Ihtiman

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Ihtiman
Ihtiman is located in Bulgaria
Ihtiman
Ihtiman
Location of Ihtiman
Coordinates: 42°26′N 23°49′E / 42.433°N 23.817°E / 42.433; 23.817Coordinates: 42°26′N 23°49′E / 42.433°N 23.817°E / 42.433; 23.817
Country Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Sofia Province
Government
 • Mayor Margarita Petkova
Elevation 658 m (2,159 ft)
Population (13.09.2005)
 • Total 14,525
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 2050
Area code(s) 0724

Ihtiman (Bulgarian: Ихтиман) is a town in western Bulgaria, part of Sofia Province. It is located in the Ihtimanska Sredna Gora mountains and lies in a valley 48 km from Sofia and 95 km from Plovdiv, close to Trakiya motorway.

Formerly a Roman defensive station guarding the important roads to the Bosphorus, Ihtiman was then called Stipon. It continued to play this role under the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgarian Empire, which however shifted its main defensive centre in the region to the Gate of Trajan hill pass.

Following the Ottoman domination in the 14th century, the town's name was changed to Ihtiman, which is thought to be of Ottoman Turkish origin.

The traditional and dominant religion is Eastern Orthodox Christianity.

Ihtiman Hook on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Ihtiman.[1]

Climate[edit]

Ikhtiman has a temperate continental climate with very cold and snowy winters and not too hot, relatively short summers. The average annual temperature is 8.9C.

Climate data for Ikhtiman
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
21.2
(70.2)
30.4
(86.7)
28.5
(83.3)
33.4
(92.1)
35.4
(95.7)
37.5
(99.5)
42.5
(108.5)
36.9
(98.4)
32.8
(91)
25.8
(78.4)
18.2
(64.8)
42.5
(108.5)
Average high °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
4.4
(39.9)
9
(48)
15.5
(59.9)
20.2
(68.4)
23.8
(74.8)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
23.1
(73.6)
17
(63)
10.1
(50.2)
4.2
(39.6)
15.18
(59.36)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
0.6
(33.1)
3.1
(37.6)
9
(48)
13.6
(56.5)
17
(63)
19
(66)
18.7
(65.7)
14.7
(58.5)
9.5
(49.1)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.3
(31.5)
8.9
(48.03)
Average low °C (°F) −7.6
(18.3)
−5.3
(22.5)
−2.1
(28.2)
2.2
(36)
6.7
(44.1)
9.7
(49.5)
10.9
(51.6)
10.1
(50.2)
7.1
(44.8)
3.2
(37.8)
0.3
(32.5)
−4.6
(23.7)
2.55
(36.6)
Record low °C (°F) −33.9
(−29)
−31
(−24)
−28
(−18)
−9.6
(14.7)
−3.7
(25.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.5
(34.7)
1.3
(34.3)
−5.8
(21.6)
−8.4
(16.9)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−33.5
(−28.3)
−33.9
(−29)
Precipitation mm (inches) 39
(1.54)
30
(1.18)
38
(1.5)
50
(1.97)
70
(2.76)
78
(3.07)
59
(2.32)
46
(1.81)
40
(1.57)
44
(1.73)
49
(1.93)
42
(1.65)
585
(23.03)
Source: Stringmeteo.com

Retrieved on March 30, 2013.

Municipality[edit]

Ihtiman is also the seat of Ihtiman municipality (part of Sofia Province), which includes the following 27 villages:

Twin-towns[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]