Kalanga language

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Not to be confused with Karanga language or Karanga dialect.
Kalanga
Ikalanga
Native to Zimbabwe, Botswana
Ethnicity Kalanga people
(formerly) Lemba
Native speakers
950,000  (2000–2004)[1]
Official status
Official language in
 Zimbabwe (both Kalanga and Nambya)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
kck – Kalanga
nmq – Nambya
Glottolog kala1405[2]
S.16[3]
Linguasphere 99-AUT-ai

The Kalanga language, or Ikalanga, TjiKalanga, is a Bantu language spoken by the Kalanga people. It is known for its extensive phoneme inventory, which includes palatalized, velarized, aspirated, and breathy-voiced consonants.[citation needed] It is closely related to KheLobedu language spoken in northeastern South Africa.

Classification[edit]

Kalanga has the following dialects: Kalanga proper, Nambya (Nanzwa), Lilima (Tjililima, Humbe), Nyai (Rozvi), Lemba (Remba), Lembethu (Rembethu), Twamamba (Xwamamba), Pfumbi, Jaunda (Jawunda, Jahunda), and the extinct †Romwe, †Peri, †Talahundra (Talaunda).[3]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chebanne, A. M. & Rodewald, M. K & Pahlen, K. W. (1995) Ngatikwaleni iKalanga: a manual for writing Kalanga as spoken in Botswana. Gaborone: Botswana Society.
  • Chebanne, Andy & Schmidt, Daniel (2010). "Kalanga: Summary grammar". Cape Town: CASAS monograph 75.
  • Mathangwane, Joyce T. (1999) Ikalanga phonetics and phonology: a synchronic and diachronic study. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kalanga at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
    Nambya at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Kalanga–Nambya". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ a b Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online

External links[edit]