Ignatius Abdul Masih II
|Ignatius Abdul Masih II|
|Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and All the East|
|Church||Syriac Orthodox Church|
|Predecessor||Ignatius Peter IV|
|Successor||Ignatius Abded Aloho II|
|Born||Qal’at Mara, Ottoman Empire|
|Died||30 August 1915
Monastery of Mor Hananyo, Ottoman Empire
|Residence||Monastery of Mor Hananyo|
Abdul was born in the village of Qal’at Mara, east of Mardin in the 19th century. In 1895, Abdul was consecrated Patriarch of Antioch upon which he assumed the patriarchal name Ignatius.
Abdul was Patriarch until his deposition in 1905, however by who and why is highly controversial with the church. Supporters of his successor, Ignatius Abded Aloho II, claim that Abdul had converted to Catholicism and was excommunicated by the Holy Synod as a result. Whereas supporters of Abdul claim Abded bribed the Ottoman Government to issue a firman deposing Abdul as Patriarch and that he was not excommunicated by the Holy Synod.
Regardless, Abded claimed to be Patriarch from 1905 until his death in 1915 and was based in the Monastery of Mor Marqos in Jerusalem, where he had been bishop. However, Abdul continued to reside at the Patriarchal residence in the Monastery of Mor Hananyo, raising questions on the likelihood of an excommunication.
The rivalry between the two patriarchs caused a rift within the church which was exacerbated when Abded ordained Indian metropolitan bishops in 1908, creating fear in the Malankara Church that he would attempt to take control of the church, reversing the decisions of the Council of Mulanthuruthy in 1876. As a result supporters of Abdul began to call for the appointment of a Maphrian or Catholicos to prevent the Malankara Church coming under Abded's control.
In 1912, Abdul was invited to India by the Malankara Metropolitan Geevarghese Mar Dionysius of Vattasseril to discuss with the Malankara Synod who would be appointed Catholicos. The Synod unanimously voted for Mar Evanios to become Catholicos and on the 15th of September 1912 Abdul consecrated Evanios as Baselios Paulose I at St. Mary's Church, Niranam as well as Geevarghese Mar Gregorios, Geevarghese Mar Philoxenos and Yuyakkim Mar Ivanios. He also granted the Episcopal Synod, headed by the Malankara Metropolitan, the authority to consecrate a new Catholicos when the See became vacant.
In March 1913 Abdul returned to Mardin where he spent the remaining years of his life in prayer and peace. The Patriarch passed away on 30 August 1915 and was entombed in the Monastery of Mor Hananyo, the traditional resting place of Patriarchs of Antioch. The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church observes his memorial feast on August 15.
Ignatius Peter IV
|List of Syriac Orthodox Patriarchs of Antioch
Ignatius Abded Aloho II