|Produced by||R.K. Gupta|
|Written by||Subodh Ghosh (story)
Gulzar (screenplay & dialogues)
|Music by||R D Burman|
|Edited by||Subhash Sehgal|
Ijaazat (meaning "permission") is an 1987 Indian Hindi film directed by Gulzar, based on a Bengali story, Jatugriha by Subodh Ghosh. Starring Rekha, Naseeruddin Shah and Anuradha Patel in leading roles, the film followed the story of couple who are separated and who accidentally meet in a railway station waiting room and discover some truths about their lives without each other. The film belongs to the art-house genre in India known as parallel cinema, and won two National Film Awards in the music category.
The movie is a powerful story that deals with feminism and patriarchy in the middle class of India. It is shot in the present and past tense showing lives of the characters Mahender and Sudha as they lived together as well as separately. The movie starts with Mahender (Naseeruddin Shah) getting down at the railway station and making his way to the waiting room just as it starts to rain heavily. A woman, Sudha (Rekha), is already sitting in the waiting room. On seeing him, she tries to hide her face from him but later they confront each other.
Mahender has an accomplished business dealing with photography. He respects his grandfather (Shammi Kapoor) immensely. Incidentally, he had been engaged to Sudha for 5 years but always made some excuse to delay their wedding. However, this time his grandfather has fixed the wedding in the first week of the following month. He reveals to Sudha that he is having an affair with one of the most radical representations of feminism in a girl called Maya (Anuradha Patel). He returns to tell Maya, but Maya has disappeared, leaving him some poetry. Mahender then marries Sudha and is quite happy, but the sudden return of Maya causes tensions in their married life. Mahender frequently tells Sudha about all the beautifully poignant, loving and authentic things Maya did over the years that they lived together. Later, Maya tries to commit suicide, and this leads to Mahender spending time with her over a few weeks. Sudha, not knowing about Maya's suicide attempt and therefore believing that Mahender is being unfaithful to her, feels that her marriage was a mistake, and questions Mahender about his intentions. He then tells her strongly that he is going to bring Maya home to talk to her. Sudha is adamantly against this, but Mahender leaves with determination. However, Maya hears Sudha's anger on the phone and by the time Mahender reaches to pick her up, she has gone away. When he returns home without Maya, he finds that Sudha has also left. Mahender, unable to bear the shock, gets a heart attack. In the days and months that follow, he is looked after by Maya. Sudha continues as a teacher in Panchgani. As time passes, Mahender is beginning to feel convinced that it is time for him to bring Sudha back home. But then he gets Sudha's letter saying that she is releasing him from their marriage and that he is free to marry Maya. A sudden uncontrolled outburst from Mahender makes Maya realize that she was the cause for Sudha's departure and that Mahender missed Sudha deeply. Maya suddenly feels estranged at this abrupt change in their relationship and, in the night, rides off on her motorbike. Mahender rushes to follow her in his car to stop her, but then Maya's long scarf gets entangled in the back wheel of her bike, because of which she gets dragged off her bike and strangled to death.
Sudha is deeply grieved on hearing about Maya's end. Later, as the time for their train approaches, Sudha's husband (Shashi Kapoor) bursts in unexpectedly to pick her up, and Mahender realizes with a shock that Sudha is now married. As Sudha's husband leaves the waiting room with her luggage, Mahender asks her to forgive him. She touches Mahender's feet as a plea for his forgiveness and for his permission (Ijaazat) for her to leave him, something which she had not received the last time they had separated. Mahender grants her wishes, speaks well of her husband, and gives her his blessings for a happy life. Sudha's husband returns to see what is holding her up, and then, seeing Sudha's teary face, it dawns on him that this man must be her former husband. The movie ends with Sudha and her husband moving on along the platform, and Sudha hanging back a little and looking back tearfully and with great regret, as if she does not want to leave, while Mahender stands outside the waiting room looking on forlornly as she recedes from him.
- Rekha as Sudha
- Naseeruddin Shah as Mahender
- Anuradha Patel as Maya
- Dina Pathak as Principal
- Shammi Kapoor as Mahender's grandfather
- Sulbha Deshpande as Sudha's mother
- Ram Mohan
- Rita Rani Kaul
- Ashok Mehta
- Rajesh Bombaywala
- Ashfaq Ahmed
- Bhupinder Sharma
- Sunil Advani
- Monish Prem
- Shashi Kapoor as Sudha's husband
- Director: Gulzar
- Producer: R K Gupta, Rajinder Singh Bedi
- Co-Producer: Sweety Mehta
- Story: Subodh Ghosh (Jatugriho)
- Screenplay: Gulzar
- Dialogues: Gulzar
- Lyrics: Gulzar
- Music: R D Burman
- Editing: Subhash Sehgal
- Cinematography: Ashok Mehta
- Art Direction: R K Handa
- Costume Design: Leela Daru
Filmfare wrote about the film, "One of Gulzar’s most sensitive films, it also remains Rekha’s most poignant performance as the possessive wife, who gives up her husband (Naseeruddin Shah) rather than share him with another woman (Anuradha Patel). Mera kuch saman … can anyone not be moved by it?" According to Lalit Mohan Joshi, author of the book Bollywood: popular Indian cinema, Ijaazat "recreates the tingling sensation of a mature romance. It looks at an unusual male-female relationship, a subject less often broached in Hindi films." Joshi further notes that the film "exudes a sentimental feeling that seems more touching than the recent teenybopper romance stories." M.L. Dhawan from The Tribune, while documenting the famous Hindi films of 1987, commended Gulzar for giving "a mature treatment to the eternal love triangle of pati patni aur woh (husband, wife and the other woman)." He further noted Asha Bhosle for her "soul-stirring voice [which] left an impact" and the principal cast for their "emotion-loaded performances".
- 1988: National Film Award
- 1989: Filmfare Award
|Soundtrack album by R D Burman, Asha Bhosle, Gulzar|
|Label||Sa Re Ga Ma|
The film has four songs sung by Asha Bhosle, who is the only playback singer in the film soundtrack. The songs were composed by R D Burman. The lyrics are penned by Gulzar. Composer RD Burman was widely appreciated by people for his music in the film and the song "Mera Kuch Saaman" was a big rage other songs were also equally popular. Two of the four songs are Ghazals where marked.
- Khaali Haath Sham Aayee Hai (Ghazal)
- Mera Kuchh Saamaan (Ghazal)
- Katra Katra
- Chotisi Kahani Se
- Gulzar; Govind Nihalani; Saibal Chatterjee (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 337. ISBN 81-7991-066-0.
- Farook, Farhana (2010-07-13). "Top 5". Filmfare. Retrieved 2011-09-20.
- Lalit Mohan Joshi (1 September 2002). Bollywood: popular Indian cinema. Dakini Books. p. 123. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
- Dhawan, M.L. (2002-07-21). "Year of the invisible hero". The Tribune. Retrieved 2011-12-03.