Ignatius Abded Mshiho II
|Ignatius Abded Mshiho II|
|Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and All the East|
|Church||Syriac Orthodox Church|
|Predecessor||Ignatius Peter IV|
|Successor||Ignatius Abded Aloho II|
|Born||Qal’at Mara, Ottoman Empire|
|Died||30 August 1915
Monastery of Mor Hananyo, Ottoman Empire
|Residence||Monastery of Mor Hananyo|
Abded was born in the village of Qal’at Mara, east of Mardin in the 19th century. In 1895, Abded was consecrated Patriarch of Antioch upon which he assumed the patriarchal name Ignatius.
Abded was Patriarch until his deposition in 1905, however by who and why is highly controversial with the church. Supporters of his successor, Ignatius Abded Aloho II, claim that Abded Mshiho had converted to Catholicism and was excommunicated by the Holy Synod as a result. Whereas supporters of Abded Mshiho claim Abded Sattuf bribed the Ottoman Government to issue a firman deposing Abded Mshiho as Patriarch and that he was not excommunicated by the Holy Synod.
Regardless, Abded Sattuf claimed to be Patriarch from 1905 until his death in 1915 and was based in the Monastery of Mor Marqos in Jerusalem, where he had been bishop. However, Abded Mshiho continued to reside at the Patriarchal residence in the Monastery of Mor Hananyo, raising questions on the likelihood of an excommunication.
The rivalry between the two patriarchs caused a rift within the church which was exacerbated when Abded Sattuf ordained Indian metropolitan bishops in 1908, creating fear in the Malankara Church that he would attempt to take control of the church, reversing the decisions of the Council of Mulanthuruthy in 1876. As a result supporters of Abded Mshiho began to call for the appointment of a Maphrian or Catholicos to prevent the Malankara Church coming under Abded Sattuf's control.
In 1912, Abded Mshiho was invited to India by the Malankara Metropolitan Geevarghese Mar Dionysius of Vattasseril to discuss with the Malankara Synod who would be appointed Catholicos. The Synod unanimously voted for Mar Evanios to become Catholicos and on the 15th of September 1912 Abded Mshiho consecrated Evanios as Baselios Paulose I at St. Mary's Church, Niranam as well as Geevarghese Mar Gregorios, Geevarghese Mar Philoxenos and Yuyakkim Mar Ivanios. He also granted the Episcopal Synod, headed by the Malankara Metropolitan, the authority to consecrate a new Catholicos when the See became vacant.
This led to the permanent division between what would become the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church who contested Abded Mshiho's deposition, and the Jacobite Syrian Christian Church who supported Abded Sattuf.
In March 1913 Abded Mshiho returned to Mardin where he spent the remaining years of his life in prayer and peace. The Patriarch passed away on 30 August 1915 and was entombed in the Monastery of Mor Hananyo, the traditional resting place of Patriarchs of Antioch. However he was not cremated in the ranks of other Patriarchs who were already cremated there, but with the ranks of other monks. The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church observes his memorial feast on August 15.
- Georgy S. Thomas, Bangalore. "Faith of the Church: Malankara's Mythical Minefields". Malankara World: Basalios Church Digital Library. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- "History Of Catholicate Re-establishment In Malankara - Indian Orthodox Herald - Breaking Catholicate, Malankara, Indian Orthodox Church News And Doctrinal Information". Retrieved 26 November 2014.
Ignatius Peter IV
|List of Syriac Orthodox Patriarchs of Antioch
Ignatius Abded Aloho II