NYPD mugshot of Ignazio Lupo
March 19, 1877|
|Died||January 13, 1947
Brooklyn, New York, United States
|Alias(es)||Ignazio Saietta, The Wolf|
Ignazio Lupo (March 19, 1877 - January 13, 1947), also known as Ignazio Saietta and Lupo the Wolf, was a Sicilian-American Black Hand leader in New York City during the early 1900s. His business was centered in Little Italy, Manhattan, where he ran large extortion operations and committed other crimes including robberies, loan-sharking, and murder. By the start of the 19th century, Lupo merged his crew with others in the South Bronx and East Harlem to form the Morello crime family, which became the leading Mafia family in New York City.
Suspected of at least 60 murders he was not caught by authorities until 1910, when the Secret Service arrested him for running a large scale counterfeiting ring in the Catskills. After serving 10 years of a 30 year sentence he was "retired" by the emerging National Crime Syndicate.
Early life 
Ignazio Lupo was born in Corleone, in the province of Palermo, Sicily, to parents Rocco Lupo and Onofrio Saietta. The word lupo means wolf in Italian; thus the moniker "Lupo the Wolf" literally translates to "Wolf the Wolf". Ignazio Lupo has sometimes been referred to by his mother's maiden name as Ignazio Saietta, but his actual surname was Lupo. From age 10 he worked in a dry goods store in Palermo. In October 1898, he shot and killed a business rival named Salvatore Morello, according to Lupo in self-defense after Morello attacked him with a dagger during an argument in Lupo's store. Lupo went into hiding after the killing and on the advice of his parents eventually fled Italy to escape prosecution. After stops in Liverpool, Montreal and Buffalo he arrived in New York in 1898. On March 14, 1899, Lupo was convicted in absentia of 'willful and deliberate murder', reportedly due to the testimony of the clerks who worked in his store. Lupo would never return to Sicily to serve the sentence.
Upon settling in New York City, Lupo opened a store at East 72nd Street in Manhattan with his cousin Saitta, but moved his business to Brooklyn after a disagreement. In 1901 he moved his business back to Manhattan and opened a small import store at 9 Prince Street, while also running a saloon across the street at 8 Prince Street. Lupo's father Rocco joined him in New York City in 1902 and together they opened a retail grocery store on 39th Street between 9th and 10th avenues. Around this time, Lupo began preying on his fellow Italian immigrants, using the extortion tactics of the Black Hand.
Morello crime family 
In 1902, Giuseppe Morello acquired a saloon at 8 Prince Street, at the rear of the premises where Lupo was running his saloon. Morello had immigrated to the United States from Sicily in the 1890s and had been joined by his three half brothers Vincenzo Terranova, Ciro Terranova and Nicholas Morello. Lupo became closely associated with the Morello-Terranova faction and eventually married into their immediate family when he wed Salvatrice Terranova on December 23, 1903. He maintained his leadership over his Little Italy based interests, but in the early 1900s Lupo merged his Mafia faction with the Morello-Terranova faction, which basically formed what became known as the Morello crime family, then the leading Mafia family in New York City. Lupo kept his base of operations in Little Italy, but shared the overall leadership of the crime family with Giuseppe Morello from his base in East Harlem, while various members of their group including Morello's half brothers led the affiliated groups and ran the rackets with soldiers like Giuseppe Fanaro, Giuseppe "Joe" Catania Sr., Charles Ubriaco and Tommaso "The Ox" Petto, a top enforcer and killer within the crime family. Lupo demanded absolute obedience from the members of his crew—for example, he killed one of his relatives just because he merely suspected he was a traitor. His reputation became so fearsome that it was common for Italian immigrants to cross themselves at the mention of his name.
Crimes committed and jail time 
Lupo was suspected of at least 60 murders, and may have killed many more. However, he was never caught until 1910, when the Secret Service arrested him for running a large scale counterfeiting ring in the Catskills. He was sentenced to 30 years and imprisoned in Atlanta Prison, but was granted parole in 1920.
Sometime in the early 1930s, the leaders of the emerging National Crime Syndicate called Lupo in for a meeting. Telling him that he generated far too much heat for their liking, they forced him to give up nearly all of his rackets, except for a small Italian lottery in Brooklyn. Lupo relied almost entirely on violence and terror, while the Syndicate preferred to use bribery first.
On his own, Lupo formed a protection racket involving bakers. In 1936, New York Governor Herbert Lehman petitioned President Franklin D. Roosevelt to have Lupo returned to prison for massive racketeering. He was returned to Atlanta Prison to serve a few years on his original counterfeiting sentence.
After his release, he returned to Brooklyn, where he died more or less unnoticed in 1947. Lupo and the four Morello-Terranova brothers are interred in Cavalary Cemetery in Queens, New York, not far from Joe Petrosino, who investigated them, or other Morello crime family members.
In popular culture 
- There is a character called "Ignaz the Wolf" in author Damon Runyon's short story "Too Much Pep".
- Milliner, Imani. "Preserving a Unique Heritage". The Cooperator. Retrieved 24 August 2011.
- Sifakis, Carl (2005). The Mafia encyclopedia (3. edition. ed.). New York: Facts on File. pp. 281–282. ISBN 978-0-8160-5694-1.
- Critchley, David (2008). The origin of organized crime in America : the New York City Mafia, 1891-1931. London: Routledge. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-415-99030-1.
- Critchley, p. 254.
- "Ignazio Lupo". GangRule.com. Retrieved 26 August 2011.
- Critchley, pp. 37-40.
- Crtichley, pp. 51-54.
- Inmate 2883 at the US National Archive index of inmates of Atlanta prison
- Dash, Mike (2009). The First Family: Terror, Extortion and the Birth of the American Mafia. London: Simon & Schuster. p. Epilogue, page 27. ISBN 978-1-84737-173-7.
- Critchley, David. The Origin of Organized Crime: The New York City Mafia, 1891-1931. New York, Routledge, 2008.
- Dash, Mike. The First Family: Terror, Extortion and the Birth of the American Mafia. London, Simon & Schuster, 2009.
- Sifakis, Carl. The Mafia Encyclopedia. Facts on File Inc., 2005.
- Ignazio Lupo biography at Gangrule.com
- Ignazio Lupo
- Ignatius "Lupo the Wolf" Lupo at Find A Grave
- The Mafia, the Murder Stable and Presidential Mercy
|Morello crime family