|• Also spelled||Ajnisinya (official)|
|• Type||Village Council|
|• Head of Municipality||Abdul Jabbar Shayeb|
Ijnisinya (Arabic: اجنسنيا, ‘Ijnisinyâ ) is a Palestinian village located twelve kilometers northwest of Nablus in the Nablus Governorate. Most of the working-age inhabitants live as farmers. It has a population of about 560. Ijnisinya is governed by a village council. The village's history dates back to Byzantine rule in Palestine.
The Roman Empress Helena of Constantinople who temporarily resided in nearby Sebastiya (Sebastia) used to swim in the lake in Ijinsinya with her maids. The area at the time was a small lake surrounded by gardens. Men were forbidden from entering the area by Queen Helena in order to guarantee her and her maids privacy. The name Ijnisinya derives from Greek, translating as "the Eden of women" reflecting the original use of the village site. Byzantine ceramics have been found in the area.
In 1596, it appeared in Ottoman tax registers as "Jinisina", a village in the nahiya of Jabal Sami in the liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 8 households and 4 bachelors, all Muslim, and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, occasional revenues, a press for olives or grapes
In 1667, during Ottoman Empire rule, Ijnisinya appeared in the list of Greek Orthodox parochial churches. However, by 1838 the village no longer possessed a church, although there were still around 60 Christian residents. Victor Guérin found a small village, with both Muslim and Christians villagers. In 1882, it was described as "a small hamlet in a valley, with olives around it."
There is an Ancient Roman building named Sheikh Shu'la lies atop of a hill overlooking three villages, including Ijnisinya as well as, Sebastiya, and an-Naqura. The building is originally said to be a Roman monastery seven floors high. The remains of the monastery include stone closets, a prison, galleys, secret passageways, and several wells. Its name, Shu'leh is one of a number of Arabic words meaning "fire". The building was named thus because the Ayyubid sultan Saladin used it and similar buildings to transmit messages using fire.
The Romans used some of the village lands for a cemetery after Christianity became the Roman Empire's official religion. It is popular belief that these graves contain treasures. The graves are generally referred to as "Christian graves", or Khallet Issa.
Ijnisinya is located twelve kilometers northwest of Nablus. It is adjacently east of Sebastiya, northeast of an-Naqura, south of Beit Imrin, north of Zawata. Ijnisinya has an elevation of 460 meters above sea level.
It has a total land area of 6,547 dunams, of which around two-thirds is cultivable. Its built-up area consists of only 30 dunams, olive trees cover 900 dunams, while cereals make-up the majority of the remaining cultivable land. On August 4, 2001, Israeli forces burned over 200 olive trees belonging to Ijnisinya and Zawata.
In the British Mandate census in 1922, Ijnisinya had only 119 residents. The population slowly grew in 1945, when a land and population survey by Sami Hadawi recorded a population of 200. In 1967 the population was 256. In a 1997 census by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), there were 418 inhabitants, of which 70 (16.7%) were refugees. The gender distribution was exactly even; 50% were males and 50% were females. According to the PCBS, Ijnisinya had a population of 505 inhabitants in 2007.
Before the 20th-century, many of the village's residents were Christians, but following disagreements with its Muslim residents they emigrated to villages with large Christian populations, particularly Zababdeh near Jenin and Bir Zeit near Ramallah.
Underneath the village mosque is a wide Roman reservoir for underground water which, until recently, was still used by the residents of the village as a water source. Queen Helena built an aqueduct to carry water from Ijnisinya to Sebastiya but it fell into ruin during a drought in Palestine. The aqueduct is named after her, and it starts from Nablus through Ein Beit al-Ma', Ijnisinya, and then to Sebastiya.
In 2007, the village pump — constructed in 1977 — broke down and the village residents were without water, forced to travel to Asira al-Qibliya to borrow water from that village's pump. A few months later, the Ijnisinya Village Council with the help of the American Near East Refugee Aid, constructed a new pump.
- All Washed Up American Near East Refugee Aid. p.3.
- Palmer 1881, p. 183
- Ijnisinya Village - Nablus Jerusalem Media and Communications Centre.
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 767
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 126.
- Ellenblum, 2003, p. 248
- Guerin, 1875, p. 210
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 159
- Satellite View of Ijnisinya PalestineRemembered.
- Welcome To Ijnisinya Palestine Remembered.
- Hadawi, Sami. (1970). Nablus District Stats from Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine The Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Parfrey, Adam. Extreme Islam, Anti-American Propaganda of Muslim Fundamentalism Dilettante Press.
- Perlmann, Vol 1, Tab 2: Ijnisinya
- Nablus Governorate Statistics: Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status and Palestinian Population by Locality, Sex and Age Groups in Years Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS).
- 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.110.
- 1931 British Mandate Census. p. 61.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Claudine Dauphin (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations, Vol. III : Catalogue. BAR International Series 726. Oxford: Archeopress.
- Ellenblum, Ronnie (2003). Frankish Rural Settlement in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521521874.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine. Vol 2; Samarie, pt. 2.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Perlmann, Joel: The 1967 Census of the West Bank and Gaza Strip: A Digitized Version. Annandale-on-Hudson, N.Y.: Levy Economics Institute of Bard College. November 2011 – February 2012. [Digitized from: Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, Census of Population and Housing, 1967 Conducted in the Areas Administered by the IDF, Vols. 1–5 (1967–70), and Census of Population and Housing: East Jerusalem, Parts 1 and 2 (1968–70).]