Igo Etrich

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Ignaz "Igo" Etrich (December 25, 1879, Horní Staré Město, Trutnov, Bohemia – February 4, 1967, Salzburg, Austria), Austrian flight pioneer, pilot and fixed-wing aircraft developer.

Education[edit]

Igo went to school at Leipzig, where he came in contact with the works of Otto Lilienthal. His main interest was in aviation, the problems of bird flight. With his father, a factory-owner, he built a laboratory for developing aeroplanes. After the death of Lilienthal his father acquired some advanced gliders. After reading the books of Prof. Ahlborn about flying seeds, in 1903 he developed his first gliders (called Zanonia) inspired by the flying seed of Zanonia macrocarpa. He worked together with Franz Xaver Wels and Karl Illner, two men who would become very important for future development and flying. In 1906 Karl Illner was the first Austrian to fly an Austrian-built glider.

Career[edit]

The next stop of Igo Etrich was Vienna, where he had his second laboratory in the Wiener Prater at the Rotunde. In 1907 he built his Etrich I, the Praterspatz (Sparrow of the Prater) there. Due to the low power (24 hp) of the motor and the limited space for flying, the aircraft was not a success.

In 1909 the first airfield of the Austro-Hungarian Empire was founded in Wiener Neustadt. Etrich rented two hangars (or aircraft-sheds, as they were called then) and continued to develop his design, the Taube. Meanwhile his co-developer Franz Xaver Wels visited Paris to study the aircraft of the Wright Brothers and split with Etrich over the question of whether to build a monoplane or a biplane.

In 1910 his Etrich II, the Etrich-Taube (Dove) made its maiden flight. In one of the first flights, Etrich nearly broke his spine when his Taube fell tail-first to earth. From then on, the skilled Karl Illner made all the flights for Etrich.

Etrich refined his Taube to meet the requirement of the military that an aircraft had to be able to land on a freshly plowed field.

In 1912 he founded his Etrich-Fliegerwerke in Liebau (today Lubawka, Poland) and designed an aircraft with a totally closed cabin for the passengers, his Luft-Limousine.

Later he moved to Germany, founding the famous Brandenburgischen Fliegerwerke. From Liebau he took his major designer with him - Ernst Heinkel.

Another aircraft designer, Rumpler, modified the design of the Taube slightly, claimed to be the developer and refused to pay licensing fees to Etrich. After a short dispute in court, Etrich conceded on the advent of World War I, and made the design for his Taube freely available.

After WW 1 Etrich returned to the newly founded Czechoslovakia, and built another plane: his Sport-Taube. Legend has it that it flew faster (equipped with only a 40 hp engine) than the Czechoslovak military planes of the time. Actually, it is highly improbable, as the Czechoslovak Air Force used SPAD VII and XIII fighters. The authorities claimed he built the plane for smuggling and impounded his plane. The Etrich Limusine, a closed-cockpit monoplane, and the Wells/Etrich Zanonia glider are exhibited in the National Technical Museum in Prague.

Aircraft[edit]

The Etrich II can be seen at the "Technisches Museum" in Vienna, Austria. The Sport-Taube can be seen at the "Technischen Museum Prague" .

See also[edit]

Igo Etrich has recently been selected as a main motif for a euro collectors' coin, the Austrian Aviation commemorative coin, minted on February 28, 2007. This reverse side of the coin shows the “Etrich-Taube” as well as the “Zanonia” glider and a waving Igo Etrich sitting in the open cockpit of a plane.

Sources[edit]

  • Igo Etrich: "Die Taube - Memoiren eines Luftfahrt Pioniers"