|Municipal seat and city|
A view of the city of Iguala taken from "Cerro del Tehuhue" Asta Bandera
|Municipality||Iguala de la Independencia|
Iguala (Spanish pronunciation: [iˈɣwala]), known officially as Iguala de la Independencia, is a historic city located 102 km (63 mi) from the state capital of Chilpancingo, in the Mexican state of Guerrero in southwestern Mexico.
The city of Iguala stands on Federal Highway 95 about 130 km (81 mi) SSW of Mexico City. Iguala is the municipal seat of the Municipality of Iguala de la Independencia, located in the north-central part of the state. 
The city had a 2005 census population of 110,390 and the municipality 128,444.  The area of the municipality is 567.1 km2 (219.0 sq mi). The city is the third-largest community in Guerrero, after Acapulco and Chilpancingo.
General Vicente Guerrero was the first military leader to swear allegiance to the Mexican flag in Acatempan on March 12, 1821. On February 24, 1821 the Plan de Iguala was signed by Agustín de Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero, ending the long Mexican War of Independence. 
Gaining independence from Spain was represented by the first national flag, known as the Flag of the Three Guarantees, which was made by José Magdaleno Ocampo. Thus the city of Iguala is named the birthplace of the Flag of Mexico.
The San Francisco Church (Iglesia de San Francisco) is a landmark in the city, built in the 19th century in the Neoclassical style.  It is surrounded by Tamarind trees, and for them Iguala is known as "la Ciudad Tamarindera" (the Tamarindo city).
The Lagoon of Tuxpan (Laguna de Tuxpan), is a lake in the city known for its beauty. 
The Iguala Flag Fair is held in late February annually. It is one of the most important annual festivities for the people of Iguala. It is celebrated with a parade of floats, cockfights, and Mexican handcrafts and folk art exhibitions.  Iguala's local artisans create gold and silver jewelry.
Iguala mass kidnapping
The city's mayor and police department have been implicated in the students' kidnapping and disappearance, and members of the Guerreros Unidos Mexican drug cartel in the mass murder. The governor of Guerrero state, Ángel Aguirre Rivero, resigned amid the scandal.
- By Mexico: Iguala City in Guerrero State, Mexico
- (Spanish)—Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México: Municipios en Guerrero
- INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática: Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005
- The Guardian: Mass grave found in Mexican town; 5 October 2014.
- (Spanish)—Jornada.unam.mx: Cano opinion; 2 October 2014
- The Washington Post: "Mass kidnapping of students in Iguala, Mexico, brings outrage and protests"; 11 October 2014; accessed 10.11.2014.
- Borderlandbeat.com: "Guerreros Unidos narco banners appear"; posted October 2014.
- (Spanish)—Jornada.unam.mx: Pérez Silva opinion; 6 October 2014.
- (Spanish)—SinEmbargo.mx: Martínez opinion; 6 October 2014.
- Elmundo.es: Garcia opinion; 5 October 2014.
- The Guardian: "Mexican gang suspected of killing 43 students admits to mass murder"; 7 November 2014; accessed 10 November 2014.
- NPR: "Mexican Authorities: Drug Traffickers Confess To Killing 43 Students"; 8 November 2014; accessed 11.11.2014.
- Los Angeles Times: Mexico governor steps down over missing students"; 23 October 2014; accessed 11.11.2014.
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