Ihor Kolomoyskyi

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This name uses Eastern Slavic naming customs; the patronymic is Valeriyovych and the family name is Kolomoyskyi.
Ihor Kolomoyskyi
Ігор Валерійович Коломойський
Ihor Kolomoyskyi.png
Governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
In office
2 March 2014[1] – 24 March 2015
Preceded by Dmytro Kolesnikov[2][3]
Succeeded by Valentyn Reznichenko (acting)[4]
Personal details
Born (1963-02-13) February 13, 1963 (age 52)
Dnipropetrovsk, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union[5]
Citizenship Ukraine
Spouse(s) Irina
Children Anzhelika[8] and Grigory
Alma mater Dnipropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute[1]
Profession Co–Founder of PrivatBank
IncreaseUS$1.45 billion (May 2015)[9]

Ihor Valeriyovych Kolomoyskyi (Ukrainian: Ігор Валерійович Коломойський; Russian: Игорь Валерьевич Коломойский, Igor Kolomoisky; born February 13, 1963) is a Ukrainian-Cypriot-Israeli business oligarch of Jewish descent and the former Governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast.[10]

A multibillionaire, Kolomoyskyi is rated as the second or third richest person in Ukraine (after Rinat Akhmetov and/or Viktor Pinchuk) since 2006.[11][12] and 377th richest person in the world by the Forbes (as of 2011).[9] In March 2015 The Economist listed his net worth as $1.36 billion.[13] Kolomoyskyi is the leading partner of the Privat Group and a de facto chairman of the FC Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk.[14]


Ihor Kolomoyskyi's name in English is also spelled as Igor/Ihor Kolomoyskyi/Kolomoysky/Kolomoisky/Kolomoiskiy/Kolomoyskiy.

Kolomoyskyi is often nicknamed Benya (Беня) (which is a Russian-Jewish short name popular in the early 20th century) and Bonifatsiy after a character in the popular Russian animated film "Каникулы Бонифация" ("Bonifacy's holidays") made in 1965 by Soyuzmultfilm, whose image is visually similar to Kolomoyskyi's in appearance and hairstyle.


Kolomoyskyi was born in a Jewish family of engineers. Kolomoyskyi graduated from the Dnipropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute in 1985.[5] He is married with two children.[1][15]

Kolomoyskyi is the co-founder of the PrivatBank (and its informal Privat Group, respectively) and was appointed Chairman of its Board of Directors in 1997.[5][14] Other fields of activity include: ferroalloys, finance, oil products, mass media,[15] metal and petroleum industries (also in Russia and Romania).[16]

Kolomoysky has a triple Ukrainian-Israeli-Cyprus citizenship because dual citizenship is not recognized by Ukraine.[17][18] Kolomoyskyi explained that: "The constitution prohibits double citizenship but triple citizenship is not forbidden."[19]


Through PrivatBank he controls Aerosvit Airlines, Dniproavia and Donbassaero.[20] Through the asset management company Mansvell Enterprises Limited, he controls Skyways Express, City Airline, and Cimber Sterling aviation companies.[21] He also has media interests in the 1+1 Media Group, which operates eight Ukrainian TV channels.[13]

Part of his vast business empire is Burisma Holdings Ldt, Ukraine’s largest private gas firm. Shortly after Russia annexed Crimea, while U. S. Vice-President Joe Biden was engaged in diplomatic talks with Ukraine, Burisma announced that Hunter Biden joined the board of the company.[22]

Kolomoyskyi is a billionaire listed in 2007 by Forbes as the 799th-richest man in the world (with 3.8 billion dollars,[23] in 2010 Kyiv Post estimated his wealth at $6.243 billion.[24]) In March 2012 Forbes placed him 377th with $3 billion.[11] In 2010 Kyiv Post listed Kolomoyskyi as the second richest person in Ukraine;[24] in 2012 Forbes rated him the third richest person in Ukraine.[11] In these lists Kolomoyskyi has only been surpassed in wealth by Rinat Akhmetov or/and Viktor Pinchuk.[11][12] In March 2015, after the sharp decline in the value of the Ukrainian hryvnia, The Economist listed his net worth as $1.36 billion.[13]

Since 2010 rumors were circulating that Kolomoiskyi's assets were coming under pressure from the authorities.[24] Kolomoiskyi controls his business empire from Switzerland.[25]

Kolomyski has used Privat's "quasi-military forces" to enforce hostile takeovers of companies, sending a team of "hired rowdies armed with baseball bats, iron bars, gas and rubber bullet pistols and chainsaws" to forcibly take over a Kremenchuk steel plant in 2006,[26] and has used "a mix of phony court orders (often involving corrupt judges and/or registrars) and strong-arm tactics" to replace directors on the boards of companies he purchases stakes in.[27] Kolomyski was criticized by Mr Justice Mann in a court case in London involving an attempted hostile takeover of an oil company, with the judge stating that Kolomyski had "a reputation of having sought to take control of a company at gunpoint in Ukraine" and that there were "strong grounds for doubting the honesty of Mr Kolomoisky".[28]

Kolomoyskyi and Ukrainian politics[edit]

Analysts have listed Kolomoyskyi as an ally of Ukrainian politician Yulia Tymoshenko and her Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko.[5] Although according to RIA Novosti (in January 2010), Kolomoysky relations with Tymoshenko "were soured some time ago, probably due to his refusal to finance Tymoshenko's election campaign" in 2010.[25][29] Croatian newspaper Nacional claimed in September 2007 that Kolomoyskyi had become an ally of (then) Ukrainian President Victor Yushchenko and had financed Yushchenko's Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc.[16]

In the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election Kolomoyskyi was perceived as being one of UDAR’s main sponsors.[25][30] This has been denied by UDAR.[31]

Governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast[edit]

On 2 March 2014, amidst the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine, acting President Oleksandr Turchynov appointed Kolomoyskyi governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast.[32] Two days later, Russian President Vladimir Putin described Kolomoyskyi as a "unique crook," and said that the citizens of Dnipropetrovsk were not happy with his appointment as Governor of Dnipropetrovsk Oblast.[10] In contrast, The Daily Beast, a US publication, wrote in mid-June 2014 that Kolomoyskyi enjoyed the local population's strong support.[33]

In April 2014 Kolomoyskyi offered a bounty for the capture of Russian-backed militants and incentives for the turning in of weapons.[34] He also is believed to have spent $10 million to create the Dnipro Battalion,[33][35] and also funds the Aidar, Azov, Dnepr 1, Dnepr 2, and Donbas volunteer battalions.[36]

Russia is asking for Kolomoyskyi to be put on Interpol's wanted list.[37] On 2 July 2014 a Russian District Court authorized his arrest in absentia for "organizing the killing of civilians".[38]

In March 2015, after the dismissal of Oleksandr Lazorko, who was a protege of Kolomoyskyi, as a chief executive of UkrTransNafta, Ukraine's state-owned oil pipeline operator, men reported to be Kolomoyskyi's personal militia raided the UkrTransNafta's headquarters to expel the new government-appointed chief from the office. While Lazorko was in charge the state-owned pipelines had been delivering oil to an Kolomoisky-owned refinery in preference to competitors.[13][39] According to Kolomoyskyi the raids were done with the aim to protect the companies from raiders and he related to it as a "PR-stunt to improve the ratings of smaller parties".[40]

On March 25, 2015, Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed a decree dismissing Kolomoyskyi from the post of Dnipropetrovsk RSA Head, saying "Dnipropetrovsk region must remain a bastion of Ukraine in the East and protect peace". Kolomyskyi was replaced by Valentyn Reznichenko.[13][41][42]

Kolomoyski and Jewish politics[edit]

Kolomoyski is a prominent supporter of Ukraine's Jewish community[43] and the president of the United Jewish Community of Ukraine.[44] In 2010 he was appointed as the president of the European Council of Jewish Communities[45] after promising the outgoing president he would donate $14 million,[46] with his appointment being described as a "putsch"[44][45] and a "Soviet-style takeover"[47] by other EJCJ board members. After several ECJC board members resigned in protest, Kolomyski quit the ECJC and, together with fellow Ukrainian oligarch Vadim Rabinovich, founded the European Jewish Union.[46]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c (Russian) Short bio, LIGA
  2. ^ Ukrainian president reshuffles Azarov's government, Interfax-Ukraine (24 December 2012)
  3. ^ (Ukrainian) Колєсніков Дмитро Валерійович, DA-TA
  4. ^ Ukraine governor Kolomoisky sacked after oil firm row, BBC News (25 March 2015)
  5. ^ a b c d Igor Kolomoysky Renaissance Capital
  6. ^ http://www.kyivpost.com/content/ukraine/lawmakers-want-kolomoisky-fired-after-he-snaps-at-journalist-384042.html
  7. ^ Rossier, Roland (2014-05-30). "L’oligarque " genevois " qui défie Poutine". Tribune de Genève (in French). Retrieved 2014-07-08. 
  8. ^ (Ukrainian) Kolomoiskiy daughter is getting married, Tablo ID (28 June 2014)
  9. ^ a b Ihor Kolomoyskyy, Forbes list of billionaires (March 2012)
  10. ^ a b Putin Gets Personal in Ukraine, Bloomberg View (Mar 4, 2014)
  11. ^ a b c d Eight Ukrainians make Forbes magazine's list of world billionaires, Kyiv Post (8 March 2012)
  12. ^ a b Rich Man In A Poor Country, Kyiv Post (17 December 2010)
  13. ^ a b c d e "President v oligarch". The Economist. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  14. ^ a b Three's a crowd for Dynamo and Shakhtar, guardian.co.uk (August 28, 2007)
  15. ^ a b Ihor Kolomoysky, Kyiv Post (June 18, 2008)
  16. ^ a b Mislav Šimatović (September 25, 2007). "100 richest Eastern Europeans". Nacional. Archived from the original on July 25, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2012. 
  17. ^ (Ukrainian) З життя українських олігархів – вілла Коломойського на Женевському озері, Ukrayinska Pravda (March 10, 2009)
  18. ^ "Up to 10yrs’ jail for dual citizenship: Ukrainian bill targets tens of thousands," RT (March 03, 2014 12:36). Retrieved March 03, 2014.
  19. ^ "Ukraine's tycoon and governor Kolomoisky confesses to holding 3 passports" ITAR-TASS (October 3, 2014 20:31). Retrieved October 3, 2014.
  20. ^ Zaitsev, Tom (2010-02-12). "Three Ukrainian carriers seek tie-up approval". Flightglobal (Reed Elsevier). Retrieved 2011-07-22. 
  21. ^ Fraende, Metet (2011-07-07). "Cimber Sterling gets 165 mln DKK lifeline". Reuters. Retrieved 2011-07-22. 
  22. ^ Katie Zezima: "Joe Biden’s son discharged from Navy Reserve after positive cocaine test" (October 17, 2014 20:31). Retrieved October 17, 2014.
  23. ^ 50 richest Ukrainians, ForUm (May 29, 2007)
  24. ^ a b c #2 Richest: Ihor Kolomoisky, 47, Kyiv Post (December 17, 2010)
  25. ^ a b c "Rule by oligarchs: Kiev appoints billionaires to govern east," RT (March 03, 2014). Retrieved (March 03, 2014).
  26. ^ An Injection Of Rule Of Law For Ukrainian Business? - Forbes, 15 July 2013
  27. ^ Ukraine’s real problem: crony capitalism - The Hill, 15 Jan 2014
  28. ^ Raiders from the east: The oligarchs who won their case but took a battering - The Independent, 11 September 2013
  29. ^ Yanukovych versus Tymoshenko, RIA Novosti (January 20, 2010)
  30. ^ After the parliamentary elections in Ukraine: a tough victory for the Party of Regions, Centre for Eastern Studies (7 November 2012)
  31. ^ Klitschko: UDAR's election campaign to cost Hr 90 million, Kyiv Post (15 September 2012)
  32. ^ Ukraine Turns to Its Oligarchs for Political Help, nytimes.com (2 March 2014)
  33. ^ a b The Town Determined to Stop Putin, The Daily Beast (12 June 2014)
  34. ^ Ukrainian oligarch offers bounty for capture of Russian 'saboteurs' - The Guardian, 18 April 2014
  35. ^ Ukraine's Secret Weapon: Feisty Oligarch Ihor Kolomoisky, The Wall Street Journal (June 27, 2014)
  36. ^ Damien Sharkov (10 September 2014). "Ukrainian Nationalist Volunteers Committing 'ISIS-Style' War Crimes". Newsweek. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 
  37. ^ "Russia puts Ukraine's interior minister, Dnepropetrovsk governor on int'l wanted list". Voice of Russia. June 21, 2014.
  38. ^ http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/moscow-court-sanctions-arrest-of-ukraine-tycoon-governor-kolomoisky/502854.html
  39. ^ Bershidsky, Leonid (March 20, 2015). "Ukraine's Oligarchs Are at War (Again)". Bloomberg News. 
  40. ^ Kolomoisky speaks of his inner tug-of-war and patriots from the Opposition Bloc, Kyiv Post (March 29, 2015)
  41. ^ "President signed a Decree on dismissal of Ihor Kolomoyskyi from the post of Dnipropetrovsk RSA Head". Press office of President of Ukraine. Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  42. ^ Ukraine arrests two top officials at cabinet meeting, BBC News (25 March 2015)
  43. ^ Akhmetov joins Ukraine oligarchs in pledging to protect homeland - Financial Times, 2 March 2014
  44. ^ a b A necessary putsch? - Jerusalem Post, 29 Oct 2010
  45. ^ a b #2 Richest: Ihor Kolomoisky - Kyiv Post, 17 Dec 2010
  46. ^ a b European Jewish Parliament off to a semi-comedic start - JWeekly, 3 November 2011
  47. ^ Like NBA’s Nets, European Jewish group gets an oligarch, but some see Soviet-style takeover - JTA, 2 November 2010