|- Urban-type settlement -|
Location of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug in Russia
|Federal subject||Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug|
|Administrative district||Beryozovsky District|
|Leader||Rustam Karimov|
|Population (2010 Census)||8,775 inhabitants|
|Time zone||YEKT (UTC+05:00)|
|Previous names||Igrim-Lugovoy (until 1902),
Igrim-Lednik (until around 1930),
Igrim-Gorny (until around 1950)
|Dialing code(s)||+7 34674|
Igrim (Russian: Игрим) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Beryozovsky District of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located on the right bank of the Severnaya Sosva River (a tributary of the Malaya Ob). Population: 8,775 (2010 Census); 9,362 (2002 Census); 11,093 (1989 Census).
The word "Igrim" is of Mansi origin. However, the etymology is uncertain; according to one version, it comes from the Mansi word "ягр" (yagr), meaning "lake".
Previous names of the town
Throughout its history, the town has had many names; all however have included a form of the fundamental element 'yagr' or 'Igrim', often with a Russian adjective added:
- Yurtu Igryumsky
Igrim is considered to have been founded in 1902 by the merchant Beshkiltsev (on the left bank of the river, unlike the modern settlement), although the settlement features in official documents of the 19th century. The settlement at this time was named Igrim-Lugovoy. In the early history of the settlement, the main occupation of the inhabitants was fishing, and in the 1930s exiles built the settlement of Igrim-Lednik, on the right bank of the river. The main building of the settlement was the fish factory, along with its ice-house, after which the town was named (lednik is the Russian word for ice-house). Igrim-Lugovoy ceased to exist in the 1950s, and shortly after part of Igrim-Lednik was destroyed by a flood. Following the destruction of both settlements, the modern Igrim was built. It was located southeast of the remains of Igrim-Lednik, in the mountains, and was therefore initially known as Igrim-Gorny. In 1964, it was granted work settlement status. The settlement expanded rapidly in the 1960s, growing fivefold. Most of this growth was in the northwesterly direction, and forests were cleared and marshes drained to provide room for this growth.
In 1959–1961, several large gas deposits were found near the settlement. Exploration of the North Igrim deposits began in 1966 with the goal of providing Igrim with gas, and three years later a pipeline was built between Igrim and Punga (the pipeline also continued on to Serov). At this time active development of Igrim began, spurred on by the discovery of gas. The gas industry replaced fishing as the main livelihood of the inhabitants of Igrim, and today a large proportion of the population works in the gas industry, for Tyumentransgaz, a trust of Yugorkremstroygaz.
Igrim has the following educational facilities:
- 5 kindergartens
- A school of arts
- 2 high schools
- A professional college, which was founded in 1983 as a branch of the Beryozovo House of Pioneers, and achieved the status of college in 2005
- A town library
- An exhibition hall, opened in 1984; a new building was also built in 2006
- A fitness complex
- A sports hall for young people and children
- A youth center
The settlement is a river port. It also has an airport, with an unpaved runway 2030 meters long; the airport's code is USHI. There are daily flights to Beryozovo and Khanty-Mansiysk. An important Igrim road is the 30 km road to the nearby Nizhniye Narykary. Almost the entire road consists of crushed stone, but in the summer of 2009 the first 7 km of the road were laid with asphalt. In the colder part of the year a winter road is opened to Priobye, Beryozovo, and Svetly, as well as other places in Beryozovsky District. A road which can be used all year round is also being planned; it will connect Beryozovo, Igrim, and Svetly.
- The Igrim hockey team is in the second league of the Russian Championship, and won the bronze medal in 2006.
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
- Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
- Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.