|Municipal seat and city|
A view of the city of Iguala taken from "Cerro del Tehuhue" Asta Bandera
|Municipality||Iguala de la Independencia|
Iguala (Spanish pronunciation: [iˈɣwala]), known officially as Iguala de la Independencia , is a historic city located 102 km (63 mi) from state capital Chilpancingo in the Mexican state of Guerrero. It stands on Federal Highway 95 about 130 km (81 mi) SSW of Mexico City. Iguala is the municipal seat of the municipality of the same name, located in the north-central part of the state. The city had a 2005 census population of 110,390 and the municipality 128,444. The area of the municipality is 567.1 km2 (219.0 sq mi). The city is the third-largest community in the state, after Acapulco and Chilpancingo.
Among Iguala's main attractions are: the San Francisco Church, built in the 19th century and its surrounded by Tamarind trees, and for that Iguala is also called "la Ciudad Tamarindera" (Tamarindo city) and the Lagoon of Tuxpan, characterized for its singular beauty. Iguala's local artisans manufacture gold and silver jewelry. General Vicente Guerrero was the first military leader to swear allegiance to the Mexican flag in Acatempan on March 12, 1821. The Plan de Iguala (published on February 24, 1821) ended the war of independence and was represented by a flag, called the flag of the three guarantees, which was made by José Magdaleno Ocampo. Thus the city of Iguala is called the birthplace of the modern Mexican flag. Each year a flag fair is held in Iguala. This fair is one of the most important festivities to the people of Iguala. It is celebrated with a float parade, cockfights, and handicraft exhibitions in late February. Another attraction of the City of Iguala is the Laguna of Tuxpan (Tuxpan Lake)
In September 2014, Iguala was the site of a brutal mass murder that drew international attention, when the Iguala municipal police attacked a group of students from the Ayotzinapa Normal School.
- Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
- Guerrero Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México
-  Cano 2014.
-  Pérez Silva 2014.
-  Garcia 2014.
-  Martínez 2014.
-  Chivis 2014.
-  Associated Press 2014.
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