Ignatius Abdul Masih II
Mor Ignatius Abdul Masih II was the 117th Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and the head of the Syriac Orthodox Church, reigning from 1895 until his excommunication in 1906. The excommunication, which was carried out by the Ottoman government, was highly controversial and caused great disruption in the church. Afterward Ignatius continued to be equally controversial in the affairs of the church in India where he was a prominent figure in the establishment of the controversial Catholicate in India.
Ignatius came to India amid a dispute over the authority of the Malankara Metropolitan within the local Malankara Church. A split arose between supporters of the local hierarchy and those who supported the authority of the new Patriarch, Ignatius Abded Aloho II. Though deposed Ignatius presided over a synod that decided to relocate the Catholicate of the East from Antioch to India, and to ordain Mar Evanios as the first Indian Catholicos of the East as Baselios Paulose I. Ignatius consecrated also other three bishops, including Geevarghese Mar Philoxenos and granted to the bishops the right to consecrate a new Catholicos when the See became vacant. This move was controversial, and sealed the division between the pro-Catholicos faction, which would become the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, and the pro-Patriarch faction, later known as the Jacobite Syrian Christian Church.
In March 1913 Mor Ignatius Abdul Masih II returned to Jerusalem and then he retired to Mardin where he died on 30 August 1915 and entombed in Kurkmo Dayro away from the tombs of bishops and patriarchs due to his status.
- Daniel, David (1986). The Orthodox Church of India. Rachel David. pp. 221–225.
Ignatius Peter IV
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Ignatius Abded Aloho II
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