- "Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes". Retrieved 2008-03-21.