Ignatius Abded Mshiho II

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Ignatius Abded Mshiho II
Syriac Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and All the East
AbdulMessih.jpg
Church Syriac Orthodox Church
See Antioch
Installed 1895
Term ended 1905
Predecessor Ignatius Peter IV
Successor Ignatius Abded Aloho II
Personal details
Born Qal’at Mara, Ottoman Empire
Died 30 August 1915
Monastery of Mor Hananyo, Ottoman Empire
Residence Monastery of Mor Hananyo

Moran Mor Ignatius Abded Mshiho II was the Patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church from 1895 until his deposition in 1905.

Early Life[edit]

Abded was born in the village of Qal’at Mara, east of Mardin in the 19th century. In 1895, Abded was consecrated Patriarch of Antioch upon which he assumed the patriarchal name Ignatius.

Deposition[edit]

Abded was Patriarch until his deposition in 1905, however by who and why is highly controversial with the church. Supporters of his successor, Ignatius Abded Aloho II, claim that Abded Mshiho had converted to Catholicism and was excommunicated by the Holy Synod as a result. Whereas supporters of Abded Mshiho claim Abded Sattuf bribed the Ottoman Government to issue a firman deposing Abded Mshiho as Patriarch and that he was not excommunicated by the Holy Synod.

Regardless, Abded Sattuf claimed to be Patriarch from 1905 until his death in 1915 and was based in the Monastery of Mor Marqos in Jerusalem, where he had been bishop. However, Abded Mshiho continued to reside at the Patriarchal residence in the Monastery of Mor Hananyo, raising questions on the likelihood of an excommunication.[1]

Malankara Church[edit]

The rivalry between the two patriarchs caused a rift within the church which was exacerbated when Abded Sattuf ordained Indian metropolitan bishops in 1908, creating fear in the Malankara Church that he would attempt to take control of the church, reversing the decisions of the Council of Mulanthuruthy in 1876. As a result supporters of Abded Mshiho began to call for the appointment of a Maphrian or Catholicos to prevent the Malankara Church coming under Abded Sattuf's control.

In 1912, Abded Mshiho was invited to India by the Malankara Metropolitan Geevarghese Mar Dionysius of Vattasseril to discuss with the Malankara Synod who would be appointed Catholicos. The Synod unanimously voted for Mar Evanios to become Catholicos and on the 15th of September 1912 Abded Mshiho consecrated Evanios as Baselios Paulose I at St. Mary's Church, Niranam as well as Geevarghese Mar Gregorios, Geevarghese Mar Philoxenos and Yuyakkim Mar Ivanios. He also granted the Episcopal Synod, headed by the Malankara Metropolitan, the authority to consecrate a new Catholicos when the See became vacant.

This led to the permanent division between what would become the Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church who contested Abded Mshiho's deposition, and the Jacobite Syrian Christian Church who supported Abded Sattuf.

Later years[edit]

In March 1913 Abded Mshiho returned to Mardin where he spent the remaining years of his life in prayer and peace. The Patriarch passed away on 30 August 1915 and was entombed in the Monastery of Mor Hananyo, the traditional resting place of Patriarchs of Antioch. However he was not cremated in the ranks of other Patriarchs who were already cremated there, but with the ranks of other monks. The Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church observes his memorial feast on August 15.[2]

References[edit]

Preceded by
Ignatius Peter IV
List of Syriac Orthodox Patriarchs of Antioch
1895–1905
Succeeded by
Ignatius Abded Aloho II